Urbanization refers to the process of raising population growth in cities and rural, it also includes the rise of industrialization. The government, industry and business deal in urban areas are involved.The United States and Europe had started their urbanization since the 19th century. On the other hand, by the end of 2014, 54.7% of China’s total population live in the urban areas, which is a rate that rose from 26% in 1990. They are currently experiencing a rapid increase. Yet, urbanization has many benefits.
One of the major issues sprawl has seemingly encouraged is an automobile dependant environment. The more sprawled out a city becomes, the more dependence we have on our vehicles to get us to work, school, home and places of leisure. This pushes us away from having an effective public transportation system because of its inaccessibility and poorly routed schedules that are inconvenient for many. This is why “smart growth” has progressively been promoted as an alternative method to sprawl because it focuses on public transportation and walking as main sources to building a better environment. However, Robert Bruegmann does not believe that “smart growth” is an effective alternative because heavily dense areas require longer commuting times.
However the poor could not afford housing in the city or in the suburbs and this led to the growth of tenement housing. Tenements were supposed to be great improvements in housing for the poor however they soon became known as “miserable abodes” that were overcrowded and had little to no indoor plumbing or central heating. The growing population also led to transportation problems. The downtown streets were usually too narrow for the heavy traffic that moved through them and most were not paved producing either a lot of mud or a cloud of dust. These problems led to what would later become known as mass
Unfortunately, criminal justice research has been considered non-educating since it does not meet the requirement of proposing a universal theory. Also, any theories found that involve the public sphere are deemed as being pointless and ideology. Need for different research and theoretical tactics in understanding the nature crime behaviors rather than crime control policies. Criminal justice theories and crime theories intersect creating essential to define crime. When examining criminal justice, pressure is placed on the justice system and inner workings of crime control policies.
Demands that are being made by the citizens of the country, are often ignored or set aside. And demands that are turned into inputs, often do not get processed into outputs. The issue of sanitation in the township of Khayelitsha, provides one with a view into a broken political system. The City of Cape Town Municipality has been pressured by the residents of the settlement to draw up a revised sanitation plan to solve the current problems. According to a social audit that was conducted by the Social Justice Coalition, the current situation is unsanitary, unsafe and many people lack access to this basic facility.
London became the largest city in Europe all the while creating a breeding ground for disease. Johnson’s view of London allows us to critically examine the similarity and differences with other urban areas 150 years later. Political, social, and economic agendas within these urban areas have evolved as well. The accounts of John Snow and Henry Whitehead show how new ideas
These theories fail to address the question of basic access or pressing barriers faced in the developing world, such as spatial differences in population density, infrastructure, distance, integration with markets and a lack of research and development. Thus, this study will utilize the highlighted approaches to technology adoption and also keep in mind the theoretical gaps in the literature. It is crucial to leave space for developing country specific realities when it comes to understanding technology
The strategic importance of disruptive innovations are not well known – There’s very little knowledge about the theory of disruptive innovation within most firms, which makes it rather hard to develop and introduce potentially disruptive ideas, products, or services 2. Inability to generate disruptive ideas – Disruptive innovations require thinking about markets and customers in a non-traditional way, to understand where customers are not consuming products and why, and what are the needs of the low-end customers who would prefer a just-enough product 3. Inappropriate funding routines – Established firms prefer to focus on incremental and occasionally mildly radical innovation, as the current knowledge is dictating or at least significantly influencing the future, which causes difficulties to the funding of potentially disruptive projects. 4. Inappropriate New Product Development (NPD) processes – As markets might not yet exists or might be transformed, typically people with a potentially disruptive discovery are frequently not prepared to make the cognitive leap from the idea to envisioned and articulated business
(Sarmento, 2014, pg4) However, this does not mean any level of mutual respect of cultural difference is put into practice. As a result of this, the society can live in such individual groups and stay their comfort zone without mixing with the society as a whole. Such societies can result in the “ghettos” in the suburbs of France called Banlieue. ‘The ‘ghettos’ are specially built for excluded and disfranchised migrants from France’s former North African colonies’ (Hassan, 2005) This article, focuses on such challenges that have risen due to the alienation of these migrants into suburbs away from society due to the imprecise practices of a multicultural society. It causes separation and boosts crime rates due to the level of inequality shown.
How Is Healthcare Sector Leveraging Big Data Technologies? The global population of human beings has been roughly estimated to have touched the figure of 7 billion by now. Also, the last two decades have seen a very high surge in the world getting digitally connected in an amazing way – thanks to the rapid penetration of computers, the Internet and finally the mobile phone internet access that has now brought even the remotest areas of third world nations and most advanced regions of developed nations on the same platform. Together, these two facts give rise to a startling observation – the world is growing fast in human population with more complex and voluminous health challenges to be met with, and this human population is churning out