Sociology Project Topic: Traffic Congestion Supervisor: Sir M. Kamil Group Members: BILAL ANWAR, AQSA HUSSAIN, AREEJ ZAHID, NOOR UN NISA Department: Bachelor Of Business Administration TRAFFIC CONGESTION Traffic congestion is a condition on road networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times. • Congestion is a situation in which demand for road space exceeds supply. • When traffic demand is great enough that the interaction between vehicles slows the speed of the traffic stream, this results in some congestion. SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS TOPIC • It is understandable that many people consider
TRAFFIC CONGESTION PROBLEMS IN KISUMU INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND Traffic congestion is a condition on transport networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by slower speeds, longer trip times, and increased vehicular queueing. When traffic demand is great enough that the interaction between vehicles slows the speed of the traffic stream, this results in some congestion. Most highways merge at some sections especially when entering a city or a town. Some also, with several number of lanes, narrows down due to infrastructure or land topology. This lead to vehicles slowing down and as a result traffic congestion situation is created.
Traffic congestion is a condition on convey networks that occurs as use increases, and is characterized by more gradual speeds, longer trip times, and incremented vehicular queueing. The most mundane example is the physical utilization of roads by conveyances. When traffic demand is great enough that the interaction between conveyances slows the haste of the traffic stream, this results in some congestion. As demand approaches the capacity of a road (or of the intersections along the road), extreme traffic congestion sets in. When conveyances are plenarily ceased for periods of time, this is colloquially kenned as a traffic jam or traffic snarl-up.
Effective Ways to Solve Traffic Jam Traffic jam or traffic congestion is a serious issue which occurs in metropolitan cities. Traffic jam is a condition where the vehicles in a road are blocked because of several reasons which cause the vehicles standstill or cannot move for several periods of time. Meanwhile, traffic congestion is a condition when a number of vehicles are blocking one another, forming a long line, and scarcely move on the road. However, the terms of traffic jam and traffic congestion are often blended nowadays. The congestion might happen in short or long period of time depending on how serious the main problem is.
Many studies have been indited on the economic costs of congested traffic, and they customarily consider such factors such as cost of traffic value of time lost due to delay, fuel prices, conveyance operating costs, effects on health, and greenhouse gas emissions (Traffic Problems in the Philippines and Proposed Solutions, 2014). Congestion is a real social crisis that needs to be resolute because of its severe effects. In a nutshell, it isolates people from their diverse activities such as business,
Traffic is the flow of cars and other land transportation vehicles, may it be a public, private or government-owned, in the road. If there is heavy traffic then it means that there are many vehicles on the road and it is hard to move and traverse. Traffic is a major problem in various places around the world and this obviously includes the Philippines and it is truly prevalent in our capital, Manila. In our locality, this problem is also very much prevalent in the municipality of Daraga. Most people suffer from everyday traffic problems and this problem has different effects to each individual.
The rate of growth and development in Malaysia has affected the transport system, especially the public transport system. Public transport refers to public service vehicles used to transport passengers who pay a certain amount as a fare for travel (Ibrahim Wahab, 1991). The public transport vehicles are owned or maintained by public bodies or private parties which are aimed at providing social services in addition to profit. The problem of public transport in Malaysia has now reached to a serious stage due to inefficient of public transport services. The increasingly active car users around the cities has led to the increased accessibility problems such as traffic jams and parking problems.
The review of related of this study identifies how traffic congestion is formed and what are its contributing factors. Traffic jams refer to the delay caused by dealing between vehicles on a freeway, specifically as traffic volumes approach a highway 's cubage as stated by Litman (2015). The streets of most cities and even the secondary roads are often clogged and the matters of traffic congestion became so severe that the economy is affected. According to Macairan (2015), there is horrible traffic on the highways. One contributing factor is corruption, it 's probably even worse than misconduct as stated by Liquicia (2010).
MANAGING TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN RATHNAPURA TOWN AREA Background Transport problem that currently experienced by the city of Rathnapura, due to the increment of the traffic congestion from the large number of vehicles. The development of urban area creates complex problems in daily life with traffic. Heavy traffic congestion occurs during school-opening hours especially between 7.30a.m - 8.30a.m followed by office traffic between 7.00a.m and 9.00a.m. In the closing times of school and office are the same sort of traffic congestion is occurred; time between 1.30p.m-2.30p.m and 5.00p.m- 7.00p.m for the office-closing hours. These causes cannot be ended only by applying physical constructions.