There are a lot of road accidents occurring every day. Consequently, road accidents can cause loss of life and personal and public properties. Association for Safe International Road Travel reported that “nearly 1.3 million people die in road crashes each year, on average 3,287 deaths a day. More than half of all road traffic deaths occur among young adults aged 15-44.” Road accidents lead to many problems and need to be solved through driving disciplines, weather awareness, and government assistance by providing knowledge about safe driving on the road. The first solution to reduce road accidents is driving disciplines.
Traffic signals are control devices which could alternately direct the traffic to stop and proceed at intersection using red and green traffic light signals automatically. The main requirement of traffic signals are to draw attention, provide meaning and time response and to have minimum waste of time. 2.3.1. Traffic Signal Characteristics Modern traffic signals allocate time in several varieties of ways, from the simplest two-phase pre-timed mode to the most complex multiphase actuated mode. There are three types of traffic signal controllers.
Topic: Reckless Driving: A Tragic Tale Introduction The number of road accident victims have been increasing at an alarming rate, and rash driving has been recognized as a major health problem in the Gulf Cooperation Countries (GCC). This can be partly attributed to the economical boom in the region that has given its youth a tremendous purchasing power and an opulent lifestyle. This can be further attributed to advancements in technologies and amenities. The new found luxurious lifestyle is also leading to a rise in reckless behavior, which also involves rash driving and a decreased law abiding attitude of the citizens (Bener & Kundall, 2005). 712 people were killed in road traffic accidents in 2014, as reported by the Ministry of Interior Statistics (Road Crashes Statistics Report, 2014).
These benefits involve: • Reduces speed - When designed and installed properly, the speed humps prove to be an effective measure to limit the speed of the vehicles, thereby achieving an organized traffic. • Diverts traffic to other streets - As the speed humps prove to be speed breakers, the motorists tend to take another route, diverting the traffic and maintaining the traffic balance as a whole. • Effective for residential areas - Speed humps provide a better quality of life for residents as it promotes active and safe traffic. • Promotes organized traffic - This is inter-related, speed humps reduces speed and thereby, helps in attaining a properly managed and organized traffic. • Provides safety to the pedestrians - The organized traffic will automatically increase the safety of the pedestrians as they will be able to walk without any tension of colliding with the vehicles.
The subgrade strength can be assessed by doing soil analysis, DCP tests, CBR tests, deflection tests, coring, etc. These tests will help assess the subgrade and verify its resilient modulus. The third study is the focussed on traffic loading. The number of wheel loads and its collective illustration is translated into a single number which is the equivalent single axle load (ESAL). The ESAL is hence thought to be an illustration of what traffic loading should be in extreme traffic conditions.
Right before this invention of traffic light, as we can imagine the roads were pretty chaotic. One of the crucial role of traffic light is it is designed to ensure a proper or an orderly flow of traffic as it wants to avoid any incidents or crashes that could happen. There might still be the incidents occur but literally, the chances of any crashes might happen could get any lower. It also provides an opportunity for any pedestrians or vehicles to cross to an intersection. This helps to minimize the number of conflicts between the interchanges from different kind of directions.
Drunk driving, or officially driving under the Influence (DUI) of alcohol, is a major cause of traffic accidents throughout the world. A report of Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of India says during the year 2011, there were around 4.98 lakh road accidents, which killed 1.42 lakh people and injured more than 5 lakh persons, many of them are disabled for rest of their lives. Crashes due to drunk driving are serious danger not only to the drivers themselves but also to the public present on the road. Drivers under the influence of alcohol show a marked decline of perception, recognition, and controlling of vehicle, so they tend to make certain types of dangerous moves. We propose a highly efficient system aimed at early detection
Introduction Its been a fact that for the longest time, risky driver behaviours such as speeding and drinking while driving continue to represent significant contributors to major road accident, reflecting the perennial involvement of road user behaviour in road traffic injury. However, with the advent of new technology such as smarphone and new short-system message apps that grew with it, a new threat toward drivers came to existence which we all known as texting while driving. Texting while driving is a driving behaviour that has significantly contribute toward the result in distraction and carelesness while driving. There is been several effort by the government to help reduce the exponentially increase of bad behavior while driving. Whilst there is a growing body of evidence that traffic law enforcement programs, such as roadblock and speed cameras, are effective in reducing illegal high-risk behaviours (Cameron, Cavallo & Gilbert, 1992; Homel, 1988), mass media advertising plays an important role in addressing these
Now a day’s road accident is a major problem all over the world. The recent report says that annual average of 700,000 road accidents, 10 percentages occur in India which has overtaken China. The latest annual statistics revealed by the World Health organization (WHO) in its first Global status report on road safety, 80,000 people are killed on Indian roads due to speeding, less usage of helmets, seat belts and child restraints in vehicles. So we think one project which is related to accident. We know that when we are driving we wear helmet for our safety What you think helmet give safety?
In this study it shown that side friction may reduce free-flow speed on two lane two-way interurban roads with up to 16 km/h, and capacity with up to 20 per cent in comparison with very low friction conditions. In this study the impacts of side friction was taken into account in geometric design analysis as well as in pavement management analysis for many countries in Asia and elsewhere. The study from Indonesia (IHCM) has shown how side friction effects can be incorporated in general speed-flow models for different road types in urban as well as interurban areas. This study also identified significant effects of the geometric factor, traffic and environmental factors on the capacity and sped flow relationship on Indonesian urban/suburban road links The HDM-Q model also has this capability, and can already in its present version be calibrated to model most of the factors identified in IHCM with a certain amount of "manipulation". A number of suggestions have however been made for revision of the HDM-Q model, which would improve its speed prediction capability and make it easier to calibrate for local conditions.