Often, these exclusive economic zones are marked out by governments for use by private enterprises, creating or exacerbating resource distribution inequalities. Aquaculture development now runs the risk of following the same pattern of industrial agricultural development, one that breeds inequitable access especially with regards to small-scale and communal farmers. As Neiland, Soley, Varley and Whitmarsh (2001) asserts, the distribution of resources and other advantages is biased in favor of those who have the necessary experiences for confronting the political bureaucracy of the city, and puts small-scale aqua farmers, whose assets are traditional knowledge of the water and climate, at a relative disadvantage. The sea bass and sea bream industry, for example, is now dominated by a handful or large multinational corporations - eg. Dias, Selonda, Nireus - as they benefit from scale economics and better access to capital (Jullien & Smith, 2015).
The element of river is merely viewed as a thing of subjugation depicting mechanical strength through human power to out rule nature between the chaos of the sacredness and modernity. Keywords: Culture, nature, industrialisation, river, modernity Earlier Culture was defied to be a noun of process: the tending of something, basically crops or animals”, or “skilled human activities through which non-human nature is encompassed and transformed”. One of the marks of the culture of environmental criticism today is that the place of culture in relation to nature. Ecocritics like Snyder and Berry redefine culture and cultural practices so as to reconnect them more closely with nature. Hence Raymond Williams rightly calls culture “one of the two or three most complicated words in the English language”.
This report provides information about water logging and its adverse effects. The report finds that water logging has worst effects on productivity. It is agreed that one of the greatest problem in our agriculture land is “water logging”. This paper highlights the production loss or many different negative effects of water logging and highlights the economic loss due to the problem of water logging which threaten the sustainability of agriculture production. Water logging refers to the saturation of soil with water, usually through irrigation, resulting in a condition under which most crop plants cannot grow.
ABSTRACT Livestock farming is one of the factors that caused water pollution due to direct deposition of animal wastes within river. Monitoring water quality index can be used as a method to access the health of any river. As we know, there are lacks of water analysis in rural areas especially due to livestock farming waste discharge in Malaysia. Moreover, inadequate water analysis data due to constrain budget and bad planning are the regular problems happened in our country. A method is proposed for determine the impact of livestock farming on water quality at Tampoi Besar River, Kuala Langat.
Along with the attempt to improve and modernize the society’s daily living on a global scale, it has triggered the occurrence of series of natural phenomena which threatens the most significant facets of life including the basic necessities. The endeavor of surmounting the standard pace of advancement has reached even the third world countries’ interest in parallelizing advancement with development while disregarding the possible repercussions (Cackler, 2008). Consequently, the developing nations have suffered from the changes and the Philippines is not an exemption. Being situated in the Pacific Ocean within the coverage of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the Philippines has been challenged with the emergence of shifts in the weather pattern like
According to the National Water Act (1998), the fair distribution of water is of extreme importance, and water measuring is applied to verify the extraction of water against an allocation. Most water sources are managed by Water Users Associations, which has to see to it that only the quantity of water allocated to each specific farm is pumped by or delivered to the farm for irrigation purposes. It is the farmer’s prerogative to utilise the allocated amount to the best of his ability through choice of irrigation system and good management. Water measuring, or determining of flow rate, is an aid for the effective distribution of water and is usually applied for the sake of legal requirements, management requirements, or both. A wide variety of measuring devices is available commercially and at the onset of implementation of water measuring, the following must be
The products from the farm should be more pricy since they are the one who plant and harvest. Lastly, promoting the agribusiness would help the Philippines’ agriculture in exporting, so that Filipinos will be more familiarized in handling farms.. In applying capitalism, Amadeo (2017) stated that capitalism is an economic system where private entities own the factors of production. The factors are entrepreneurship, capital, goods, natural resources and labor. Philippine has lot of farmers but does not have a land to harvest.
In the study of Tadem (1990), it was emphasized that the farmers should actively participate in the implementation of agrarian reform. In a separate study, Ramos (2011) cited the hindering of ARBs from leading the agricultural sector as the reason behind the failure to mobilize small farmers. He also said in his study that we should see small farmers and ARBs as contributors to the agricultural development of the country. By recognizing the strength and skills of small farmers and ARBS, participating in the local and global market, and partnering with farm cooperatives and corporations, there might be a chance for small farmers and ARBs, as well as the Philippines, to achieve economic and agricultural development. Meanwhile, in the study
With the advent of New Economic Policy adopted since 1991, the scenario has changed drastically. At this time Ms. Rikin Gandhi after working for the United States Space Program as an aeronautical engineer, strong-willed to help Indian farmers with his project ―Digital Green sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with the alliance of Non Governmental Organizations. Agriculture is the prime mover of economic growth in Jammu and Kashmir. The state has a paramount role in food production, processing and food security of the Country. The state ranked no.1 in terms of production of apples and dry-fruits.
Guided by the principles of the Agrikulturang Pilipino (Agri-Pinoy) framework, the National Rice Program integrates government initiatives and interventions for the agriculture sector, namely: food security and self-sufficiency, sustainable resource management, support services from farm to table, and broad-based local partnerships. What are the objectives of the Agri-Pinoy Rice