While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
This resulted in the failure to enforce the norm strictly and prevent the conflict. At the dawn of the conflict, Soviet President Nikolai Podgorny sent a letter to Khan stating that the conflict should be solved politically without force, while further mentioning the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in guiding their opinion. This letter exemplifies that the USSR did play an active position in the beginning of the conflict in conveying Khan to stop the genocide. In this way, Soviet interests of the Cold War were put aside to some extent. However, once the geopolitical intentions of the US and China were made clear, the USSR turned towards pursuing their own Cold War interests.
Expansionism is a commonly mentioned aspect related the idea of the traditional theory. The liberal theory claims that America was at fault. Because of our intervention during the Bolshevik Revolution, we warranted the Cold War upon ourselves. Finally, the ideological theory states that nothing else matters other than the fact that the United States and Soviet Union
While the nation embraced socialist policies, Yugoslavia was also averse to the idea of being under the control of the Soviet Union. Such a position served to endear effectively it to the Western nations who were looking for an edge over the Soviet Union (Grozev, 2002). As such, even before Kennedy became the president of the US, he had cultivated critical relations with Yugoslavia. It is documented that President Tito had arranged an elaborate reception for Kennedy when still a Senator in the US. He was treated like a top national dignitary and had at his disposal the trappings of power that foreign ministers
“The way we choose to see the world creates the world we see”(Barry Neil Kaufman). Different perspective lead humans to make decisions that lead to conflicts, such as the Cold War. The Cold War was a rivalry between the U.S.S.R (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and the U.S.A(United States of America). Cold War had no direct military actions between the countries. Competing perspectives and human decisions led to violent conflicts throughout the 20th century.
United States senators fear that it would cause America to participate in more international conflicts, causing them to be against it. In the political cartoon “Interrupting the Ceremony” by John McCutheon, a wedding ceremony between Uncle Sam, representing the United States, and “Foreign Entanglements” is being directed by a man reading from the League of Nations, trying to get America to join. The US Senate breaking through the glass, as he holds “Constitutional Rights”, represents the Senate’s disapproval for the treaty. As represented through the cartoon, McCutheon was against the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles because he did not support the League of Nations and favored the Senate and its ideas. The marriage between Uncle Sam and “Foreign
The American War Against Fear World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, in which it encompassed the major nations in the world, including the United States of America. The aftermath of the war, in which the United States and its allied powers emerged victorious, should have marked a period of political tranquility. However this supposition proved incorrect, as the American ethos was ravaged by a state of political and military tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. More than a military conflict, the Cold War was an ideological war in which democracy and communism clashed. The Cold War fears of the American people, reflected in the mass hysteria behind the Red Scare and McCarthyism, was entrenched in the
saw the war in Vietnam as a battle of the Cold War, the Vietnamese saw it as a civil war instead. Unfortunately, President Johnson failed to empathize with the Vietnamese the same way President Kennedy was advised to do so with the Soviets during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Even though constructivism would fail to explain this decision in world politics, Realism manages to explain it well. The U.S. saw the Soviets as a threat to their own security, both due to their growing economy and their military capabilities. Seeing as the Vietnamese were communists, in the eyes of the U.S., the Soviets had just gained an ally in the South-East Asia region.
In conclusion, the Cold War created a great tension between the US and Soviet Union in forming competing ideologies of capitalism and communism. These opposite ideals were the driving force behind many major decisions by the US in its foreign policy in terms of containing the spread of communism. The US engaged in proxy wars where it supported allies which held similar beliefs. In the Vietnam conflict, the US not only supported an ally but even fought side by side to stop the adoption of communism in that country. Although looking back, the US may question its involvement in the Vietnam war, at that time, based on its position taken in the Cold War conflict this high cost seemed well worth it.
General Jack Ripper declares war with Russia and the communistic ideology by issuing an order to attack parts of Russia with nuclear weapons. His nationalistic fear of a foreign ideology, and their fluoridation of ice cream, smashes the idea that he is a collected individual that can deal with the pressure and the conditions of the Cold War. Confusion of priorities, Alexander Walker analyzes, tends to be at the forefront of General Ripper’s main goal. General Ripper’s job is the protection of the American people as well as the starting a nuclear war with Russia only when necessary. Through his action of beginning nuclear war with Russia, General Ripper shows a lack of awareness of his job as General as well as a lack of self awareness within himself and his conditions.
History is all about inspiring speeches, gruesome wars, and unexpected events that decide the course of the future. The Cold War is not an example of a war, but a highly important event, considering there was no actual fighting. The Cold War started because the Soviet 's wanted to spread communism, but America was getting in their way to stop it. Three major factors also contributed to the conflict of war, the most obvious one being the U.S. wanted to stop communism, another being both the Soviet Union and the United States were afraid of each other, and finally competition, because everyone needs some good competition. These factors are both reasons why the war started, and "weapons" that were used.
When world war I stared he wanted to prepare Britain for war and founded the Royal Navy Air Service and helped with the development of the Churchill Tank which would later be used in World War II. During WW II Churchill was against Chamberlain 's policy of appeasement, and when Chamberlain resigned, Churchill became the next prime minister. As Prime Minister during the war, Churchill gave numerous speeches that helped lift the spirits of the people of Britain. After WWII Churchill began his battle fighting communism. He gave his speech about the Iron Curtain that divided West and East Europe and warned about the dangers of Soviet
The reason for the building of the Berlin Wall and the impact on Germany, Berlin and other places, the problems created by the Soviet Union for the people and the restrictions of several human rights and freedom will prove that the era of the Berlin Wall was indeed problematic for the people in different areas. The Berlin wall, how it all started. After World War II, Germany ended up dividing into two separate countries. East Germany and West Germany. East Germany which was a communist country under the control of the Soviet Union.
Whereas on the foreign front President Truman guided the country through the end of World War II, the starting of the Cold War, and the beginning of the atomic age. When President Truman came into office the war with Europe was almost to its end but the war with Japan seemed to be further away from ending. “With figures for a full-scale invasion of the Japanese home islands mounting and Japanese leaders offering few concrete hints of agreeing to the President 's terms for unconditional surrender, Truman endorsed the use of the bomb against Japan” (millercenter.org/president/truman/foreign-affairs). Truman also had his problems with the Soviet Union as both nations were looking to the international post-war order in line with their own interests. To protect the country and the world from the Soviet Union, United States executed a containment policy that was first administered to Western Europe that in due course included Asia as well.
The Cold War lasted from 1945 to 1991 when the Soviet Union fell apart. But really, how did the United States and their allies contain communism. What exactly is containment? The definition of containment in this case is the US policy of not letting the Soviet Union expand its empire. The U.S. contained communism at The Berlin Air lift, The Korean War, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.