Document 1 depicts the leader of the Chinese Communist party, Mao Zedong,’s written report that describes peasants’ strong nationalism. His written report uses strong words as “corrupt” and “evil” which describes peasants’ enemies, such as officials and landowners. Mao wanted to uprise the sense of nationalism by mentioning the peasants’ enemies. However, Mao Zedong is the leader of the Chinese Communist Party, so he might exaggerated the state of peasants in order to gain trusts from the peasants. According to document 2, a sense of nationalism is shown in the discussion between a teenaged peasant and his grandfather.
This was a battle between Shang and Zhou clans, over the Shang 's expansion. They largely had the support of the Chinese people: Di Xin (the final king of the Shang Dynasty) had become cruel, spent state money on drinking and gambling, and ignored the state. The Zhou established authority by forging alliances with regional nobles, and founded their new dynasty with its capital at Fenghao (near present-day Xi 'an, in western China). Map of Zhou Dynasty This map shows the location of the ancient Zhou Dynasty. The map shows that the Zhou Dynasty covered portions of modern-day mid-eastern China.
William Hinton, a born member of the Chinese communist reform force, states how peasants were challenging landlords and money lenders, and how “This increasingly explosive force transferred land from the landowners to the peasants”, as shown in Document 6. After the communist party advocated anti-Japanese sentiment, the peasants subsequently found the confidence to challenge landowners with the knowledge that the Japanese had been successfully defeated in part to the power the peasants held, and in part by communist motivation. This led to the breaking down of Chinese land owning infrastructure as peasants revolted. Hinton’s account of the events is very descriptive and as detailed as someone who lived in China during the time of the peasant revolts. Yet, as an American, he was not part of the peasant class and thus would not have been part of the revolts.
For example, England required China to pay $ 22 US dollars for reparations and open up numerous ports in China. After the Opium Wars brought China into imperialism, foreign countries including England came to china. Because ambassadors brought new technologies, mechanisms and religion to China, agriculture became less profitable and lots of peasants lost their occupations. Subsequently, the Boxer Rebellion or the Boxer Uprising, immense and vigorous rebellion against Christianity, took place between 1899 and 1902. Through the Boxer Rebellion, it lingered China lots of casualties, economic damages and influences.
The author compares this case in the US to China’s soldiers firing upon protesters several times in the essay. It is used to provide a clear contrast between the extremism in communist governments when people protest versus how the US reacted. It is stated that if the Supreme Court had decided differently, we would be more like China. The author then uses China as a possible future example of what putting many limits to citizens’ freedom will look like. It provides a concrete example of the ramifications of giving official dogma more
Sarah Pham Mrs. Rugon Honors English 9 10/3/16 Discrimination During the Cultural Revolution Everybody wants to fit in. In America, the media influences social norms, stereotypes, and acceptable behaviors. In Communist China, Chairman Mao and The Communist Party used propaganda to create ideology that destroyed Chinese culture and values. In the memoir, Red Scarf Girl, citizens of black class status endured severe acts of discrimination from The Cultural Revolution. Jiang Ji-li and her family were forced to make difficult decisions due to the prejudice on their family name.
I think the idea of civilizing other nations or culture in European ways was somewhat crime against humanity. The forcible trade of opium to China by British East India Company was a form of imperialism. An imperial commissioner from China, Lin Tse-Hsu writes “Letter to queen Victoria” P-431, he states “Your honorable nation takes away the products of our central land, and not only do you thereby obtain food and support for yourselves, but moreover, by reselling these products to other countries you reap a threefold profit.” What the letter makes abundantly clear is that the native people are being robbed off their products by the foreign invading power, their economies in
Because the Qin were legalists, any citizen who broke the law was executed. The emperor was hated for burning books and for forcing citizens to work on the wall. Shi Huangdi helped China centralize which unified them at the cost of human freedom.
The 1st and 2nd centuries B.C.E. were an influential tipping point in history. Obviously there lies a reason why this is the time in history where we move into the common era. A growing dissatisfaction around the world on how empires ruled led to some large, influential administrations falling. Some groups that entered the power vacuum include the Han Dynasty in China and the emergence of an imperial Rome.
Atwood uses allusions to the Old Testament, Cultural Revolution, Salem Witch Trials, and the Taliban to satirize the oppression of women in political, religious and social aspects. Atwood parallels the Cultural Revolution in China to the how the Gilead government gains power and control over the United States. The Chinese communist leader, Mao Zedong launched the Cultural Revolution to assert his control over the Chinese government. Zedong ordered the nation to cleanse themselves of “impure” aspects of Chinese society. This was done by shutting down schools and a massive youth mobilization.
Rome was “human symptom” based; on the tombstones of Roman citizens were phrases suggesting the spread of downfall and defeat that provided a despondency of the afterlife (contributing to the decay of religion mentioned in the previous paragraph). China on the other hand had more problems in its bureaucracy and civic unrest. For example, some peasants who had lost their farms had to sell their children into service. A third difference is that as previously stated, China had a successful revival while Rome did not. Rome divided and the Western half survived but was diminished by attempts to regulate the economy and decline tax revenue’s.
The Hmong community is originally an ethnic group from China who, following persecutions, moved to Indochina (French colony), to settle in what will become later Laos. Several years later, the Hmong were “forced” to take part in the Indochina wars alongside with the French (1946-1954), and the American Secret War (1962-1975) to respectively fight against the Japanese imperialism and Communism. When the Vietnamese war took an end in 1975, the fail of the United States was at the advantage of the communist forces the Hmong are the victims of a genocide, forcing an important part of this population into exile in order to escape the reprisal of the
This drug was used as a tool by the colonial powers. One of the governor in China decided to destroy 2.6 millions pound of opium. The European are trying to make more money and power. I totally understand they’re trying to find a way to survived and feed their people but the problem
The idea of decolonization, or breaking away from the grips of imperialist nations and establishing one’s own national independence and ways of governing, is what sparked the revolutions and actions of many nations that were dominated by the Europeans or other imperialists. With that, the Chinese revolution occurred as a result of the increasing desire of Chinese communists to free China from colonialism. (754) Unfortunately, Chinese communists could not take any action because of Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalist regime that expelled Communists out Chinese cities and caused them to go into hiding. (756) It was the year of 1934 when the communist party garnered back attention. Led by Mao Zedong, the leader of the communist party, many Chinese communists joined a “6,000 mile journey through rugged terrain of northwestern China.” (756) It was at this stage of the Chinese revolution where the subsequent development of China into a global economic power took off.