The Bubonic Plague, decimated nearly sixty percent of Europes entire population in the middle of the 14th century. Leaving nothing but death in its tracks, the bubonic plague derived the name the Black Death. Cases of this deathly plague were first reported in 1347, and gradually increased as the disease began to flourish from city to city. During this time, temperatures in Europe had significantly dropped, the heavy rainfall created widespread crop failures, which forced peasants to migrate towards heavily populated cities, just to survive. The population in urban areas soon tripled, as over crowding and severe poverty began to take place.
More cities were ransacked by barbarians and the Emperor’s reign diminished. The Eastern Empire was able to thrive for another few centuries, until they eventually died out. There are many more factors that contributed in the fall of Rome. But political corruption, inflation and barbarian invasions were what did it. They’d cheat for the Emperor’s throne, decrease the value of coins and barbarians would take over their cities.
Did you know that from 1875 to 1900 there were 26 million deaths caused by famine in India? As the East India Company (Britain) saw India growing weaker they took that as an advantage and sent troops to India and defeated them. Britain soon took power over India, They formed a group of Indian Soldiers called sepoys to join their army. Starting out, Britain improved many things, but after a while they started taking advantage of India by using their raw materials and people to grow their own empire. British Rule in India resulted in the in them taking over the government, taking all the material from the Indians and destroying their land and ending in a large amount of India's population dead because of famine.
The destruction of the earthquake and the fires that followed resulted in the estimated death of more than 3,000 citizens, property damage of $400,000,000, and homeless population of 200,000. With nearly every building leveled and the majority of citizens scattered throughout the city, large companies and businesses were forced to shut down or relocate, damaging the city's economy even greater. As a result, nearly every citizen of San Francisco was left jobless and unable to care for themselves or their family. In addition to the sudden skyrocket in unemployment, a large sum of San Francisco's refugees in need of urgent care could no longer wait for municipal or federal support and began relocating in available sources of aid such as Oakland. In response, social developments like relief services in San Francisco and from around the country organized throughout the city in an attempt to keep its population from lowering any further by providing aid for victims
Chaos probably ran rampant among Indian villages as many of its inhabitants suffered from disease. Native American society was probably more tranquil before it suffered from disease. A specific example of how disease impacted society can be seen when it killed over half of the Inca population and killed their dictator, Huayna Capac. This caused a war of succession to start and allowed for Pizarro and his small group of soldiers to to defeat the Inca. Spanish forces were able to capture the Inca capital of Cuzco which pretty much symbolized the defeat of a civilization that had around one hundred years of history.
The empire lasted for about 1,226 years before its “fall” in 476 CE. Critics argue rhat political instability helped bring about the “Fall” of Rome, however, the military mistakes were the primary reason behind the decline of the empire. First of all, one of the dominant reasons for the fall of Rome was the slothfulness of the army. According to the Document B Vegetius excerpt, “... because of negligence and laziness, parade ground drills were abandoned.” The military stopped doing parade ground drills.
Renfrew worked many years developing theories with other archaeologists and anthropologists looking at symbolic evolution within the archaeological record, creating a cognitive-processual theory looking at correlations in human behavior in the lens of an archaeologist (Trigger 2006: 433). It wouldn’t be unreasonable to look into the developments of cognitive process in the development of tools and goods found. You could answer a variety of questions like whether or not something was an environmental adaptation, what in the culture required the use of a certain artifact type. However, there is some variability to theory in which we can analyze, for archaeologists that were interested in looking at the cognitive aspects of archaeology, became more interest in the development mental process within practice, because interpretations of cognition without textual reference proves more difficulty than necessary at times (Trigger 2006: 433-435). This does change with different archaeologists, who adapted various methods to their approaches, which turns the tide for people like Schiffer in 1976, where he theorizes a relationship between the variables of materials objects and variables of behavior (Hodder 1982: 10).
After the Fourth Crusade ended, Constantinople was left in chaos. The city never regained its status as the most powerful and wealthiest city in Asia Minor until six decades later when the Ottoman Empire took conquered the city during the Ottoman Conquests. Art, treasures, and relics that were a thousand year old were taken out of the city as a victory price within three days. The greed of Venice and the gullibility of the Crusaders created the destruction of the strongest city that had existed for over a millennia.The Fourth Crusade was manipulated from the beginning, resulting in the conquest of Constantinople, instead of Egypt and Jerusalem. Despite serving under a Christian flag, the Crusaders defiled the city of Constantinople without
Alexander the Great's legacy is both far reaching and profound. First, his father was able to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander destroyed the Persian Empire forever. More importantly, Alexander's conquests spread Greek culture, also known as Hellenism, across his empire. (338) In fact, Alexander's reign marked the beginning of a new era known as the Hellenistic Age because of the powerful influence that Greek culture had on other people. Without Alexander's ambition, Greek ideas and culture might well have remained confined to
Under the rule of Alexander the Great the empire reached its highest point. Alexander successfully conquered a huge piece of land all the way to the Indus river making it the most powerful empire during the time of the Macedonian Empire. The way the Macedonian Empire was able to conquer this land was because of Alexander’s leadership and his strong powerful army overpowered the other armies he was going against. The reason the Macedonian Empire fell was because of the start of the Roman Empire. When the Roman Empire started you could see a decline in the Macedonian empire which later
Many of the serfs died, so the remaining ones demanded higher wages. More effects of the plague were, that the lack of customers started to drive down the prices of items in stores, this ended the crusades because all the soldiers had died. It weakened the church’s power because people started to question their faith, and everyone blamed the jews for it. Some long term effects were that wages increased, for there was a shortage in labor and land became more
There were many reasons as to why the Roman Empire collapsed. The Roman Empire did not collapse all at once. Rome was split in two and the western half was the first to Collapse which was in 476 A.D./C.E. The eastern half managed to thrive and survive for about 1,000 more years before it collapsed in 1453. Some of the main reasons the Roman Empire collapsed is the rise of Christianity, the Germanic barbarians attacking Rome, and political/military difficulties.