Head injuries The leading cause of death in the population aged under 40 years. The main cause is falls, car accidents and assaults. The main types of traumatic brain injury are skull fractures, brain contusion, dilaceration brain, diffuse axonal injury, extradural hematoma, subdural and intracerebral. Skull fractures are the result of a severe head impact and can be accompanied by any of the injuries listed above. Cerebral contusion trauma refers to an apparently minor, brief loss of consciousness accompanied.
Closed-head injuries are caused mostly by car accidents, falls, acts of violence, and sports injuries. Closed-head injuries can be from mild injuries to traumatic brain injuries and can lead to severe brain damage or death. If symptoms of a head injury are seen after an accident, medical care is needed to diagnose and treat the injury. Without medical attention, injuries can progress and cause further brain damage, disability, or death.
Concussions can cause serious harm to your brain and affect it long term if you don 't allow your brain time to heal properly. Student athletes are more prone to concussions than older people and take longer for their brains to heal. Athletes recovering from a concussion should be required by law to sit out for extended periods of time to recover fully. Athletes in high school could suffer from severe consequences from a brain injury if returned to play early and they could suffer long term effects if they don 't allow their brain to thoroughly heal. Other people might think that students should be able to decide when they feel healed enough to return to activities, or that students can wear protective gear when they play to keep their head safe and minimize any injury chances.
LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1. INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common and potentially devastating clinical problem. Because prompt proper management of TBI sequelae can significantly alter the clinical course especially within 48 hour of the injury, neuro-imaging techniques have become an important part of the diagnostic work up of such patients, determining prognosis, and guiding rehabilitation.8 Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a traumatically induced physiological disruption of brain function, as manifested by at least one of any period of loss of consciousness; any loss of memory for events immediately before or after the accident; any alteration in mental state at the time of the accident
It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
After observing Art’s diagnosis for PTSD, there are disorders that need to be noted because of similarities. The first disorder to rule out is F43.0 Acute Stress Disorder. Art meets most of the criteria presented; however the time frame does not match. Acute stress disorder has symptoms that occur immediately after the traumatic event and last up to a month (APA, 2013). We understand from the video, Art has been suffering with these symptoms for a lot longer then a month.
Do you know that one of the main worry that is patient-related problems in the hospital are case of falls? Many take it lightly that fall is just a fall. For example, a fall with a bruise. But the underlying problems of that bruise may cause some seriousness or doesn't shows the signs and symptoms on the spot but may happen/ react a few days later. It can happen to anyone of different age group.
Some of the reasons are very serious, such as CTE which is a brain disease caused by rapid hits to the brain, this has lifetime affects and changes you in many ways, in worst cases this can even cause death. Although that is one of the worst things that can happen there is still many others like concussions which last long, Alzheimer’s disease, and little things like depression and headaches all connecting to lifetime affects. The kids that don’t get these
Primary head injury is present at the time of the trauma and is seen as a transient or an irreversible damage to the brain but secondary brain injury is usually as a result of accompanying peri-lesional oedema or raised intracranial pressure or parenchymal ischemia affecting varying parts of the brain. These secondary changes can cause tonsillar herniation especially in cases with raised intracranial pressure and may eventually culminate in the death of the patient. [14-15] The current trend of evaluation of patients with head injury includes Computed tomography (CT), Magnetic resonance Imaging (MRI) and Nuclear medicine. However, cranial CT has emerged the mainstay in the diagnostic work-up of patients with head injury, particularly in the initial assessment of the head injured due to its availability, short image acquisition time and its accuracy in the detection of skull fractures and intracranial haemorrhage. [15 –
Symptoms of a concussion may not start right away, which may start days or weeks after the injury had occurred. Symptoms may include headache or neck pain, also nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness, and or tiredness. Players may feel dazed or not normal for several days or weeks after the injury. Doctors use neurologic exams and imaging test to diagnose a concussion. Most players recover fully after a concussion, but it can take some
The injuries that is critical in the areas such as thalamus and hypothalamus region will lead to the vascular dementia. Thus, people with vascular type of dementia tend to have disease of the blood vessels such as tobacco usage, high blood pressure, heart attacks, etc. Mixed dementia: Mixed dementia is another type of dementia, it is the combination of Alzheimer’s and vascular dementia or in general it is the conditions where changes can be represented with considering more than one type of dementia which occurs simultaneously in the brain, thus this type of dementia causes 10% of dementia cases. The symptoms of this type of dementia is that it depends on the type of dementia that are occurred simultaneously in the brain but it may have the same symptoms of Alzheimer’s type of dementia. Dementia with Lewy
A concussion is a tramatic brain injury that alters the way your brain function. Although the effects are usually temporary the effects can be delayed for hours or days and can last days to months. The effects include: headaches, and problems with concentration, memory loss, balance and coordination. Concussions are usually caused caused by a blow to the head or neck or upper part of the body. The cause of a concussion can be from a contact sport, a car accident, or even a kid falling on a playground.
Concussions are considered functional, because it only affects the biochemical process of the brain, but the trauma changes the brain function temporarily. Although, in sports like football, repeated head to head contact can lead to long term brain damage. Many former football player’s have suffered from long term head injuries, this lead to things such as, “ long-term health consequences of concussion, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Alzheimer 's disease, and other forms of dementia, Parkinson 's disease, or severe cognitive impairment.” according to Weil(2016). When suffering from a concussion, you must deal with many symptoms such as, brief loss of consciousness after the injury, memory problems, drowsiness or feeling sluggish, confusion, dizziness, double vision or blurred vision, nausea, headache,or vomiting, sensitivity to light or noise, balance problems, and slowed reaction to stimuli. It can also effect the student- athletes behavior, thinking, or physical
Brain Contusion In the following essay I will be explaining what a brain contusion is, along with the causes, signs and symptoms, and prognosis. A brain contusion is a bruise of the brain tissue. Just like a bruise that happens on other parts of the body, a brain contusion is caused by a blood vessel leak. Since they involve structural brain damage, contusions are more serious than concussions (Brain and Spinal Cord. Org., n.d.) The cause of a brain contusion is often caused by an impact to the head, like: car accident, a fall, or a sports- related accident.