Jennifer Brooks associates Heart of Darkness with dreams and dream-like imagery through Marlow, Kurtz, and the Congo. The underlying truths for Marlow are repressed by him as his realization of Kurtz’ “Horror” is he is part of it himself. Brooks’ article is filled with associations of Sigmund Freud to the Conrad’s novella in which Marlow’s abstract narrative portrays dream-thoughts as it does in Interpretation of Dreams. Marlow is unable to grasp what he see’s in Africa and describes it in hazy-like imagery to the reader. Though, there is meaning to this dream-like presentation in that it is the truth of the Congo.
Marlow tells his shipmates on the boat (the Nelly) that the natives passed him “within six inches, without a glance, with that complete, deathlike indifference of unhappy savages” (16). Marlow’s story of his experience exhibits how the Europeans captured the natives and forced them to work; to strip their homeland of its resources and natural beauty. When the Europeans colonize Africa, they do not want to help the African people, but exploit them and put them to work for their own desire of obtaining ivory, rubber, and other resources and goods. As the Europeans imperialize the area, they do not build culture or assist in the development of the Congo region, but break down culture as they enslave the natives and take away their rights, along with stripping the area of resources and natural, earthly beauty, which is conveyed through the cruel physical treatment towards the natives. This treatment is also presented through the literary devices that Conrad decides to use to reveal the experiences of the natives to the
Kareem Mansour IB1 HL English Mr. Key Blindness and Lack of Morality Joseph Conrad’s s novel “Heart of Darkness” portrays an abominable image of Africa that is outlined with darkness, gloominess and inhumanity. At Conrad’s time, the idea of exploration and colonization was flourishing. The phenomenon of exploration and expedition of the unknown has influenced Joseph Conrad’s views as he wrote the “Heart of Darkness”. Colonialism was known to be the norm, and not many people saw anything amiss. From a European point of view, the natural next step of any powerful European nation’s political agenda is embarking on voyages of exploration and colonialism.
“The wear and tear of a continent, nearly twice as large as Europe, and rich in vegetable and mineral productions, is much easier conceived than calculated,” states Equiano (199). Africa is a fertile country, but in order to get rid of slavery, he suggests taking advantage of the country’s production. Equiano wrote to his letter to the British in efforts to stop slavery, but suggesting they use Africa’s size and richness to expand their profits does not help the argument against slavery. In actuality, it confirms that the Africans should be used for Britain’s
The natives were being forced into working without pay, they were being controlled, and even killed for not meeting deadlines. The Europeans took their land for resources, markets, power, and money, without considering the Africans needs at all. These conditions are not comparable to those of Caliban and Ariel in The Tempest. Prospero did not want power or money, or even to be on the island on the first place. He treated Caliban fairly, until he tried to rape Miranda.
His family gives him hope, and a reason to live. With Killian’s revelation of the murders of his family, Ben is warped into a sudden “darkness” where he recollects all the beautiful memories of his wife. Thus, King effectively develops the “turning point” for Ben Richards in The Running Man. Ben has become a true, isolated hero, whose “deep” darkness can only result in rage. The true tragedy of Richards is that he is the only, lasting survivor of The Running Man.
‘Heart of Darkness’ was written in 1899 by a Polish novelist Joseph Conrad, about the expedition up the Congo River in the Heart of Africa. This essay will mainly deal with the reference of the ‘darkness’ in the novel and it even deals with the theme which will further support the statement. The idea of ‘darkness’ in ‘Heart of Darkness’ represents evil or dark side of Humanity. It is also related to the idea of colonization, especially when it comes to the idea of mistreatments of people and misuse of natural resources. Throughout the novel, we see Conrad gives us idea about how deceiving one could be.
“He arrives in the Congo in 1959 without any knowledge of the county’s language or the least understanding of the understanding of its culture. He sets out to evangelize his village by insulting its leaders, tries to baptize children in a river he fails to realize is full of crocodiles, and mangles the language so badly he refers to Jesus as ‘poisonwood’, a local plant that causes hives and intense itching.”(Verlyn Klinkenborg 7). Furthermore, he describes Nathan to have effectively “enslaved his household”(Klinkenborg 7) and disciplining his wife into believing any type of misery they suffer is God’s punishment to “failure of virtue”. (Klinkenborg 7). These are only among a few examples are his stupidity throughout the course of the novel.
The narrator kills Doodle indirectly, as a consequence of the lack of knowledge he has about Doodle’s medical issues, and as said before, being enveloped in pride. After Doodle dies alone in the storm, the reader grasps the “true love” the narrator had for him, which he never expressed toward his younger brother. In the closing paragraph, the narrator reveals his “true love” that was hidden inside him, “ I began to weep, and the tear-blurred vision in red before me looked very familiar. ‘Doodle!’ I screamed above the pounding storm and threw my body to the earth above his. For a long long time, it seemed forever, I lay there crying, sheltering my fallen scarlet ibis from the heresy of rain” (604).
The main character, Marlow, in Joseph Conrad’s 1910 novel The Heart of Darkness begins his journey into Africa skeptical of what might occur, but naive to the true horrors that were in stake for the young man. Marlow’s detailed descriptions of the sights and torturous actions towards the natives he witnesses along his journey lead to many literary critics to deem Conrad a racist. One author notorious for calling Joseph Conrad out on his racist remarks is Chinua Achebe who gained fame from his article “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness”. Achebe’s article professes that almost everything within Conrad’s novel is an act of pure racism. This, however, is not the case, as Conrad was just telling the truth of what occurred within Africa during the time of European colonization.
“So times were pleasant for the people there until finally one, a fiend out of hell, began to work his evil in the world” (Beowulf 9).Beowulf defeats the demon Grendel without any weapons showing how strong he is. As Grendel is trying to retreat, Beowulf rips his arm off which is hung in the Mead Hall as a trophy. Grendel withdrew back to his home in the swamps where he dies. In reaction to her son’s death, Grendel’s mother; a woeful monster; seeks revenge. “Grendel’s mother, monstrous hell-bride, brooded on her wrongs” (Beowulf 89).
He saved him- but for what a fate! For if you are what this man says you are, No man living I more wretched than Oedipus (Oedipus scene 4. Antistrophe. Lines 64-68). The shepherd discusses that no other man can have it worse than Oedipus because he accidently completed the prophecy Therefore, Oedipus was so obsessed with finding out the truth of who killed the former king of Thebes, he unfortunately exiled himself because he was Laius killer.
Marlow overhears a man saying that “anything—anything can be done in this country. That’s what I say; nobody here, you understand, here, can endanger your position.” (54), and this fact of Africa proves to be a temptation Kurtz cannot resist. Even Kurtz’s loyal disciple remarks that, “he could be very terrible” (104) and tells of how Kurtz threatened to kill him unless he gave up a small piece of ivory which he had been given as a present. The fact that Kurtz was willing to kill a man over a trivial sum of ivory, when he already had so much of it, demonstrates his immoral tyranny. Kurtz continues to act cruelly as “there was nothing on earth to prevent him from killing whom he jolly well pleased.” (104) and he therefore faced no consequences.