The goal of dentistry is to replace missing teeth to restore masticatory function and aesthetics. Treatment of such situation is either removable prostheses or a fixed bridge framework, which not only cause discomfort to the patient but also involves the preparation of one or more healthy teeth.1 Autotransplantation involves the transfer of tooth from one portion of alveolus to another site in the same individual. This site may be either an extraction site or a fresh surgically prepared alveolar segment.2 A tooth germ with early Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath (HERS) formation can be successfully transplanted if it is well placed in the bony socket and wrapped with soft tissue.3 A successful outcome of a transplanted tooth provides improved
DISCUSSION: The most commonly used cells in regenerative therapy via stem cells are the mesenchymal stem cells, these cells are non hematopoietic, multipotent cells in nature that possess the ability to proliferate rapidly and can be differentiated into a range of types of cells that comprise various tissues. These cells were first discovered 48 years ago, by Dr Friedenstein and his team; they identified and demonstrated specific properties in these cells such as: their morphology is like fibroblastic cell, they posses the ability to grow on tissue-culture surfaces, and are Osteogenic dominance in nature. These cells are multipotent in nature and can be differentiated to neuroblasts, osteoblasts, cartilage, and muscle, endothelial and adipose cells. The availability and the source of Mesenchymal stem cells are commonly found in dental pulp tissue, periodontal
Making a Difference in My Community What are your long-term personal and education goals? How has knowledge or awareness of your own culture and other cultures affected your understanding of yourself? What key experiences with your own and/or other cultures influenced your goals and your interactions with others? Please provide specific examples. How do you plan to use your college education to make a difference in your community?
Regenerative medicine refers to the repair of, or the replacement of organs, cells and tissues in a human system. This will be done to tissues, cells or organs that have been damaged by disease, trauma or being damaged over extended periods of time. There are several ways to repair the organs, tissues or cells but the most promising way of doing this is with stem cell therapy. Regeneration and therefore revitalisation of these organs, tissues or cells can and should be done as they get worn-out, using stem cell therapy to carry out the restoration. The definition of worn-out is: damaged to the point of no longer being usable.
Common procedures performed by hygienists include scaling and root planing for patients with periodontitis, applying dental sealants, administration of fluoride, and providing instruction for correct oral hygiene and care. Scaling and root planing, also called conventional periodontal therapy, non-surgical periodontal therapy, deep cleaning, or dental prophylaxis, is the process of removing the etiological agents that cause periodontitis. That is, dental plaque and calculus (tartar). Figure 41 shows dental calculus on the posterior surface of the lower incisors. Dental plaque is a pale yellow film that develops on the teeth surfaces.
HEMISECTION AND BICUSPIDIZATION – A REVIEW ARTICLE Latest advances in dentistry has become a boon to patients to maintain a functional dentition for a lifetime. Retaining a teeth may involve combining restorative dentistry, endodontics and periodontics so that the teeth are retained in whole or in part. Thus tooth resection procedures are used to preserve as much tooth structure as possible rather than sacrificing the whole tooth. (1)(2) The term tooth resection denotes the excision and removal of any segment of the tooth or a root with or without its accompanying crown portion. Various resection procedures described are : root amputation, hemisection, radisection and bisection.
Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are an interdisciplinary field that aims to maintain, repair or improve tissue functions that are defective or lost by Disease, injury and trauma, either by developing biological substitutes or by reconstructing tissues. Tissue autografting and allografting are commonly approaches that have used for replacing damaged or diseased tissue. Nevertheless, these approaches have faced with several drawbacks. Tissue engineering involves three key factors: scaffold, signaling molecules and cell culture. The development of scaffolds are the main areas of biomaterials research, and they play a pivotal role in tissue regeneration and repair.
Unfortunately, the traditional treatments often accompanied with some disadvantages such as donor site morbidity, risk of disease transmission, limited long-term function recovery, high failure rates and risk of injury recurrence. Therefore, tissue engineering provides an alternative in the treatment for repair or replacement of damaged tendon. The use of adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with scaffolds and bioactive molecules are the most typically used candidates for the regeneration of
This process is considered as a preliminary treatment. This process removes extensive plaque and tartar buildup which often form due to irregular teeth cleaning habits and skipping yearly checkups. Due to the thick deposits, diagnosing gum diseases, tooth decay or infections become quite difficult for dentists. Essentially, it is a beginning procedure which is combined with some additional procedures to have healthy teeth. Why Debridement is Preliminary treatment?
In fact, education helps one become a helpful member of society. An educated member definitely has a greater chance to contribute to their community. Education helps an individual become an active member of society and participate in ongoing changes and developments. Throughout history, different generation have impacted the world due to the importance of education shaping society. Society and education are closely bound units and consequently cannot be separated from each other.