The Monroe Doctrine is one of the most influential foreign policies made by an American President in our nation’s history. It strongly defined the principle of American exclusivity and European non-interference in North and South America. In Europe, the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 marked the disintegration of the Spanish empire in the New World. Between 1815 and 1822, Argentina, Venezuela, and Chile declared their independence, and broke away from colonialism. The Monroe administration recognized Argentina, Chile, Peru, Colombia and Mexico as independent colonies in 1822. After Spain and Portugal defeated Napoleon in 1815, they made arduous efforts to reclaim their former colonies in Latin America. There was increased concern in the …show more content…
When France and Britain went to war in 1793, the Americans feared that the turmoil and violence would destroy the young American republic. Monroe learned that Napoleon Bonaparte wanted to sell the entire Louisiana territory to present day Canada. He acted quickly and signed the Louisiana purchase agreement before any other nation in order to double the size of the United States. It was the right decision at the right time. Meanwhile, French armies were sent into Spain to help King Ferdinand suppress the liberal movements while Austria conquered Naples and Piedmont. This constant turmoil further aggravated President Monroe’s worries. Concurrently, Great Britain was actively seeking new, more profitable markets in South America, therefore refraining to offer any help to Spain to regain its …show more content…
A diplomatic decision that was presented to the world at the right time during history. It emphasized United States’ decision to fight against injustice and protect the independent Western nations. President Monroe’s message to Congress, declaring opposition to European colonization in the Western Hemisphere became the cornerstone of 19th century American statesmanship. (The Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America). The Monroe doctrine had long lasting effects on the foreign relations and served as a backdrop for important early 20th century events such as entrance into World War I, and the establishment of the League of
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
The Monroe Doctrine was created and claimed that it was to protect all Latin American Countries from European intervention. The Monroe Doctrine was not designed to protect the Latin American countries from European intervention but for the benefits that came with creating it. The men who created the document were all interested in the presidential election. They wanted to have as many people as possible to be in their favor so they could win the election. For example, Adams was the only candidate who was not a slaveholder.
The Monroe Doctrine was a threat to European nations for multiple reasons. To begin with, the Monroe Doctrine was a document that was written by John Quincy Adams. The states that were affected by the Monroe Doctrine are the European countries and the independent, smaller countries such as Mexico. The main thesis of the Monroe Doctrine is that America has forbidden Europe from invading other individual countries. The doctrine is a threat because it states that foreign countries are forbidden to enter and colonize land in the western hemisphere.
At first the Latin American nations saw this as favorable, because they saw that the U.S. could not do anything alone if moving along without the backing of Britain. The military and political power allowed the Monroe Doctrine to be brought about. This doctrine had combined with much of the ideas of Manifest Destiny. Theodore Roosevelt’s Corollary was a great extension of this doctrine, it upturned the original meaning and justified independent intervention of the U.S. in Latin America.
During America’s imperialistic period they saw Middle America as another optimal position to take for trade routes to the west from eastern America. Many islands in the gulf, and lower were also needed for many reasons. One such place was Cuba, Cuba was against Spain, and wanted to be separate of its state. Cuba asked for the assistance of America, and was granted access to this assistance. Eventually Spain was driven out, and Cuba was put under the Monroe Doctrine, allowing America some control.
The Spanish-American War of 1898 put an end to Spain’s colonial empire within the Western Hemisphere and put America in the new role as a global power. With the United States victory this produced a peace treaty which compelled the Spanish to relinquish any claims on Cuba. It also gave power over Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines to the United States (United States, United States Department of State, n.d.). During the conflict the independent state of Hawaii was annexed by the United States. The war gave the United States predominance within the Caribbean region and allowed us to pursue our economic and strategic interests in Asia.
Before understanding the Monroe Doctrine, it is important to understand the circumstances that brought it fourth. In fact, it was a combination of events occurring in Latin America, South America, and Europe along with the ideals of former US presidents that prompted and set the framework for the creation of the Monroe Doctrine. The first issue was that in the early 1800’s, Spain’s power over its South and Central American colonies weakened as more and more colonies became independent, some through civil wars. By 1823, the following eight newly formed Latin American countries declared their independence: Buenos Aires, New Granada/Colombia, Chile, Peru, Santo Domingo, the Confederation of Central America, Mexico, and Brazil.
The Monroe Doctrine was the Idea of the fifth president Of the United states James Monroe. It was passed on December 2, 1823, in the 7th annual message to congress. The policy was designed to show the separation of the New World from Europe. The Monroe doctrine stated that the Western Hemisphere could no longer be colonized by European countries and they were independent. It also stated that the United States will not interfere in any business of the Europeans or its European colonies.
In the 20th century, many people have helped the US, of where it is now, and some have made it worse. The Monroe Doctrine was to prevent European countries to intervene conflicts between Latin American countries. The Roosevelt Corollary was an addition to the Monroe Doctrine, created by President Theodore Roosevelt. Roosevelt added this addition in 1904 after the Venezuela crisis.
As the conflict go on between the Soviet Union and the United State, The U.S. reacted with a strategic that could protect and guide those who had Western culture rule in case of an attack from the Soviet Union. Few of the strategies that U.S. created was the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The Truman Doctrine was created to support countries who was struggling against communist insurgents. Truman came up with the plan in March of 1947, after the British government told the United State that they cannot be the watchdog for the Eastern Mediterranean which was consist of Turkey and Greece. " Free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures" (Hamby 27).
It was good in that it kept European countries from continuing to colonize the United States after roughly 1823. In the text, it says, “We conceive the recovery of the colonies by Spain to be hopeless” (Document 2). It is a defining moment in the history of the US foreign policy. The Monroe Doctrine helped to pave the way for continued expansion from the East Coast to the West Coast without the interference of European powers. For instance, in the text it says, “We are, however, by no means disposed to throw away any impediment in the way of an arrangement between them, and the mother country by amicable negotiation” (Document 2).
The Monroe Doctrine was a political doctrine issued in 1823 that addressed European countries. It stated if a European country settled in land located in the western hemisphere, America would declare war. No country, European or other, settled in that land, for none of them wanted to start a brutal war between themselves and America. The reason being America had and still has today, a superb military. This political approach has kept American citizens safer, however technology has also let America take advantage of other
The U.S. refused to consult countries in the regions about their affairs (Paterson 347). As a result, many countries involved in the Spanish-American war formed liberation movements to combat the influence of Spain and the U.S. In conclusion, the U.S. had superimposed its influence over these countries by managing their trade and governmental affairs and created a regional
Foreign Intervention in South American Affairs In the past, the United States of America has inserted itself into foreign affairs, only for negative consequences to occur. In 1823, U.S. president James Monroe introduced the Monroe Doctrine, a statement that aimed to prevent European intervention in New World affairs. (Monroe). However, throughout the centuries afterwards, the Monroe Doctrine has been abused by the United States as an excuse to insert itself into South and Latin American affairs, even though the Doctrine itself does not mention this.
It was Western Europe that was fundamentally important for US national security. The United Kingdom and a number of other European countries have taken active foreign policy steps to intensify US European policy. Europe needed economic assistance and military support. However, such a policy of Europe found understanding within the United States, which resulted in the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan, according to many researchers, is a practical embodiment of the Truman Doctrine.