In the 1901 census, only 10.8 per cent of the total popu¬lation (or 25.6 million out of 238 million) lived in cities. In 1991, this had gone up to 25.73 per cent; and by 2001, nearly 35 per cent (or about 350 million of the estimated one billion populations) will be urban residents. • This means that in coming two years, there will be 37 cities with a popu¬lation between one and ten million. Mumbai, Delhi and Calcutta will have more than 14 million people each. One factor which has contributed relatively much to the increase in urban population is industrialization.
Do The Disadvantages Of Urbanization Outweigh The Benefits Of It? Introduction Urbanization refers to the increase in trend of people moving from rural or under developed areas to more developed areas. This trend has experienced a dramatic rise in the past few decades. The report issued by the United Nations in 2015 supports this claim by suggesting that globally, more people are moving towards urban areas. In 1950, 30 percent of the world’s population was residing in urban areas while in 2014, 54 percent of the world’s population was urban, and by 2050, 66 per cent of the world’s population is projected to be urban.
First and foremost, the population involved in urbanization will be examined. The growth of urban population in less developed region (LDR) is much higher than more developed region (MDR). According to the United Nations (2005), in the thirty largest urban agglomerations among the world, nineteen of them are MDR at 1950; while at 1980, only ten cities in the MDR remained in the list. At 2005, only seven cities in the MDR left on the list. One of the reasons for the rapid increase in urban population in LDR is natural increase.
THE DYNAMICS OF INDONESIA’S URBANIZATION 1980-2006 INTRODUCTION Emerging economies are mostly described by the high level of urbanization. However, this is not the case in Indonesia. The goal of the article is to ascertain the relationship between economic emergence and urbanization. Urbanization is a revolution from rural to a developed way of living. It is perceived as one of the world’s leading most notable socio-economic changes.
The world is undergoing rapid urbanization. At the global scale, more people currently reside in urban areas than rural areas (UN Habitat & UNECA, 2008). The population balance between urban and rural areas has been shifting over time. In 1930 for instance, only 30% of the global population was urban and by 2008, half of the world’s population was urban (Soja & Kanai, 2007). Currently, the urban population stands at 54%; a proportion projected to rise to 66% by 2050 (UNDESA, 2014).
Furthermore, housing crisis is affected by the policies such as right -to -buy and properties left dormant as assets that worsen by the population growth. Since the early 2000`s increased number of migration has had a greater effect, which at its peak contributed 69% to population growth. Migrants are likely to rent in private sectors as opposed to buying homes or living in social housing. Observation says that 74% of recent migrants, those that have live in UK for the past five years are in private rented sector in 2015. For instant, 39% of foreign- born population were in private renter sector and only 14% of the UK born live in private renter sector that contribute to housing crisis in UK.
Vietnam – Ho Chi Minh Vietnam has a population of almost 90 million people. Thirty million of its residents live in urban areas, totaling 34 percent of the population. In regards to poverty, as of 1993, the poverty rate in Vietnam was 58.1 percent, as of 2008, Vietnam had reduced poverty to 14.5 percent.However, in urban areas, such as Ho Chi Minh City, a reduction in poverty lags. Until 1975, Ho Chi Minh City or HCMC was known as Saigon. It is the largest city in the country and sits at the mouth of the Mekong Delta.
In the Third World, it is not difficult to discover the large-scaled slum at the rural-urban fringe of every city. Take Mumbai, an Indian city with four slums, into consideration. As a result of flows of citywards migrations, the growing rate of urban population outpaced that of development of the city. The limited infrastructure forced the migrants to live in the slums. Dharavi, one of the four slums in Mumbai is residentially dense with 800,000 people in more than 2,000 huts (Gruber, Kirschner, Mill, Schach, Schmekel & Seligman, 2005).
It shows the speed of urbanisation process in Kerala after the economic reform. From 1951 to 1981 (30 years) the increase of urban population in Kerala was 29, 45,443 and from 2001 to 2011 the increased urban population is 76, 65,246. Along with the increased urban population the urban places are congested and a huge amount of waste is produced in cities. Governments are failed to control the overproduction of waste and it has become very difficult to dispose eco-friendly. The rapid growth of urban population had led to rapid increase of waste production which had serious socio-economic and environmental impacts (Karadimas, Loumos and Orsoni 2006).
INTRODUCTION In the past few decades, the process of urbanization has accelerated mainly in cities coping with Informal Hyper growth (UN-Habitat, 2012) most of which are located in Sub-Sahara Africa (SSA). These cities are characterized by rapid population growth, both through migration and natural increase; an economy heavily dependent on the informal sector; very extensive poverty, with widespread informal housing areas; basic problems of the environment and of public health; and difficult issues of governance (Hall, 2007). Oteng-Ababio (2014) conceives that as the world hurtles towards its urban future with the world’s urban population increasing by two new people every second, and with 95 per cent of such increases taking place in cities in Sub-Sahara Africa, the obvious consequence is the increase in the generation of solid waste.