This will restrict the people from littering and thus significantly reduce the amount of marine waste. Furthermore, the government should support and sponsor environmental groups such as ICCS in tackling marine debris. For example, the government could provide resources and technical support for the environmental groups to conduct coastal clean-ups and public education. By organizing public campaigns together, both parties will be benefited in educating and encouraging the public to participate in tackling marine
Development activities, empowerment, training and energetic participation to decision making process are the examples of human resources management (HRM) practices, all of these can assist employees’ to creative innovative ideas and let them active in innovation process. Job identification, participation to decision making, job analysis, performance evaluation, training-development and career management are the positive and strong relationship for innovation and HRM practices on strategic planning process. In order to achieve organizational innovation, human capital development helps the organization to develop organizational skills and perform well in critical operations. (Taheri and Marjani, 2015). So, function or human capital
It is concerned with site analysis, planning, and designing of all types of construction structures such as bridges, roads, tunnels, harbours, and airports. Development of Civil Engineering In past years, civil engineers focused on design and construction of new facilities, such as buildings, bridges and highways, water treatment and environmental facilities, foundations and tunnels. Today 's civil engineer not only has to design new facilities but must also analyse the effects of deterioration on infrastructure elements, consider system interdependencies and evaluate life-cycle impacts while also considering environmental and economic sustainability within the context of society. Scope of Civil
For a community to be environmentally friendly, we must begin with the first simple step, which is raising the awareness among our society regarding environmental issues. To do this, authorities need to enforce regulations, such as introducing a law that relates to environmental preservation to the constitution as well as to the public. With this, the public, or rather
Implementation of sustainability into civil engineering projects requires the learning and application of new skills. It is important for civil engineers to develop a strong educational base of various other sciences as well because this base may allow the civil engineers to actively and competently interact with other engineers and
Marine Engineers – Design and review the vessels needed for the project to succeed. Mining Engineers – Investigate a safe and environmentally friendly method to extract minerals from the ocean floor. Robotics Engineers – Design and operating the machines that will operate on the seabed floor. Mechanical Engineers – Design and maintain operational vessels required for the project. Electrical Engineers – Design and maintain operational vessels required for the project.
Therefore, we need to think about tomorrow with respect to every action that we take in the environment and in this case we can say that sustainable development requires slower population growth. With this in mind, we need to be educated through our cultures about the impact we caused to the environment as we continue to reproduce. The challenge of environmental ethics has led to the attempt to apply traditional ethical theories, including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics, to support contemporary environmental concerns; the preservation of biodiversity as an ethical goal; the broader concerns of some thinkers with wilderness, the built environment and the politics of poverty; the ethics of sustainability and climate change, and some directions for possible future developments of the discipline [ CITATION And15 \l 1033 ]. With this multi-dimensional approach one can see that it is more of a cultural issue to think of it from its origin. We have grown to see our parents have children, build houses, buy cars cultivate farmlands, explore timber and many other aspects.
The responsibility of a civil engineer is to devise, develop and administer the creation of safe, economical, durable and functional structures and buildings and their maintenance as well. Civil engineers are the designers while contracting engineers are the implementers of the designs. Besides design works, civil engineers also undertake viability and technical investigations of sites, direct the tendering procedures and logically resolve design and development problems associated with projects. 6.1 PROFESSIONAL RIGHTS OF ENGINEERS Professional engineers work to guarantee the public 's safety and promote its interest where engineering matters are concerned. They must also ensure that local laws adequately and properly serve and protect the public, and participate in the establishment and maintenance of engineering standards while
This can be done through programs and campaigning such as, Clean Lahore Campaign. Analysis: The above policy measures are referred to The National Environment Policy, 2005, other than these policy measures, Pakistan is working on environmental issues with the collaboration of UNDP to provide sustainable environment to the people of Pakistan. Protecting ecosystems and natural resource management are the focus areas of this collaboration. According to my research, Pakistan has a well-developed environment sector which is practical to environmental issues such as climate change, deforestation, water pollution, air pollution, waste management and many other types of environmental degradation. Apart from these policy measures, we as a society must take part in creating sustainable environment for us and for our future generations.
If kept then it should be cleaned periodically. • The orientation of building: In order to achieve natural ventilation, the orientation of building should be made to adjust to the prevailing natural condition at the site of construction of the building • Prevention of dampness: The construction of the building should be damp-proof. The health of the human body is considerably affected when there is the presence of damp in the surroundings. 1.6 IMPORTANCE OF WATER DRAINAGE It is essential that adequate provision is made for road drainage to ensure that a road Pavement performs satisfactorily. The main functions of a road drainage system are: