We all know that understanding a language involves not only knowledge of grammar, phonology, and lexis, but also certain features and characteristics of the culture. Some authors mention different aspects of teaching and learning culture as a basis of learning language and they should be taken into consideration when they are teaching foreign language in order to motivate their students. Besides, culture associations that are part of language, as well as the socio-cultural background of the participants in teaching and learning environment, ultimately affect how and how well the language is learnt. This is due to the fact that a part of foreign language learning is rooted in culturally-influenced use of language and sociolinguistic rules that underlie it, Albertini suggests that an examination of assumption is especially important for teachers of students from non-dominant culture (that is student from non-Eurocentric, non-English background) because their school achievement typically falls below that of dominant culture students. Therefore, here we can have some opinions towards the importance of teaching foreign language culture along with teaching structures.
Later the concept of culture is presented in terms of foreign language teaching, and the popular issue of culture and how to integrate it into language teaching process is discussed in the light of the discussions raised by different researchers. Redefining it with an intercultural perspective has widened the concept of culture. From this perspective, teaching culture in foreign language classrooms is introduced with an intercultural approach. And in this approach intercultural competence is introduced and clarified by explaining its role and aims. Then, the chapter continues focusing on the implications of intercultural competence in language classrooms; specifically by discussing the role of course books in teaching intercultural competence.
Foreign language plays a very important role in one’s culture because when one is intended to learn any language he/she will learn the culture of that language. It means language and culture are interconnected. It is not possible to learn any language without knowing its culture. By learning any foreign language one should first know about target culture. By knowing its culture, it will help in learning foreign language.
This book also deals with that language also helps people to know about the culture they are reading by the gesture of the speech such as their way of approach, point of view as a community and others. In this book, the relationship between language and culture is established through the linguistic reconstruction of intercultural communication. Through this book I get the idea that language also helps to learn culture for different situations. So, both the language and culture are interrelated with each other in terms of learning. Ferraro, Gary P., and Susan Andreatta.
The learners need to be aware, for example, of the culturally appropriate ways to address people, express gratitude, make requests, and agree or disagree with someone. They should know that behavior and intonation patterns that are appropriate in their own speech community may be perceived differently by members of the target language. In addition, culture in language learning is more defined as understanding the meaning pragmatically associated with the cultural context of the language being studied. In this case, Byram and Grundy (2002) argued that culture in language teaching and learning is usually defined pragmatically as a/the culture associated with a language being learnt. On the other hand, Kramsch (1993) pointed out that a foreign culture and one's own culture should be placed together in order for learners to understand a foreign culture.
Learning languages allows enriching life experience, creating new ideas, to exercise the brain, gain benefit from the world's cultural diversity and improve the professional prospects considerably. Nowadays, many people are becoming aware of learning a second language because is required to have the ability of using a second language in any place. Learning a second language is necessary and has a vital importance for three main reasons. First of all, people who learn a second
So, in order to be successful in learning, we have to understand and know the target culture. The aim of this article is to give necessary information about relationship between language and culture in learning the second language by given examples. Key Words: Culture, Teaching Second Language, Cultural Awareness Introduction In learning second language, the first thing which comes to our minds is structural or linguistics forms of the language. We start learning by rules, syntax, and
This will help children to relate and understand better of the new language. For example, teacher builds the concepts of new languages (Mandarin/Malay) based on children’s existing knowledge of the first language (English) in order to teach numbers, colours and animals. Last but not least, language awareness can be fostered by implementing these activities because according to social-cultural theory, language, interaction and culture are interrelated (Laoire 2014). These activities have emphasized the importance of language, interaction and culture. For example, the children get to talk about their own cultures in the activity of music and movement.
From their accent, to their vocabulary and their discourse pattern, speakers identify themselves with members of that linguistic community. In the face of the ingrained belief that one language equals one culture, individuals assume several collective identities; from where you live, to languages you speak, groups you’re a part of, etc. Identity is constantly growing and changing as the individual progresses through life. (Claire Kramsch) During the late 18th century scholars like Johann Herder and Wilhelm von Humboldt put forward the idea that “different people speak differently because they think differently, and that they think differently because their language offers them different ways of expressing the world around them.” (Claire Kramsch) This leads us into the next point about Sapir-Whorf and linguistic
In addition, learning language also helps learners are able to express ideas and feelings, participate in society, and use an analytical and imaginative ability that was in theirs. According to Crystal (2001: 1) said that English is a global language. It means that English is used by people in all over the world as a medium of communication. In addition, Crystal (1997) stated that the English language spread and used nearly a quarter