Although China is the main concern, the air pollution throughout the world is also detrimental as “98% of cities in low- and middle-income countries with more than 100,000 inhabitants do not meet WHO air quality guidelines. However, in high-income countries, that percentage decreases to 56%” (“Air pollution,” 2016, para. 2). The reason that air pollution is extremely harmful is that of its increased risk of lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, and chronic and acute respiratory diseases, including
With an upcoming development and world’s global climate change are causing many degradation of water and its sources. Water resources and its reservoirs are greatly being affected by anthropogenic action or natural phenomenon. When talking about water pollution, we should consider that it is not only about water quality but also about water quantity. Water pollution in Japan had been issue even before the industrialization, especially during “Japan’s Meji Period (1868-1912)”, when “Ashio Copper Mine” dumped huge amount of waste water into Watarase River and greatly hamper the residents (Water Environmental Management in Japan, n.a). It seems that with industrialization and urbanization, the water problem become more severe in Japan.
This change occurs mainly in climate’s patterns that include temperature, precipitation, wind and humidity. We are experiencing a wide-range of impacts because Earth is warming up; this is an effect caused by the increase in the amount of atmospheric gasses, mainly carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. (Department of ecology, n.d.) Climate change has impacted most ecosystems in negative ways. For example, ice in the North Pole has been reduced by 12 percent per decade for the last 40 years, causing the death of many animals native to the areas and endangering many species that may soon face extinction. The Great Barrier Reef
9.8% of First Nations adults reported heavy drinking on a weekly basis (8.0% for Canadian population). 65% of First Nations living in First Nations communities reported drinking alcohol in the previous year (82% for Canadian population).” (uOttawa, 2017) In addition to, Urbanization has likewise added to the adverse health outcomes of the Aboriginal people. As they move to more urban regions, there is additionally a rapid increase in lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and drug and substance abuse. The upsurge in those diseases is a consequence of the unhealthy, high intake of fat, salt and low fiber eating regimen related with
When liquids and other materials begin to degrade, they release a juice that can be toxic if consumed. Leachate can not only be stored by the soil and make it less fertile, but also contaminate the source of water that is close by. This liquid can completely ruin the whole water system for those that depended on it. Water pollution has increased over the last couple of years and “in the U.S. 40% of rivers and lakes are considered too polluted to support normal activities”
The biggest threat to the coral reef’s future is climate change, which affects the temperature of the water and causes coral reefs to die if too hot, or too cold. 70% of coral reefs worldwide are being damaged by climate change, and not only the Australia Great Barrier Reef. Pollution, including sediment, nutrient and pesticide pollution from heavy rain, is impacting severely the health and resilience of the reef’s ecosystem. The amount of sediment flowing into the sea had quadrupled over the past 150 years, caused by the grazing and cropping expansion that brings fertilizers and pesticides into the sea. Petrol released by boats and factories, is then flowed into the sea, harming the coral reefs as well as sea life.
Nations in the Middle East have an increasing population that is demanding more and more water every day. Water that the countries don't have, and is water that is being misused and wrongly administered by the government. In Gaza what's called a "hydrological nightmare," seawater intrusion and the leakage of sewage has made 95 percent of the coastal aquifer unfit for human consumption. (Pipes, 2015, p. 1). We can see how bad decisions made by countries have caused them to carve their own grave.
LITERATURE REVIEW What is water pollution? As the country is becoming more and more populated, the demands for social services have increased significantly. This has led to an increase of the pollution in many developing towns such as Ga-kgapane. The most disturbing and problematic forms of pollution in Ga-kgapane is the pollution of the natural streams. Water pollution is when there is a build of one or more substances in water to such an extent that it causes problems for animals or plants.
The ocean is nowadays undergoing numerous environmental issues that further lead to marine pollution. Marine pollution is a very serious environmental issue that most of the countries of the world encounter. Aquatic littering is considered as one of the major causes of marine environment. The misleading use of the marine environment is extremely impacting the marine life and ecosystems. Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world.
Millions of people have faced with living-and-death issue due to constant use of contaminated water. Polluted water source causes the deleterious impact on the community. The common consequence is the rising rate of people at higher risk of acute and chronic diseases relating to water pollution such as dermatitis, digestive diseases, diarrhea, and cancer has risen. In several regions, patients diagnosed with cancer, gynecologic infections account for 40-50% of cases, due to polluted water sources. Polluted water and poor sanitation claim the lives of about 9,000 people per year in Vietnam, according to the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.