The greatest slave trade stage was enslaved people transportation from West and central Africa to the New World- America. The trans-Atlantic slave trade was the largest forced movement and prior from the 16th through the 19th centuries. The salve trade between Western and Central Africa and the America reached its peak in the middle of 18th century when over 80.000 Africans annually crossed the Atlantic to spend all their rest of lives in chains. “For three centuries the white man seized and enslaved millions of Africans and transported them, with every circumstance of ferocious cruelty, across the seas.” (Morel.1903) Approximately from the 10 to 12 million Africans from the central and western parts of continent were sold by others Africans
The first major group of European dealers in West Africa was the Portuguese, followed by the British and the French.”African sellers often kidnapped slaves and brought them to markets on the coast. At these markets, European and American purchasers traded materials such as cloth, iron, guns, alcohol, and decorative items that were helpful to the merchants in turn for purchasing slaves. Most frequently, slave sellers were found to be men, and they used their expanded wealth to improve their prestige. They used this to their advantage to contact themselves, through marriage, to other wealthy families in their kingdom. The Africans who were enslaved were generally prisoners of war or captives from slave raids.
Not all African societies were equally affected, but countries such as Angola and Senegal suffered heavily (SAHO, s.a.). The most important consequences of the Atlantic slave trade were demographic, economic, and political (SAHO, s.a.). There can be no doubt that the Atlantic slave trade greatly retarded African demographic development, a fact that was to have lasting consequences for the history of the continent (SAHO, s.a.). At best, African populations remained stagnant (SAHO, s.a.). The export of the most economically active men and women led to the disintegration of entire societies (SAHO, s.a.).
Between the 300 Years of 1500 and 1800’s European nations traded slaves, gold and ivory throughout the west coast of Africa. It changed when I the 1800’s people moved into central Africa and by the 1880’s Africa was being attacked by almost all of the world's nations. So what was the driving force behind imperialism in Africa. It was all made up from economics, morality and revolution. Out of economics morality and revolution economics is a very important one.
Expansion of slave trade was caused by the high demand for cash crops like tobacco and sugar. American colonies were in need of a cheap labor force and saw Africans as fit for the job since there were so many of them. Indentured servitude was just not working for the colonies because of the intense work needed to be done to farm cash crops. Another cause and effect argument Nash uses is that the English entry into the slave trade business allowed southern plantation owners to buy slaves more and for cheaper than ever before. But how did all these slaves get to the colonies?
Most of the Europeans countries that have been listed above have a business relationships with the Africans when they are transporting goods or exploiting slaves back then. Also, this can even proves that African have started becoming slaves due to the influence of the business relationships that they had with another countries. The story goes when they started to establish hundred of forts at some specific stations along the Africa's West Coast. Besides that, there are 150 per cent of slaves were been taken as a prisoners to join the tribal war in their kingdom and another 30 per cent of them have to receive some punishment for committing an illegal crime .At the same time, they were kidnapped by the Black Trader and was sent to a costal
Transatlantic slave trade was in operation from 14th century though 19th centuries. In this paper, the writer will do an overview of slavery and its form in Africa with a particular focus on West Africa. The history of slave trade which was believed to have been made popular by the transatlantic slave trade will also be looked into after which slave trade and Christian mission will be put together and the effects of slave trade on Christian missions shall be highlighted. The slave masters did lot of things to the slaves that are so painful, some slave’s fingers, lips and tongues were cut. Some of them were killed and other buried alive.
The country and the economy have collapsed as soon as Slavery was abolished in 1865. Many people have lost their lives during this history period and different events arouse. The country on the other hand has successfully reconstructed over the years even though it faced a tremendous situation due to the immeasurable debt and the violent war, riots and rebellions. Unfortunately, the Ku Klux Klan and the new types of discrimination have negatively impacted the country since many have been killed and tortured. Similarly, the migration patterns have led to the creation of a new race, the Afro Americans who in the end have aroused to power and still nowadays are fighting for their
Approximately 12 million Africans were traded across the Atlantic, however, the number of slaves originally bought was much higher. The passage from Africa to North America had a very high mortality rate. () If Africans reached their destinations alive, they were used to fulfil a labor shortage in the new American colonies. Because many crops could not be grown in Europe, agriculture was a necessary industry in the colonies, and this required more labor than the colonists could supply. Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships.
One of the other causes for the fall of Rome was the slave labour. The number of slaves increased considerably in the first 2 centuries of the Empire. The Roman's dependence on slave labour led not only to the decline in morals, values and beliefs but also to the temporary stop of any new technology. Romans could rely on the slave labour for all their needs but this reliance inhibited technological transform and development. The poor treatment of slaves led to several Servile (Slave) Wars.
As slaves began escaping laws and punishments only became crueler, all in order to maintain economic stability through the abuse of slave labor. Beginning in 1607, slavery arose as indentured servitude ended, as it was full of too many complications. Bacon’s rebellion proved that free labor is successful, as long as I was purely free and not reliant on the promise of land in the end. The accessibility and legality of slavery made it the perfect economical move to maintain the prospering cash crops of the North American colonies. Slavery seemed like the best option for the colonies in the 17th century, but the issues of differing human morality will begin to rise and trigger the civil
(Forced Crossings) There was always a need for more slaves due to all of the work that the Europeans had.“Therefore, natural increase amount slaves were not enough even to maintain, let alone increase, the slave population and to keep up with the increasing demand for labor” (Forced Crossings). As a result, the slave trade reshaped the Africans way of life to a substandard level as they were forced into taxing work that ultimately changed their way of living, humanity and acceptance into