Urban sprawl and the amount of automobile use is bad for the earth and public health. Some people believe that we will use automobiles more and it is going to have a bad influence on our earth. Others believe urban sprawl is going to make us drive more, causing more pollution. Road ways become blocked, and more people drive if the cities spread outward. Urban sprawl causes more drivers and more transportation use.
Traffic congestion in the GTA has become a more pressing issue over the years. The increase of suburban culture has aided to the growth of traffic congestion. For the average person, cars have become increasingly affordable instead of being a luxury item as it was in the past. This increase in affordability has spiked traffic congestion; as a result more cars are on the roads and major highways en route to the core of Toronto. In addition the increase of housing unit across and in the GTA that lead to narrow roads has also become a major factor in traffic congestion.
They were built to get street cars off of crowded streets. Cities were also coming up with new techniques of road and bridge building at the same time. Without the creation and spread of these transportational innovations, the United States of America would have progressed differently. Workers were now able to travel to business centers more efficiently and faster paced as well. Businesses are able to expand even more, because they can now hire people from a larger area.
This has attributed to rapid urbanization, which has put considerable pressures on the government and citizens economically. Since people who once relied on agriculture are being forced to move to cities due to water scarcity, one would assume that this only brings negative consequences; however, there are also many benefits to urbanization (as long as it is sustainable). First of all, with a growing population in urban environments, there is an increase in the development and diversification of businesses, especially in terms of service industries, as the growing population requires new products and services (Dociu and Dunarintu). Therefore the overall development and diversification of the local economy also extends to services and goods produced for exportation, thus increasing GDP and foreign investment. In
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background and Motivation Solid waste management is the one of the important and major problem faced by today’s world. With the increase in commercial, residential and infrastructure development due to the population growth, it has lead to negative impact on the environment.. In developing countries like India, Solid waste management is considered as one of the most tedious environmental problems faced by municipal authorities . Rapid urbanization along with increasing industrial, economic and commercial development, have given rise to an increased generation of various types of waste.
1. The urbanization is a crucial process for the development of any society as it allows to make an emphasis on the development of the cities, where a significant amount of financial resources concentrate. The fact that many people moved from the rural areas to the cities in the middle of the 20th century, caused an immense growth of an industry, trade, and business across the country. There are both positive and negative outcomes of the urbanization; however, these outcomes are most commonly referred to as the push-pull factors. Both push and pull factors can be beneficial for particular groups of people while being disadvantaging to the other groups.
In his book "City, Class, Power," he emphasizes that urban problems become increasingly a political problem, caused by the combination of the consumption means with the socialization of the production means. Thus, the urban problems lead to play a strategic role in the course of everyday life. Castells (1997) based on two main reasons for the development of urban contradictions in the developed capitalist societies and their placement at the very center of the social and political sphere. The first is the essential role played by the consumption process in developed capitalism and the second is the expansion of the ideology of the city in a form specific to the dominant classes. State intervention for increased
REVERSE MIGRATION: URBAN TO RURAL One of the biggest problem in the world today is coping with the rising urbanization brought about by the economic liberalization. Although it has brought economic reforms and development but it has played a devil in the dark creating some dire and dirty consequences as well. The rising urbanization has seen exodus of people from rural to urban areas in search of better jobs, wages, higher standard of living and other facilities like scope for good education, health, transport and housing facilities. Now it has got its own pros and cons. Some advantages can be a better social integration, opening up new markets, whereas adversities are many, ranging from creating congestion to higher urban unemployment problems.
Before the charter or new urbanism itself was established, the paper will give an instance of the vital contribution several architects gave to this movement, by protesting the status-quo of urban planning of the time. An important planner is Jan Gehl, who endorsed a view of how urbanism should be which would inspire and later contribute to the founding of the movement. In his book, Cities for People, Gehl emphasizes the four human matters that he deems crucial for a successful city planning. Gehl describes the development of cities that exhibit the listed qualities: Lively, Safe, Sustainable, and Healthy. Considering these aspects, he thinks, even of the biggest metropolitan area, on the smallest scale (Gehl, 1987).
One of the main reasons is the continuous growth of population. We can say that the increase of population is directly proportional to the increase of cars. This in turn also increases the risk of having traffic congestion. Having low or poor public transportation is another cause of traffic problems. If there are insufficient public transport vehicles like buses and trains, then instead of using the public transportation offered, the people will have the tendency to buy their personal and private mode of transportation.