World History SEEK PAPER BJ Kim 9cc Question: What are the advantages and disadvantages of Atlantic slave trade?q 10 to 16 million Africans were victims of Trans-Atlantic Slave trade. This is the same amount of people living in Portugal and Ecuador. Many people had their rights deprived by the Atlantic Slave trade and this happened only about 200 years ago. The victims of African slave trade, were maltreated as products in new world (Americas) and most of them were not able to get back to their home. Even though the Atlantic slave trade somewhat had positive parts especially in Europe, it had much more negative outcomes on Africa like violation of human rights of the slaves, and weakened the African nations.
The Spanish were the first to use African slaves in the New World on islands such as Cuba and Hispaniola with the first African slaves arriving in Hispaniola in 1501. By 1750, slavery was established as a legal institution in all of the 13 colonies and contributed to almost five percent of the England 's revenues. The enslavement of humans and the denial of basic human rights to slaves has been the basis of several wars such as the Haitian revolution, the American Civil War and numerous slave rebellions in America. The main reason behind the American Civil War was, indeed, slavery. The Republican Party in America was determined to end slavery, whereas many leaders in the Southern states wanted slavery to continue or they threatened to secede from the Union.
Since the Chattel slavery has to do with slaves becoming personal property, the way that people of color were kidnapped and treated, they were bought, sold and traded at their owner’s expense. This is what is known as Chattel Slavery and since the Atlantic Slave Trade was done in such a brutal manner due to the way the black people were taken from their homes and separated from their families forever. Chattel Slavery will always be known as a form of slavery that relates to all the types of brutalities that the black people were condemned to suffer for many years. Even though at the beginning the slavery, this type of system was something that was not correct and legal, many people went ahead and decided to start the Chattel Slavery trade, even if many people did not know about it. Unfortunately for many blacks who became slaves, they were traded as merchandise for goods.
The Amistad Case This essay is about the Amistad case from 1942. All started in Sierra Leone were African slave traders captures illegally many Africans, including Joseph Cinque, for selling them to Portuguese slave traders. Most of the Africans that were captured were send in the slave ship “Tecora”. This slaves were taken to Havana, Cuba where they were sold to José Ruiz and Pedro Montez and went in the ship called “Amistad”. One of the day Cinque led a revolt, killing the captain and the cook of the ship, they prisoned Ruiz and Montez for them to take them over again to Africa but instead they went opposite direction and landed in the United Sates where they went to jail and to a trial with the charges of murdering.
The Atlantic slave trade transported twelve to eighteen million slaves from West Africa, specifically along the coast from Senegal to Nigeria, to the Americas to exploit them and use them for the purpose of building the newly emancipated United States of America. Europeans first traveled to Africa in order to retrieve the gold along “the Gold Coast” due to their need for more money for the military, any debts, etc, but in the sixteenth century they lost interest in the gold and began to dehumanize Africans and enslave them. The slave trade began in 1501 during the Songhai Empire and ended in 1867, and throughout the years a significant amount of the African slaves transported were Muslims. The African Muslims who were enslaved in the Americas experienced a lot of hardships and both culture and religious shocks. In Sylvian Diouf’s book, Servants of Allah, he discusses the impact Muslim slaves had on the Americas and how they contributed to American society.
During the slave trade, slaves were brought from Africa to Brazil to labor in the sugar and tobacco plantations. The slaves were distributed in the three main ports of Bahia, Recife and Rio de Janeiro. Once reality of their condition had dawned on them, many slaves ran away. After rebelling against their master, some forty slaves in Recife killed all the white employees, burnt the plantation house down and set themselves free. This group headed to a safe place in the mountains to hide from the slave hunters which they named Palmares.
One of the earliest I documented is the correspondence of the Kongo ruler Nzinga Mbemba, who wrote to the king of Portugal, João III, in 1526 to demand an end to the illegal depopulation of his kingdom. The Kongolese king's successor Garcia II completed similar ineffective protests. Other African rulers took a stand. Anti-slavery motives can also be found in the activities of the Christian leader Dona Beatriz Kimpa Vita (1684–1706) in Kongo. Several major African states took measures to limit and suppress the slave trade, including the kingdoms of Benin and Dahomey.
Between 1500 and the 1860s it is estimated that over 12 million Africans were abducted from West Africa’s coast and forced to work fertile lands cultivating crops such as sugar, tobacco, rice and cotton which was part of what we know today as the Atlantic Slave Trade. This essay will discuss the main reasons that the Atlantic Slave Trade began, these reasons are; deep-rooted racial attitudes, religious attitudes towards slavery, the legal position on slavery, military needs, the British economy, and the labour shortages in the West Indies. While it can be suggested that the labour shortages were the most important reason in the rise of the Slave Trade, this essay will argue that the deep-rooted racial attitudes towards Africans was the key
It has been argued that "the British abolition movement, which was legalized by the British Parliament, was not entirely humanely motivated as it is often put. It was for the British economic interest to shift from slave to legitimate trade" (Ume 1980, p.216). On the other hand, Batten (1954) listed among other things the abolishment of slave trade as the reason for the establishment of colonialism. "On the other hand, the insinuation that European colonialism accomplished its alleged humanitarian mission in Africa by decisively tackling slavery is too unfounded to warrant any attention here" (Nwokeji, G.U., 1998, 320). "They argue that the British governor, Frederick Lugard, favoured the reform of slavery over abolishing it".