ad been past. Some people say that Buddhism was Japan's only religion, was Buddhism actually past down to different people? In this document i'll be researching about the religion Buddhism, Medieval Japan, also Japan's art and culture in Japan. Japan in the Middle Ages has had many firsts happen like during the Medieval period time. *Back during the 6th century BC, in India, Buddhism was originated.
Religion in Japan is difficult to define because, like most religions, so many factors go into the makeup of the Japanese religiousness. Shinto, Buddhism and Christianity are the three main religions in Japan. Folk religions and New Developed Religions also play an influential role in the makeup of Japanese religiousness. One of the reasons it is so difficult to separate out a dominant religion in Japan is because of syncretism. Syncretism is the process of simultaneous practice of multiple religions.
a male choosing a female character and vice-versa) (MacCallum-Stewart, 2008). Trans-sexual– “(It) is a term used to describe a person who lives in a gender that I different from the sex they were assigned at birth. Many trans-sexual people opt to undergo physical transformations such as surgery and hormone therapy so that their bodies more closely align with social norms for their gender identities. Although it is categorized as one type of gender identity disorder by the American Psychological Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, many advocates have worked to remove this designation from the DSM in order to reduce the stigma and association with mental illness often attached to individuals who are trans-sexual” (Meyer, 2010). Video Game– “(It is) a game played by electronically manipulating images produced by a computer program on a television screen or other display screen” (Oxford University Press, 2015).
However, in postmodern fictions there is other attempting to define the concept of gender identity in light of the psychological perception. Carter’s postmodern feminist assumption emphasizes the role of the psychological aspects in forming individual’s gender identity. For example, in School of Sympathy (1948) Nancy Roberts defines identity as, “who we think we are who we tell our-selves we are or ought to be” (p. 19). She suggests that gender identity is a sense that we try to form. Nevertheless, she, in clarifying this definition, also highlights the impact of some norms, which can affect this feeling: “To some extent this identity is usually based on race, class, ethnicity gender and sexual orientation” (p. 19).
Homosexuality has a long history in Japan, of at least a thousand years. Yet it was only in more modern timew that lesbianism was more visible. Indeed, todays Japan mixes elements of the indigenous traditions with Western opinions about the sexual identity while at the same time being home to one of the most diverse and dynamic holebi-cultures in Asia. The Japanese world of entertainment has long supported or tolerated overt gay, transgender and transsexual amusement within the context of an enormous growth in holebi-art, films and literature in the last decade. Tokyo, Osaka and several other small towns have large holebi-communities and a number of holebi-organizations.
Transgender identity in society is a group of people trying to hide their personalities to protect, hide or on the contrary, to show their true self to society regardless of people’s perspective. Even if they are trying to hide it, they will eventually slip and reveal their true self. On the other hand, some may intentionally expose their identity to public, for instance, transgender. The reason why I choose this topic is because there is no single explanation for why some people choose to be transgender to nowadays. I am interested and want to find out my own belief in what factors aspects that influence them, such as genetic levels, early or later experiences and cultures, which can contribute to the development of transgender identities.
Japanese national Kiku Day writes in her 2004 article for the Guardian, "the Japanese are one-dimensional and dehumanized in the movie, serving as an exotic background for Bob and Charlotte 's story" and "the viewer is sledge hammered into laughing at these small, yellow people and their funny ways" (Day). Another Japanese reviewer, Yoshio Tsuchiya, described the portrayal of the Japanese in Lost in Translation as "very stereotypical and discriminative" (Tsuchiya). In the movie, cultural differences between the Japanese and the visiting Americans are highlighted to emphasize the protagonists ' feelings of isolation and loneliness in an unfamiliar and distant city. However, I do agree with the reviewers that this portrayal of the Japanese and the character 's interactions with them did go too far in some instances, such as low jokes made about Japanese accents. Many of the Japanese characters presented in the film are exaggerations meant to serve the plot and character development of the two American protagonists without any depth of their own.
Gendered issues are still a point of contention in almost all societies and cultures, with rife transphobia and sexism being practiced almost unconsciously by many of the world’s cisgender (people who identify as the gender assigned to them as a result of their biological sex) population. The gender binary is the term given to the assumption that individuals either have to identify as ‘male’ or ‘female’, in every aspect and every situation in their life, and that there is no other choices. In actual fact, there is an entire spectrum of gender variation, as Connell (2009:60) states: “for any individual, gender
The use of the term pansexual is to convey that they are open to getting enthralled by a person despite the person’s gender or sexual orientation (“What is Pansexual,” 2015). Also, contrary to popular belief, pansexuals may be in a relationship with a heterosexual without discrediting their true sexual identity. Moreover, since a pansexual is attracted to all kinds of gender identities and since heterosexuality is a gender identity, it is a no-brainer that a pansexual is allowed to date a heterosexual. Pansexual individuals are strictly attracted to various kinds of people, they do not posses object sexuality or objectophilia, the strong feelings of love for
Gender dysphoria is the dissatisfaction with the biological sex one is born with which results in a multitude of symptoms. The dysphoria often associated with wanting to alter one’s body and gender expression to be parallel with what is felt to be one’s gender identity. Either a trans person is born with a female mind and a male parts, or the alternate. (Phillips, 2014). The mind cannot be operated on so the only choice is to help trans-sexualism is to alter the body using surgery and other hormonal replacement therapy options so it mirrors what the mind sees.