Essay On Tourism Theories

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Different theories have been used in the area of tourism. Most of these are available in this area are particularly with regard to development. The theoretical framework is a logical requirement for any research work. Theoretically tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes. In the early period itself the tourism researchers focused on different approaches like Innovation theory, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory, Contingent Valuation, Leisure Ladder Model, Veblen Effect etc. In Schumpeter’s theory “innovation means improvement in the existing services, introduction of new services and opening up of new markets”. In tourism we can consider innovation as advancements that could reduce spending by changing manufacturing process and the development of novel business paths, arrangements and ICT based advancements in allocation and promotion (e-tourism). According to Maslow “all human needs can be…show more content…
Dependency theory emerges as a critique of modernisation paradigm. Based on the Marxist principle, dependency theory deals that economies of one group of countries are conditioned by the development and expansion of others. So the aim of wealthy industrial economies is to encourage developing economies to grow in the way of these developments are beneficial to the wealthy countries. For this wealthy economies definitely utilise their technological, political and financial advantages. The dependency theory analysed the unequal and exploitative relationship between different areas and examined the inequality in terms of exchange
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