Essay On Water Pollution In Australia

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Water Pollution in China and Australia
TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION 2
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND EXTENT 3
CAUSES IN CHINA AND AUSTRALIA 4
HOW WATER POLLUTION HAS EVOLVED OVER TIME 6
CONSEQUENCES 7
MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES 9
BIBLIOGRAPHY 10 INTRODUCTION
There are many environmental changes taking place globally which are having serious and long-lasting impacts on natural ecosystems, economies and communities. One of these environmental changes taking place globally is water pollution. Water pollution is when toxic or harmful materials are dissolved, suspended or deposited on the bed in bodies of water such as groundwater, lakes, rivers or oceans etc. This environmental change affects both China and Australia. Water pollution in China and Australia has brought several changes to their respective environments and have similar causes and consequences, affecting major cities, towns and villages. The level of severity and how much it affects their populations is different between the two countries, with China’s contamination of water sources and effects on the people on an immense scale compared to Australia. In China, 14 out of 31 provinces failed to meet their water quality targets. According to a 2012 report,“up to 40 percent of China’s rivers were seriously polluted” and 20
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With more factories, farms and a higher population, it is certain there will be an increased amount of water pollution. Over time, water quality has deteriorated (thediplomat.com, 2013). In the Huai river basin, “the water pollution began in the 70s but seriously increased after the 1980s” and in 2011, the quality of the water has deteriorated compared to earlier years. As shown in Figure , from 2001 to 2010, the water stress has increased overall due to the increased amount of industries, leading to higher water pollution. Now, several major rivers have changed colour and some parts are too contaminated for human

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