The word “meaningless” again emphasizes the importance of the deities. With some assistance from the Gods, Odysseus can resolve his last challenge by getting revenge on the suitors.Odysseus in The Odyssey proves himself as an epic hero through his craftiness that helps him solve problems in the Challenges, his transformation from having excessive pride to patience and humility, and through the godly guidance he receives in the Return. Without these qualities, Odysseus would not have been able to successfully complete his Hero’s Journey and prove his worthiness as an epic
Although Zeus is surrounded by gods who prioritize their own desires and self-interest, Zeus remains the main enforcer of morality which manifests in the forms of enforcing the code of hospitality and the upholding of justice. His sense of morality overrules his self-interest and partiality towards his fellow gods. Zeus maintains his moral values and does not fail to act upon these values when dealing with both gods and mortals, despite the fact that his connections to the gods are deeper than his relationships with humans. In Homer’s world, one of the most prevalent themes is the code of hospitality. It is a concrete and central institution in The Odyssey as mortals and gods alike acknowledge the code of hospitality as their fundamental moral
At the end of the play, Oedipus the king, once Oedipus is exiled, the new king is proclaimed to be Creon. Oedipus is a hero, good at the heart and very just in his actions, and that is what made him unsuitable to be properly king. He was kind, yet to a fault. The thoughts needed to be a king are different than those that are needed to be a hero. Creon, however, has the thought process necessary to be king, and a good one at that.
Homer’s The Odyssey is a story about a man named Odysseus and his journey and misfortune that occurs while trying to return home. Due to its origins in oral improvisation, The Odyssey is characterized by many paradoxes. However, these paradoxes can and do function within the context of the story. One paradox in The Odyssey is how Odysseus is constantly praised as an incredibly capable hero, yet he seems to always need a god to help him out of trouble. Despite the seemingly contradictory nature of this statement, both can be true considering that the times when he needs a god’s help are when another god created the problem in the first place.
Hesiod and Euripides argue that people worship the gods so that they avoid punishment; however, Hesiod argues that the gods are worth worshipping because they also give good Strife to promote productivity, while Euripides argues that blind faith is ludicrous because it prevents people from developing their own moral compass. Hesiod uses Works and Days to illustrate how the gods marked out meaningful tasks for humans, so that humans could always be preoccupied with something productive. According to Hesiod, this makes the gods worth worshipping, because the gods demonstrate how they have humans in their best interests through giving them good Strife, which makes people more productive within their community. In contrast, Euripides uses Orestes
In many ways, John Proctor is seen as a ‘tragic hero’, he is portrayed as a man with definite great values which he has flawed. Proctor isn’t initially seen as truly moral character, his adultery and redundancy to completely dismiss his religious beliefs and rites prove otherwise. His beliefs are dismissed due to the immortality Abigail displays in her characterisation that effectively rubs off on him. John chooses to be immoral, but he himself knows the difference between right and wrong, and his conscious still plays a big role in the decisions he makes, unlike with Abigail. Throughout his characterisation, John Proctor is seen as a man of integrity, despite his immoral actions.
But Beowulf is selfless and fights only for his people, and not himself. Gilgamesh on the other hand is selfish and takes advantage of his people. Gilgamesh just wanted to be a hero and be immortalized, that is the reason behind him fighting the monster Humbaba, not to protect his people. Beowulf loves his people and
In Theogony we have Zeus at the head of the hierarchy but, he needs assistance to do things and other gods can interfere with him. Genesis' God is loving, perfect, and just. In Theogony the gods can be characterized by the less desirable qualities of
The first reason is that she did what the gods wanted, and what the gods want overrule the laws. She disobeyed the king's law to please the gods and this is what makes her right. Creon thinks just because he his king he has all the power when really the gods have all the power. Then again Creon is in fact king and whatever the king said went and he could punish people who disobeyed him however he pleased, but even kings look up to the gods because they know that they have full power over them. Creon probably wouldn’t have had anybody die in his own hands if he had did what the gods wanted and not what he wanted for his own pleasure.
In Sophocles’ Antigone and The Epic of Gilgamesh, both Antigone and Gilgamesh don't dread death as long as they did the right thing according to them. First, I will talk about how Antigone sees the divine laws of the immortals much more important than those of the mortals. Next, I will discuss how Gilgamesh finds it acceptable to die if he does something audacious- like fighting Humbaba- because individuals in the city will remember him for the actions that he’s done and the sacrifices he has made. Finally, I will argue how its surprising how Antigone and Gilgamesh have the same views on death as they are both different genders. Antigone would rather follow the laws the the immortals give her than those of the mortals.
The Hebrew insistence on a monotheistic God is an important turning point in history because while neighboring religions in areas such as West Asian and Egypt gods at times could be indecisive, unforgiving, and only reachable by the elite, the Hebrew God was forgiving, faithful, just, and loving to a group of people that sometimes rejected, and did evil before him. The Hebrews believed that God chose them they did not choose him, unlike neighboring countries. They were not conquered and force to adapt to their God unlike many territories. Many deities throughout the Mediterranean were seen through humans such as a pharaohs or kings who could be a cruel, and a tyrant. The Hebrews on the other hand saw their monotheistic God as a spirit that