Essay On What Impact Did Garvey Have On African Americans

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In the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, African American leaders developed a number of philosophies that targeted the problems African Americans faced. During this period of time African American faced many obstacles. As racism reached its high point, African Americans lost many civil rights gains that were created during Reconstruction. The Civil War Reconstruction was unsuccessful because it was supposed to guarantee full freedoms to all citizens to the freed slaves. As a result, many things like Anti-black violence, lynching, segregation, legal racial discrimination, and expressions of white authority increased. In the early years of the 20th century, Booker T. Washington, W. E. B. Du Bois, and Marcus Garvey established challenging…show more content…
His impact on African American history and political movements comes from the time he spent in the United States from 1916 to the late 1920s. Garvey believed that white society would never accept black Americans as equals. Therefore, he called for the separate self-development of African Americans within the United States. In 1920, over 20,000 people attended Garvey 's first Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) in New York. The convention produced a "Declaration of Negro Rights," which criticized lynching, segregated public transportation, job discrimination, and inferior black public schools. The UNIA set up many small black owned businesses such as restaurants, groceries, a publishing house, and even a toy company that made black dolls. Garvey 's goal was to create a separate economy and society run for and by African Americans. Washington and Garvey were very similar in their terms of independence and of economic stress. The big difference between the two is that blacks condemned Washington for his acceptance of White supremacist and unequal separation while Blacks praised Garvey because of his public support of race
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