Essay On The Sahara Desert

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The Sahara desert is the largest desert in the world. It is covered in marginal land and suffers from drought. The majority of the people who live in the Sahara are nomads, they continuously move from place to place in search of better living conditions. They travel by foot or camel and work as traders. Life in the Sahara is not easy. This paper will inform you about the difficulties of adapting to the Desert, Oasis and Sahel environments of the Sahara.

Normally, when someone talks about the Sahara desert, people picture a vast sea of sand. But there is more to it than that. The Sahara has three main types of landforms. They are ergs, regs, and hamadas. Ergs are huge seas of sand with tall sand dunes that can reach over 400 feet. Regs are gravel-covered plains. Hammadas are high, rock-covered flatlands that are sometimes so tall that maps show them as mountains. Water is scarce in this desert. Only two rivers flow through the Sahara: the Nile and the Niger. The water in both of these rivers comes from mountains outside the desert. Temperatures here vary between day and night. Daytime temperatures are sometimes higher than 100 'F. At night, temperatures may drop to below freezing. Sandstorms can begin when strong winds pick up clouds of
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Life there is not easy. People were faced with many challenges but over the years, they have adapted in more ways than one. The Tuareg wear loose and long clothing that protects them from the sun. They also use the stars and local landmarks to find their way which makes it so they can travel at night when it is cool. Homes in the Sahara oases are built out of mud bricks to keep out the heat. Oases farmers use windbreaks to protect their crops from the unyielding winds of the Sahara. Sahel farmers plant millet and sorghum on the marginal land. Sahel farmers also used shifting agriculture. These adaptations are only a few of the many ways that people in the Sahara have adapted to
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