it is predicted that the urban area of the city will reach 41051 hectares in 2020. Furthermore, if the annual growth rate remains at 8,1%, the urban area will reach 74179.8 hectares in 2030” (Ascoura). The data facts and estimations show the size and population of Mecca are rapidly increasing from the year 1995. With more people going to pilgrimage and the urban growth of Mecca each year, more businesses involved with pilgrimage and local people in Mecca will continue to earn money by opening restaurant and hotels. Local people in Mecca can also make money by starting currancy exchange and retail shop businesses (“The Economics of the Saudi Pilgrimage Season”).
“Tourism is now the largest industry in the world by virtually an economic measure, including gross output, value added, employment, capital investment and tax contributions.”(Wheatcroft,1994).Tourists can be defined as people who travel to and stay in places outside their usual surroundings for more than twenty-four hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes by the World Tourism Organization. Tourism industry is the idea of attracting, accommodating, and pleasing groups or individual travelling for pleasure or business. For example hotels, restaurants, and tour guides. Five sectors in tourism industry, which is including accommodation, food & beverage services, recreation & entertainment, transportation and travel services. The relationship between Hospitality and Tourism, Tourism and hospitality help each other, the hospitality industry offer services like accommodation, transportation, food and beverage, recreation and leisure.