Killer whales were initially captured in the 1960s, when a female orca was captured and put into a tank. Two days into the female orca's stay she repeatedly bashed her head against her tank wall and perished the following day. Unfortunately, people did not heed or take any precautions from this traumatic incident and since then killer whales all over the world have been captured for entertainment purposes and have been stored in facilities such as SeaWorld. From these types of facilities incidents continue to happen such as killer whales killing their trainers, killing themselves, dying due to medical conditions, and more. Continuous accidents such as these have caused suspicion among the public of whether killer whales live healthy and prosperous lives in captivity and brings up the concern of ethicality.
Killer whales have no choice but to perform all day. “In his first home, Sealand in British Columbia, he was trained with other whales using punishment: if he mess up a trick, they’d all have their food withheld” (Lewis Helen). Other killer whales began a strong dislike at this and would scratch them with their teeth so hard he would bleed. They are forced to do tricks for people and they get frustrated because there enclosures are nothing compared to the wild.
Aside from the otters, dolphins, and seals there are Shamus that are being taken out of their natural habitats. When this happens it causes unnecessary mental stress which can cause deaths of Shamus or trainers. For example, a notorious Shamu named Tilikum just recently died in captivity January 6, 2017. Tilikum was involved in the death of three people: a trainer at the now-defunct Sealand of the Pacific, a man trespassing in SeaWorld Orlando, and a Seaworld Orlando trainer. This is what happens when animals are held in a small confined area.
Marine parks in the country like SeaWorld, have orcas in tanks that they live in captivity. They use most of the killer whales for their performances in the pool. We all know that orcas are social, and intelligent creatures, that live in the oceans of the earth. We also know that many scientist are trying to study these animals in captivity where they are in tankes. I think Killer Whales should not be in captivity because, of the injures they can get in their tanks, how they get stressed out and they are better in the wild.
“Tilikum” SeaWorld 's largest orca, is responsible for the deaths of three trainers, which all three deaths could have been prevented if SeaWorld would have recognized the behavior change in Tilikum. The most recent death to occur was Dawn Brancheau, where Tilikum “scalped and dismembered Dawn as well as breaking bones throughout her body before drowning her.” (Prothero) Since Tilikum was the biggest orca in captivity, he need the most space which led to SeaWorld isolating Tilikum into his own tank. This may have looked like a great idea on paper but because of his isolation Tilikum was literally going psychotic. “Stress of captivity drives Tilikum to exhibit abnormal repetitive behavior, including chewing on metal gates and the concrete sides of his tank—so much so that the most of his teeth are completely worn down.”
The only whales that should be kept in captivity are injured whales; whales that would never make it on their own. There are some rare instances when they need humans to survive. “Springer was an immature and sickly killer whale who lost her pod in 2002 and began to associate with humans in Puget Sound near Vancouver” (“What to do about a killer whale”). Springer was “nursed back to health and returned to the wild quickly” (“What to do about a killer whale”). If a whale needs help, then humans should do everything they can to get them healthy again and nothing more.
Furthermore, this can be the cause of all the incidence including to what happened to Dawn Brancheau who was completely mutilated by a whale. Despite the interview with a former trainer, from a document which was published after the release of Blackfish by SeaWorld to object
Therefore, if release is not possible, it is tempting say that the killer whales remaining in captivity should be protected and put in better tanks and that they should not be forced to perform. This would still, however, violate the five freedoms under the animal welfare act. Thus, the only other option when release is not possible, is humane euthanasia. This would clearly not go well with the public, as they would just see the overriding organization that put the act into motion as heartless murderers, when in reality, they would be trying to do what is best for the killer whales. Furthermore, I feel that an animal welfare act should be declared to prevent further capture of killer
It 's clear that the living conditions that these animals are forced to live in are just plain unethical, but something even worse is the relationship between animals in captivity and a spike in their stress levels. “It 's irrefutable that many zoos drive animals insane -- and if that isn 't cruel, I don 't know what is” (Masci) For starters, SeaWorld is one of the most notorious places in the world accused of stressing out their animals. Since the tanks are so small the whales tend to get very stressed out, and some former workers even say that the whales seem to go psychotic. “ If you were on a bathtub for 25 years, don 't you think you get a little irritated, aggravated, maybe a little psychotic ” (“Blackfish”)? A clear example is when one of the
Famous Orca whales such as Tilikum and Shamu were not magically acquired out of thin air. In fact, SeaWorld bought Tilikum from Sealand even though he killed his trainer, but before that Tilikum was captured after being forcefully separated from his family. Shamu was also captured in the wild, separated from its family, and shipped thousands of miles away to SeaWorld. These Orca whales are not kindly taken from their families. Humans cannot speak their language, so the capturers could not ask the family for permission to take the calf.
SeaWorld Entertainment has had a rough year in the wake of Blackfish, the explosive 2013 documentary about its killer whales, most notably Tilikum, a 12,500-pound male who has fatally attacked two trainers. The film sparked protests at SeaWorld’s three marine parks and attendance has been steadily
In 2013, Gabriela Cowperthwaite directed the documentary Blackfish. This documentary is about Tilikum, an orca from SeaWorld that has taken the lives of many trainers. The documentary makes the claim that orcas should be freed from captivity. While in captivity they are causing harm to both themselves, humans, and the other orcas. Blackfish is a great example of an argument that can be rhetorically analyzed because it has pathos, ethos, and logos.
Each animal enclosure needs to be updated to meet the specific necessities of each animal. One risk posed by the current habitat for killer whales, is how long these animals spend at the surface in captivity. The whales can become sun burned and two killer whales have died from being bitten by a mosquito (Lewis, 2013). This is unheard of in the wild because the killer whales are able to swim away from pests such as mosquitos. By having larger and deeper habitats, killer whales could swim away or dive deep to
Every day animals are being forced to entertain the public. 62 orcas have died at SeaWorld for the entertainment of selfish people (Krushel n.p). Colin Bairone one of Tilikum’s old trainers said, “I think everyone has a better understanding of the natural world and the intelligence and social infrastructure of these amazing animals and that concrete pools are not a place for them to be,” (Baker n.p). Not only do animals die for the entertainment of the people, they often become depressed. Frequently animals become mentally disturbed, frustrated,