Aristotle proposes that eudaimonia is the most intrinsically valuable. Eudaimonia is defined as happiness, or well-being. Happiness is probably the best English word to translate eudaimonia, the term also has relations with fulfillment, success, and flourishing. A person who is eudaimon is not just merely enjoying life but is relishing life by living magnificently. One’s reputation and success, different than one’s emotional welfare, can be affected after death, which makes Aristotle’s discussion of eudaimonia after death significantly more relevant.
He believes that happiness is achieved through a life full of virtue as well as the expansion of reason and the ability of greater wisdom. This is why we take various actions, to ensure enough outer goods to obtain health, leisure time and the ability to have virtue in our lifespan. Furthermore, another point Aristotle emphasizes, is that moral virtue is located somewhere between extremes and deficiency. That’s where the Greek saying “παν μετρον αριστον” comes from, meaning everything is good but don’t over or under do it. Keep everything in moderation, except virtue.
A person who is virtuous exhibits all the virtue principles that were listed by Aristotle. These virtues include temperance, courage, magnanity, liberty, proper ambition, magnificence, wittiness, patience, modesty, truthfulness, indignation, and friendliness. Although all these virtues are important, leaders in professional and educational organizations would need the value of proper ambition, patience, courage, magnificence, friendliness and truthfulness. In leadership, thus, professions involve dealing with young people who are experiencing life and what it has to offer. Therefore, dealing with them will require all these virtues (Dudley,
A code of ethics can be thought of as a moral compass that helps one decide how to act in critical moments. Ethics is particularly important for those who are in a position of power in corrections, as these individuals have the greatest influence over their employees. Officers in correctional facilities make extremely critical decisions every day and their choices have a profound effect on lives. It is therefore imperative that these men and women do what is right and are free of biases. Corrections professionals must have character and exemplify good ethical conduct.
In the same paper by Fredrickson et al. (2013), states that eudaimonism “results from striving towards meaning and a noble purpose beyond simple gratification”. In other words, happiness in life comes from self-growth, surmounting
A virtue is an acquired human quality that allows one to achieve personal happiness. Virtue is also by definition the moral excellence of a person where a morally excellent person has a character made up of virtues also known as good. Most of the ancient thinkers came to ethics by asking “what traits of character make someone a good person?” As a result, “the virtues” occupied centre stage in their discussion. According to Aristotle, a virtue is a trait of character manifested in habitual action that is good for a person to have. For example, virtues for a teacher would be being knowledgeable, articulate and patient.
In the article “Nicomachean Ethics” Aristotle talks about how virtue is needed for a person to have happiness in their life. A virtuous person is a person that is living with high morally standards and that is living by the great of goodness. Aristotle talks about two different types of virtue. One being Virtue of thoughts and the other being virtue of characters. Virtue of thought is believed to be a good characteristic.
Aristotle’s moral philosophy called virtue ethics and based on his theory of the golden mean. He wrote about this in his book called Nicomachean Ethics, in which he explains the origin, nature and development of virtues, which are necessary to obtains life’s ultimate goal of happiness. He tries to show that ethical virtues are no different from skilled laborers; these workers know how to avoid excess and deficiencies to make the right product. This is how he describes virtue as the mean between the extremes of excess and deficiency. The mean is what will directly provide each individual with happiness.
In Greek philosophy, the notion of arête, virtue or excellence applies to anything that derives it from its characteristic use on the existence of a thing and whatever disposition enables it to. The ancient Greek culture has recognized a conventional set of virtues, which the Greeks asserted the virtue for pride. They included the notion of courage itself, justice, temperance and wisdom incorporated into daily Greek life. Human virtue accordingly, is whatever enables human beings to live the best possible life according to what these virtues dictate or in other words, it is simply to be happy. Ethics is the study of morality.
In order to do this, we need to 'know thyself ' and become as learned as we can, knowing the good for all, while also being humble. We are all naturally good people, so we must promote the good in the world. According to Aristotle, however, happiness, his goal for all humans is not that easy to obtain. He claims that "happiness is a certain sort of activity of the soul in accord with virtue (Aristotle, p.12). On the Aristotelian model of how to obtain happiness, it deals a great deal with the issue of particulars.