With some assistance from the Gods, Odysseus can resolve his last challenge by getting revenge on the suitors. Odysseus in The Odyssey proves himself as an epic hero through his craftiness that helps him solve problems in the Challenges, his transformation from having excessive pride to patience and humility, and through the godly guidance he receives in the Return. Without these qualities, Odysseus would not have been able to successfully complete his Hero’s Journey and prove his worthiness as an epic
Although Zeus is surrounded by gods who prioritize their own desires and self-interest, Zeus remains the main enforcer of morality which manifests in the forms of enforcing the code of hospitality and the upholding of justice. His sense of morality overrules his self-interest and partiality towards his fellow gods. Zeus maintains his moral values and does not fail to act upon these values when dealing with both gods and mortals, despite the fact that his connections to the gods are deeper than his relationships with humans. In Homer’s world, one of the most prevalent themes is the code of hospitality.
At the end of the play, Oedipus the king, once Oedipus is exiled, the new king is proclaimed to be Creon. Oedipus is a hero, good at the heart and very just in his actions, and that is what made him unsuitable to be properly king. He was kind, yet to a fault. The thoughts needed to be a king are different than those that are needed to be a hero. Creon, however, has the thought process necessary to be king, and a good one at that.
Homer’s The Odyssey is a story about a man named Odysseus and his journey and misfortune that occurs while trying to return home. Due to its origins in oral improvisation, The Odyssey is characterized by many paradoxes. However, these paradoxes can and do function within the context of the story. One paradox in The Odyssey is how Odysseus is constantly praised as an incredibly capable hero, yet he seems to always need a god to help him out of trouble.
Hesiod and Euripides argue that people worship the gods so that they avoid punishment; however, Hesiod argues that the gods are worth worshipping because they also give good Strife to promote productivity, while Euripides argues that blind faith is ludicrous because it prevents people from developing their own moral compass. Hesiod uses Works and Days to illustrate how the gods marked out meaningful tasks for humans, so that humans could always be preoccupied with something productive. According to Hesiod, this makes the gods worth worshipping, because the gods demonstrate how they have humans in their best interests through giving them good Strife, which makes people more productive within their community. In contrast, Euripides uses Orestes
In many ways, John Proctor is seen as a ‘tragic hero’, he is portrayed as a man with definite great values which he has flawed. Proctor isn’t initially seen as truly moral character, his adultery and redundancy to completely dismiss his religious beliefs and rites prove otherwise. His beliefs are dismissed due to the immortality Abigail displays in her characterisation that effectively rubs off on him. John chooses to be immoral, but he himself knows the difference between right and wrong, and his conscious still plays a big role in the decisions he makes, unlike with Abigail. Throughout his characterisation, John Proctor is seen as a man of integrity, despite his immoral actions.
Genesis' God is loving, perfect, and just. In Theogony the gods can be characterized by the less desirable qualities of
The first reason is that she did what the gods wanted, and what the gods want overrule the laws. She disobeyed the king's law to please the gods and this is what makes her right. Creon thinks just because he his king he has all the power when really the gods have all the power. Then again Creon is in fact king and whatever the king said went and he could punish people who disobeyed him however he pleased, but even kings look up to the gods because they know that they have full power over them.
In Sophocles’ Antigone and The Epic of Gilgamesh, both Antigone and Gilgamesh don't dread death as long as they did the right thing according to them. First, I will talk about how Antigone sees the divine laws of the immortals much more important than those of the mortals. Next, I will discuss how Gilgamesh finds it acceptable to die if he does something audacious- like fighting Humbaba- because individuals in the city will remember him for the actions that he’s done and the sacrifices he has made. Finally, I will argue how its surprising how Antigone and Gilgamesh have the same views on death as they are both different genders. Antigone would rather follow the laws the the immortals give her than those of the mortals.
The Hebrew insistence on a monotheistic God is an important turning point in history because while neighboring religions in areas such as West Asian and Egypt gods at times could be indecisive, unforgiving, and only reachable by the elite, the Hebrew God was forgiving, faithful, just, and loving to a group of people that sometimes rejected, and did evil before him. The Hebrews believed that God chose them they did not choose him, unlike neighboring countries. They were not conquered and force to adapt to their God unlike many territories. Many deities throughout the Mediterranean were seen through humans such as a pharaohs or kings who could be a cruel, and a tyrant. The Hebrews on the other hand saw their monotheistic God as a spirit that
The epic poem “Epic of Gilgamesh” is about a hero’s journey. First, one should know that Gilgamesh was once a selfish king that ruled over Uruk. When his best friend Enkidu dies, he realizes that he is mortal, so he goes on a journey to look for immortality (Sandars). In my opinion, heroes should always show loyalty and show respect to all classes of people. If the hero doesn’t show respect in the beginning, he will grow and will later on show much more respect.
The two short stories “The Epic of Gilgamesh” and “Noah and the Flood” have many similarities and also many differences. In the times when “The Epic of Gilgamesh” was written ancient Mesopotamians worshiped a pantheon of gods. There was no afterlife to look forward in this religion which leads Gilgamesh to find Utnapishtim. Utnapishtim had gained immortal life after surviving a horrendous flood and tells Gilgamesh the story of how it happened. “Noah and the Flood” is in the old testament meaning it is based more on Jewish belief.
“The Return” Reading Questions In order to get the pity from the gods, Utnapishtim challenges Gilgamesh to stay awake for six days and seven nights. Gilgamesh is tempted by sleep constantly, so the Faraway devises a plan to make a visual representation of Gilgamesh’s progress. Everyday of the test, Utnapishtim’s wife bakes a loaf of bread and puts a mark beside Gilgamesh’s head to measure the time. At the end, Gilgamesh is awoken and from looking at the bread, he realizes that he has been asleep.