It was made up of 10 cohorts (About 480-500 men each), which there were 4 cohorts in the front lines and the rest in the second and third lines. The Roman Legion was a powerful tactic, as for it destroyed almost every Phalanx tactic known, and it was very good at attack and defense within the Legion(s). The Legion consisted of enough men that it could be helpful on both flat and rocky terrain. It is very open to arrows and flammable items, but defended almost everything else. The Roman Legion was very powerful, but was defenseless to big attacks, such as a war elephant or catapults.
A successful empire needed a military group to expand and defend against marauders. Without the strong military group, the expansion of an empire wouldn’t be possible. When the military warriors decided to leave their armor behind, it represented their lost determination to win battles for the Roman Empire. Therefore, the Roman Army played an important role in sustaining the Roman Empire. Because of their foolish choice to no longer be determined to protect and save the lives of others by giving up their breastplates and helmets greatly damaged the Roman Empire’s strength and changed many invaders’ perspectives and viewpoints encouraging them to contribute to the fall of Rome.
Ancient Rome was one of the largest empires in the ancient world, it expanded all throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Ancient Rome was gradually built up through four expansions until they had conquered all the land surrounding Rome, they were stable for many years in a time period called the Pax Romana, the time of Roman peace. The large empire then gradually lost all of its power and split into many different sections. The primary reasons for the fall of the Roman empire were political instability, social issues, and weakening borders. One reason for the fall of the Roman empire was political instability.
How did Latin outlive the Roman Empire? Rome’s fascinating history from a small city-state to the vast Roman Empire covering Europe and parts of Africa and Asia is amazing. From its 1,000 year history, the Roman Empire has contributed many magnificent achievements that are still appreciated today. For example, architectural wonders like the aqueducts and the Coliseum can still be seen today and ideas of legal rights for the protection of property and individual rights exist in our legal system. The biggest legacy the Roman’s left was the Latin language.
This is due to the fact that both of them are one of the most popular cultures giving high value to horses, and using them for war. The Greeks and Romans are known to have won battles because of the use of horses, thus making them symbols of war. According to Anglefire, "One major advantage was mobility. Moving an army of men on horseback is much faster than moving men on foot. Another advantage was the intimidation factor.
The ancient Western world was impacted by many prominent individuals, who helped shape Western Civilization to great lengths. One such prominent figure was Julius Caesar (100 BC-44 BC). A Roman statesman, an army general and an illustrious author, Caesar had massive influence on Rome. As the last leader of the Roman Republic; he combined physical power with mental power to rule over Rome, albeit for a relatively short time, greatly impacting events that culminated in the Roman Republic’s demise and the ushering in of the vast Roman Empire. Caesar’s broad knowledge in political matters and military strategy enabled him to become a great leader, leaving a lasting legacy for Rome.
Cyrus II was the more effective emperor in military achievements, because he greatly expanded the Persian Empire by conquering many lands, and kept people from rebelling in these conquered kingdoms with leniency and wisdom. Cyrus ruled from 558-529 BCE, and was “the founder of the great Persian Empire.” First, Cyrus vastly expanded the empire by defeating his three biggest rivals: Medea, Lydia, and Babylon. There was a balance of power between these four kingdoms that prevented one from dominating and defeating the rest. Cyrus broke this. He conquered Medea in 550 BCE, 9 years after he began his reign.
First of all the Roman People did not want to serve in the military. They were used to the lavish lifestyle that the Roman people enjoyed (class notes). In order to fill this hole in the Roman Army they had to hire German Mercenaries. The loyalty of these mercenaries was questionable since they did not pledge allegiance to the Emperor (class notes). “The Roman Army was composed entirely of Germans” but the worst part was that the army could not even defend their own territory (DBQ, Doc.
For starters, he is the reason the Roman Republic fell and the Roman Empire rose. Despite the rise of the empire was a relatively good geographical outcome, the fact that it was governed by a dictatorship, created a few problems. One being that most Romans were not in favor of a monarchical life. But, when he came into power the first thing that he did was make extreme cutbacks on the Senate. This can also be a result of his power thirst.