The Scandinavian Vikings were a group of people who lived on the Scandinavian Peninsula which encompasses modern day Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. The Vikings were known for their strength and brutality in combat, and they were feared by civilizations and kingdoms all across Europe. These strangers from the north were often looked upon as savages and were thought of as the embodiment of Dark Age barbarism. While it may be true that the Norsemen were quite brutal in combat; it would be a mistake to think of them as mindless animals who commit to nothing but destruction (Stock Page1).
When you think of Vikings you think of the blood thirsty pillages who plundered villages and killed many innocents.But the info presented shows that the Vikings were like every other colony back then trying to adapt to the changing world and survive in it.For example document seven says that the Vikings could not keep up with the growing population. This caused food shortages to be common problem which led into Viking raids. This would allow them to keep up with the demand for food.And since the Vikings had expert exploring skills along with their amazingly crafted boats it was very easy to sneak up unsuspecting villages.that not all the Vikings did they had very humble lifestyles back then.
Ravagers, Pirates, pagans: These words sums up the Vikings for the people who lived in europe during medieval times. Although the Vikings are seen as barbaric fighters, they brought many important technological inventions and had many achievements that made a great impact on european culture.
As we have seen, the introduction of Christianity to the Vikings had significantly contributed to the end of the Viking Age in mid 11th Century, not only due to the persuasive Christian missionaries, and the realization of the benefits of Christianity, but also the forcible nature of Scandinavia king’s conversion of their subjects (which will be looked into in more detailed in due course). One must bear in mind that most of the evidence we have on the conversion of the Vikings is through archaeological excavations, as Gareth Williams explains that “we can see it in the archaeological evidences [that] Pagans buried their dead with grave goods, but Christians normally didn't, and this makes it relatively easy to spot the change in religion.”
The Vikings were a group of Germanic sea dwellers who traded with and raided towns all across Europe out of their Scandinavian homeland. During the late 8th to 11th centuries they ruled all of Europe through their barbaric ways. Even other cultures outside of Europe saw the barbaric ways in which the Vikings acted towards the villages that they encountered. One such case of this was a Muslim Chronicler, Ibn Fadlan, recounting of the Vikings as “[T]he filthiest of God’s creatures.” While they were very savage in their actions, this very trait gave them the ability to be able to roam through and ravage an entire town fully unopposed and within a very miniscule timeframe.
They penetrate countless river systems of Western Europe and attack settlements. They keep on discovering new islands in the North Atlantic and reached Iceland in 770 AD (Love, 2006, p. 4). It was then largely an inhabitant land with a small population of Irish monks. However, they Vikings moved further and reached Greenland and North America in the 10th century. They, later on, make efforts to establish settlements in the modern day L'Anse aux Meadows, which is now a historic site of archaeological importance in Canada.
The horror in their bloody faces, the anguish as you witness your own village getting ransacked by barbaric blood hunger Vikings. The Vikings are savages who have zero knowledge of morals and have no sympathy. Instead of laughing and watching them terrorize the peace, we need them to leave us alone as fast as possible. As you may have heard recently, my own small village two weeks ago was pillaged by the Vikings. It was ransacked and torn but what was the reason why?
Evidence Source: On great travels in the military men would be willing to stay abroad to serve Frankish or Byzantine rulers as mercenaries, to help the Viking kingdom. They would sneak on pretend to be another man and slowly get to higher ranks to kill the high leading government leaders. They thereby became a factor in European politics. The Vikings were frequently employed by European princes to take down another; this of course led to Vikings in the same side killing each
Violent ‘problem solving’ was a prominent aspect of ancient Nordic culture. According to Dori Starnes, the Viking Era was marked by warfare. Viking thanes would rule from mead halls which doubled as defensive fortresses. Certain other cultural aspects inform us that these people lived in a warrior based society. For instance, success in
Trade played a major role in the Viking expansion as many trades ended up as raids. However, the Vikings established many trade routes throughout Europe. They also set up many trade centers. As well as this, craftsmen and merchants went to England, Germany and other countries to barter their goods. These trades were usually only performed once or twice every year.
Viking activity in Ireland is synonymous with two of the Vikings most prominent activities, consistent raiding and slavery, often interlinked with each other. However despite being quite heavily associated with the Vikings, slavery was still evident in pre-Viking Ireland, though often deemed rare and unusual when it happened. However during the Viking dominance in 9th century Ireland, slave trading became systematic and very common. This systematic slave trade was established over time as raiding and slavery became more prevalent in Ireland, by reviewing the course and establishment of Viking slave trade we can assess the impact The Viking Slave Trade had on the early medieval Ireland.
In Viking society every freeman was expected to own a weapon and be familiar with its use. Weapons had a major impact on Viking society for many diverse reasons. Depending on what they could afford, every free Viking must have been able to use a weapon, a weapon like a spear was very common as it was cheap and easy to make and a weapon like a sword was only common to people with a higher social ranking and someone with more money. In the Viking culture honour played a very important role; any discouragement of honour was sorted through using weapons. As well as honour, pride was very important to the Vikings.
There are finds where parts of skull are actually hacked off and arm bones hacked into multiple parts. This clearly constitutes an evidence of some conflict for dominance in the region. Of course, it is impossible to determine at this time, if the fight happened between the local people and the Scandinavian group or between two rival leaders and their followers, however, it is significant indication that struggle for power and dominance took place outside the established borders of Scandinavia. There have been even attempts to link this find to the famous King Ingvar from Inglingasaga, (Heimskringla) although it is, of course, impossible to prove or disprove such hypothesis. In any case, it indicates the presence of significant military force of well-equipped men in the region.