Plebian Revolution Causes

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There are various reasons as to why the Plebian Revolt happened. Economic, social, and political differences between the Plebeians and the Patricians caused a huge rift in the citizens of Rome. It would only be a matter of time before something occurred to spark a revolution on behalf of the Plebeians. I will attempt to explain the differences that lead up to the first revolt, the aftermath of the first revolt, and a modern situation that is similar. The Plebeians were the poor. The farmers, the tradesmen, the average Joe’s, majority. The Patricians were the aristocrats, the wealthy, the minority, the ruling class (). The Patricians would abuse the power they had. They would rent out land that belonged to the state only to other Patricians,…show more content…
During a war, Plebeians would be forced to abandon their farms, or their farms would be sacked by the opposing army. When the war was over, and the Plebeians returned to their farms, they were in ruin. The Plebeians would be forced to borrow money from the Patricians to rebuild their farms. The problem is that the interest on the loan was often too high for the Plebeians to pay back, and the Plebeian would often go deep into debt. The debtor, the Patrician lending the money, could take them to court, get a judge to rule that they must pay them back by becoming their slave, and confiscate the land the Plebeian owned. The Plebeians naturally thought this was unfair, as they were fighting wars for the Patricians, and now that they needed the Patricians help, they would be turned into slaves? This was the final straw for the Plebeians and the starting point for the first Plebeian revolt. The Plebeian revolt was rather anticlimactic. It wasn’t some big battle between Patricians and Plebeians. All the Plebeians did is withdraw from the army and Rome and go camp on a hill (). While this does not sound like much, it left Rome defenseless in a sea of hostile territories just itching to destroy Rome. The Patricians, realizing this, begged the Plebeians to come back. The Plebeians said yes, under the following…show more content…
Everyone who had been sold into slavery because of debt would be freed, and the debts of all of the Plebeians would be forgiven. () The issue of land distribution, while mentioned, would not be solved into the second Plebian revolt. For now, though, the Plebeians would get a relief from some of the injustices they were facing. The first Plebeian revolt would give the Plebeians some grounds of freedom. They have tribunes, which would protect them from unfair laws and rulings of the patricians. They no longer had to worry about becoming slaves because of the debt they had to incur because of Rome’s conquests. They were also given a ruling body, though this ruling body only applied to the Plebeians. Still, they could not intermarry, hold consulship, and the Patricians were still abusing the state’s land. Nevertheless, the Plebeians were better off than when they first started. The first Plebeian revolt could be classified as a success.
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