in the congress building because that is where congress meets to discuss new bills, which eventually become acts or laws. The alien and sedition acts were enforced all over the U.S., but areas with many Republican supporters were affected the most because the acts were directed at immigrants and Republican supporters. One place where someone was tried and arrested for violating the Sedition law was Vermont. The alien act was passed because people did not want the “dangerous” French I their country because of the French revolution (Not unlike Trump’s reaction to Muslims because of ISIS).
An argument that is made is the notion of Congress not having enough time to deliberate and declare war. What if the country is suddenly attacked? Is it fair for the country to sit on their hands and wait for them to make up their minds when action needs to be taken immediately. The argument of a state of emergency is the loophole that the presidents over time have used to their advantage. Schlesinger says of the Cold War-era presidency, “The imperial presidency was essentially the creation of foreign policy.
German foreign secretary requested that Mexico declare war on the US if the Unites States declare war on Germany. President Woodrow Wilson requested that Congress declared war on Germany and stating “The world must be made safe for democracy”. Congress declared war on April 6 and President Wilson signed the war deceleration the next day April 7. Wilson said that the United States was not fighting as an Allied power but fighting only for moral reasons, namely to protect democracy from tyranny to promote peace throughout the world. Congress enacted a selective service bill in 1917 with a purpose of drafting young men into going in armed forces.
Beginning in the 1880s, the Senate began to have a filibuster occur about once every two years.10 This emergence of filibustering was met with opposition. Frustrated Senate leaders began attempting to pass legislation that would limit the use of the filibuster, such reform attempts occurred in 1850, 1873, 1883, and 1890.11 Finally in 1917, filibuster reform was finally successfully passed with the adoption of Rule XXII as requested by President Wilson.12 Rule XXII established cloture that would end debate with a two-thirds majority.
On the domestic aspect, citizens were beginning a new chapter in which they did not trust the government. Stemming back to Lyndon B Johnson and the Credibility Gap of the Vietnam War, the most recent, most devastating attitude change surrounded the Watergate Scandal and the aftermath. During Nixon’s presidency, he was attempting to bug the Democratic Party headquarters located in the Watergate Hotel. While his henchmen were placing the bugs, they were caught, thus causing a huge controversy amongst Americans. Although Nixon attempted to cover up his ties to the break in, it eventually came out that he ordered it to be done.
In September of 1939, World War II had officially begun. Before the war started, Germany, lead by Adolf Hitler had begun to take over many other countries around Europe including Austria and Czechoslovakia while also allying themselves with other countries such as Russia and Japan(Sharpe 6). When Germany sought after Poland, Britain gave them un ultimatum to pull out of the country and when they did not do so Britain was at war. In December the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor which is when the United States declared war against the Japanese. Due to our close relations with the U.S at this time, it also created a huge hatred for the Japanese in Canada(Sharpe 8).
Eisenhower believed that focusing on a military during the Cold War could escalate the nuclear arms race to an all-out nuclear war, but JFK thought America 's Cold War strategy needed to be remilitarized. This is similar to when Clinton refused to authorize missions to eliminate Osama Bin Laden, but when Bush is elected, he declares War on Terror while expands the size and authority of all national security organizations Inside the U.s government. Keck also mentions Obama’s efforts , “Obama, like Eisenhower, quickly began prosecuting the war against al-Qaeda largely by relying heavily on America’s technological advantages and more aggressive covert operations run largely by the CIA…the Obama administration is worried that it(the strategy)will eventually face blowback from its actions and therefore hopes to rein itself in. This is prudent strategy, but it remains to be seen whether this attempt will succeed or, like the U.S. during the 1960s, Washington will unnecessarily re-escalate its campaign again.” Bill Clinton, George Bush, and Obama’s efforts against the War on Terror reflect the efforts put forth by Harry
Malcolm X Assassination Assignment Rough Draft The assassination of Malcolm X, an essential figure in the civil rights movement, was unjust because it significantly hampered the progression of the civil rights movement; however, others though his death was necessary to halt the vocalization of the “radical” civil rights activist Malcolm X. This unforeseen inhumanity not only affected African Americans but Asian Americans, Hispanics, and even Europeans. This event impeded the learning of the politicians and regular people who were learning from his teachings and non-other such as Kochiyama Yuri, and even Martin Luther King himself. Due to the unjust actions of Thomas Hagan America has decreased the growth of minority empowerment in many ways. First, Malcolm X was inspirational in many aspects and his upbringing added to this aspect.
The Klan burned churches, schools and drove thousands from their homes. The lack of police involvement made Congress passed the Force Bill in 1871, giving the federal government the power to prosecute the Klan. Dedicated officials could convict Klan Members and break up the Klan’s
In Document 6 it states, ¨ in order for the US to succeed they would need to invade Mexico.¨ This led to many deaths in the Mexican culture. A lot of Mexicans had to move away from the danger and the wars that were bound to happen. When the war between Mexico and the US occurred, Mexico lost a lot of land. On the website "ThoughtCo" it says, “ the Mexican lands were considerably harder to attain.¨
War Power Reform When it comes to war-making powers, both the legislative and the executive branches play a major role determining the course of action. Constitutionally the legislative branch has the power to declare war, but the president (executive branch), without Congress’s permission, can “make” war. This is due to the War Powers Resolution, which was enacted by Congress in 1973 to keep the president in check.
Sending his forces to stop the fighting, many of his officials were working for Roosevelt. On August 19, he and his fellow fighters, fought for Mossadegh to resign. This is how America during the Cold War era overthrew Iran. “All knew they had changed the course of Iranian history (128).” This was not really a success because we invaded their territory because the British told America that Mossadegh was a communist and was not really clear as to why they needed American help.
The new order is becoming a reality shown on the map where Japan has control of most of East Asia which consists of Manchuria, China, and French indochina by 1940 (Doc.B). So in order to carry out their plan, United States needed to be removed leading to the attack on Pearl Harbor. Japan attacked Pearl Harbor because the U.S. was becoming a threat with their rapid growth in their Navy. Naval Expansion Act was passed on July of 1940 which would allow the U.S. to triple their naval ships by 1944 (Doc.C). This starts to worry Japanese prime minister and war minister Hideki Tojo, who later meets up with top Japanese officials on November of 1941, to secretly talk about the United States Naval Expansion and how it is a danger to Japan future
In the time that an executive order exists, or troops movements are made, irreparable damage can be done before the congress can fix the president’s mistakes. An example of this is in the Vietnam War. President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered an attack on North Vietnam after three “unprovoked” North Vietnamese cruisers attacked a United States boat on a “standard patrol”. The boat was actually on a signalling intelligence mission far into Vietnamese waters. The United States was forced to go to war after the first United States attack, as Vietnam was planning on fighting back.
Senator Harry Truman supported Roosevelt’s plan to rebuild and established the nation’s defense. He believed that President Roosevelt’s four freedoms speech had shown the president at his best. Roosevelt was adamant that America should act as an arsenal for all nations were actively engaged in war with aggressor nations. He told Congress and the American people that those nations in defense of democracy did not “need manpower but they do need billions of dollars’ worth of weapons of defense.” Realizing that the allies may not will not be able to pay in cash for their munitions and supplies FDR took his land lease proposal a step further.