Spinal Stenosis- Overview- Spinal Stenosis is a condition in which there is narrowing of the spinal canal. This is commonly seen in the lumbar and cervical spine. Lumbar spine stenosis is often accompanied by nerve impingement. It includes central as well as lateral recess stenosis. In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility.
Mechanical back pain is linked to the movement or “mechanics” of the spine. It refers to any type of pain being experienced when there is an abnormal amount of stress placed on the structures of the spine and its accessory tissues such as the vertebrae, vertebral disc, nerves, muscles, joints, ligaments, and tendons, resulting in inflammation. Research shows that 97% of back pain cases are attributed to mechanical back
However, the findings of EDS contain laxity and weakness of joints. At the early age, chronic pain develop a joint disease called osteoarthritis. It has elastic skin, fragility skin, blood vessels and membranes. Tissue fragility can affected the people who have experience of bruise, bleeding and wound is not healing properly. Many people who have EDS, the symptoms can happen in childhood.
The diabetic foot is a notorious condition that podiatrists treat frequently. Multi-factorial in its development, the diabetic foot is a complex complication of diabetes mellitus1. Characteristically, the condition results in an increase in pressures acting on the plantar aspect of the foot, resulting in tissue destruction1. Alterations in anatomical structures force the foot to adapt in order to maintain some function, and in doing so, alters the biomechanics of the lower limb1. Pathological changes become increasingly prevalent and prevention of tissue destruction becomes exceedingly difficult1.
According to the International Association for the Study of pain, “neuropathic pain is a complex type of pain which is caused by a lesion or dysfunction in the nervous system (1).” Neuropathic pain can have a major impact on the functioning and quality of life of those who suffer from it; it can be central or peripheral pain. Central neuropathic pain is when damage occurs directly to the central nervous system such as the brain and spinal cord and peripheral pain is when the pain originates from damage to peripheral nerves, nerve plexus or nerve root ganglions (1). It can occur as a result of many conditions such as strokes, diabetes, spinal cord injury, amputation or as a result of chemotherapy (1). In stroke patients this pain can begin in the hemiplegic shoulder but can also affect other areas of the upper limb. According to Zeilig et al, this pain affects rehabilitation as it results in a longer period of hospitalization and can decrease functioning in the upper limb (2).
Motor neurons are a type of cell in the nervous system that control the function of muscles. ALS often begins with muscle twitching and weakness in the arms or legs. It can also begin with slurring of the speech. Some symptoms of ALS, later on, can include difficulty walking or doing normal daily activities, weakness in feet, legs, or ankles. Hand weakness is also another sign of ALS, along with trouble swallowing and muscle cramps in the shoulders and tongue.
The body’s internal system struggles to keep up, causing discomfort. The body cannot warm up enough or cool down in a normal manner. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can cause a variety of muscle or joint-related problems. Hypothyroidism can create a lot of muscle and joint-related symptoms. These symptoms include swelling of muscles, swelling muscles that are pressing on nerves.
Lumbar strain is an injury of the tendons, ligaments, or muscles of the low back induced by overstretching. (Medicinenet.com). Other causes of back pain include scoliosis and fibromyalgia. Scoliosis is abnormal curvature of the spine, and fibromyalgia is a disease that includes muscle fatigue and chronic pain in the muscles and surrounding joints. (Dictionary.com) Muscle strain may be caused by many things such as constantly bending, falling, being
For Benjaminse, fatigue plays the biggest role in causing an achilles tendon tear. When an athlete is fatigued during while playing a sport, they are more likely to have limited control over neuromuscular junction which causes the athlete to have ill-advised movement patterns. Benjaminse’s idea to achilles tendon injuries that are caused by fatigue is to implement implicit motor learning. “The decreased capacity for controlling body movements after fatigue will potentially be more prominent when appropriate landing techniques have been taught in an explicit manner”. (Benjaminse) Motor learning consists of an athlete repetitively performing a certain movement that is often executed in sports.