Essay On Urbanization In The Philippines

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Situationer Cebu City is the second largest city in the Philippines with a population of 866,171 people (Philippine Statistics Authority, 2013) in a metropolitan area of over two million. As the regional financial and administrative capital of central Visayas, it is one of the biggest and fast-developing cities in the country (The World Bank, 2011). The province of Cebu is also one of the main tourist destinations in the Philippines. In the city, both locals and tourists commute everyday with jeepneys as the city’s main mode of public transportation. From a case study by the University of the Philippines’ National Center for Transportation Studies (2007), as of 2007, there are 8,329 jeepney units operating in Cebu City. They run 24/7,…show more content…
Two of the main culprits of climate change are the urbanization and transportation sectors. According to a report by The World Bank (2011), the Philippines was ranked 39th in the world in 2005 with about 142 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions, excluding emissions due to land use change. The Philippines has the fastest rate of urbanization in East Asia with a population of about 92 million people. Because of the increasing level of urbanization, there has been a corresponding shift in the preferred mode of transportation from public to private modes. From a report by the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC), trips using private vehicles has alarmingly increased from 9.7% in 1979 to 20.6% in 1992 while trips via public transport has decreased from 90.3% to 79.4% during the same time period. The demand for travel using private vehicles is expected to increase by 23.5% or 989,910 private vehicles on the road by 2020 (Patdu, 2009). Due to these facts, a potential increase in fossil fuels for energy generation and a high increase in private vehicle ownership are to be expected in the near

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