In 366 CE, a “violent and destructive earthquake”(Document F) followed by a tsunami hit the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, leaving Rome shocked and frightened. “Fifty thousand persons had lost their lives in the city of Alexandria alone” according to Edward Gibbon’s The History of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire. The vast loss of lives meant that Rome had fewer defenders for their empire. A concatenation of plagues struck the Rome’s Empire and reduced the population to less than half of what it once was.“A series of plagues...swept over the empire which brought diseases..... [to] areas like the Mediterranean, where no resistance had been established.....The population of Rome decreased from a million people to 250,000”(Document F). Empire’s population decreased, thus leaving Rome with an even smaller army and closer to its “fall”.
The Dust Bowl negatively affected people who lived there in a personal way. By 1940, more than 2.5 million people had fled from the regions affected by the Dust Bowl. Nearly 10 percent moved to California. It was devastating for generations of families because it changed their lives forever. (History.com staff) “2.5m people fled the areas that had been affected by the dust bowl”.
After the Civil War conditions were really bad because a lot of homes and personal properties were destroyed. Because of the War the Union lost 370,000 troop members and the Confederacy lost 260,000. Total 375,000 troop members were injured. Many civilians in the South died because of access to food was infrequent. I believe Reconstruction was necessary because after four long years of war they should move on from it and reunite as one.
The Fall Of Rome Rome was one of the greatest cities in history, and soon enough it died off. My reasons for it dying of, is plague, earthquake, and the huns. I found this information in Document D and Document F. Historians have many reasons they think why Rome eventually died out, leaving an abandoned city. Document D give information on the Huns. The Huns were the definition of savagery, Rome had to go to war with the Huns.
The empire lasted for about 1,226 years before its “fall” in 476 CE. Critics argue rhat political instability helped bring about the “Fall” of Rome, however, the military mistakes were the primary reason behind the decline of the empire. First of all, one of the dominant reasons for the fall of Rome was the slothfulness of the army. According to the Document B Vegetius excerpt, “... because of negligence and laziness, parade ground drills were abandoned.” The military stopped doing parade ground drills.
First of all, the great range of diseases made it almost impossible to stay healthy. “The diseases ranged from the measles, smallpox, mountain fever, and cholera, the biggest problem, leaving people dead in 2 hours” (Trinklein). This quote shows how there were many diseases, multiplying the travelers’ chances of death. Another piece of evidence that shows how life on the Oregon Trail was hard is the medical knowledge at the time. “Most people who died during the trip west became ill from disease which there was no cure at the time” (Underwood).
As a result of the stock market crash, many families suddenly went into severe debt and lost everything they had. It was October 29, 1929 when this day in the United States got the name of Black Tuesday because of the darkness that had set into their lives. The Great Depression took place until 1939, and it was during those ten years millions of Americans lost their jobs and the rate of unemployment hit the highest it has ever been. Families were compelled to sell their homes, belongings and did not make enough money to afford enough food. The movie Cinderella Man (2005) by Ron Howard, is based on the true story of James J. Braddock, famous boxer, who had it all before the Great Depression.
Droughts can also affect farmers, due to it being so hot that their plants die. Farmers lose money during droughts. The Robert Lee, Texas drought is the worst drought the town has suffered in 116 years. The ground had gotten so hard that at one point it caused the underground pipes to burst, sending the water up onto the streets. The mayor of the town realized what was happening when the reservoir started drying up, at a rapid
Five days later, the day known as “Black Tuesday”, another 16 million shares were traded. After multiple waves of panic, and the wake of the stock market crash, production slowed to an alarming level. For the next few years the United States experienced a drop in consumer spending and investment, which caused a decline in industrial output and a steep rise in unemployment. Factories and other businesses were forced to lower wages and fire several employees. By 1933, thirteen to fifteen million Americans were unemployed, and nearly half of the banks throughout the country failed.
The Dust Bowl delivered a crazy drought to the fields of the Great Plains and crushed the economy during the Great Depression. Massive dust clouds destroyed just about everything from crops, farms, and the lives and jobs of thousands of farmers. This resulted in even more economic despair during the Great Depression. The Dust Bowl happened in the 1930s in the Great Plains due to farmer’s poor cultivation techniques. Although the farmers cultivation options didn 't work, the federal government really helped them out with after five years went by.
The fall of Rome was mainly because of plagues wiping out most of the population. The fall of the Han dynasty began from decentralized rule. However, outside invasions had an effect on the fall of both classical civilizations. Series of plagues began to hit the Rome Empire by the 2nd century. These plagues lowered the population drastically.
Hurricane Sandy destroyed many buildings along the east coast. Sandy was a category one through four hurricane and that is a very dangerous hurricane. Those categories showed in all the destruction that was left after the storm. There were thousands of homes that were destroyed because of the flooding and the high winds that ripped through the towns. Many of people’s homes were not even in the same place because the high flooding picked the houses up off the ground and were move with the water.
The plague then started to infect thousands and thousands until 35% of Europe’s population was deceased. This reduced the world population in total to seventy-five to one hundred million people. Massive loss of life was caused. For a short time war stopped and trade declined. Many of the serfs died, so the remaining ones demanded higher wages.
Constant exposure to death and disease took their toll, as well. Disease would spread deadly and fast due to poor sanitation and the close quarters soldiers were put in. For example, there were over 1,300,000 cases of diarrhea among Civil War soldiers, and 34,000 of those cases ended in death. In addition to that, surgeries and amputations were responsible for a great deal of death as well, with over 20,000 soldiers dying post-surgery (Civil War 150 Interactive). Much of the death was a result of the fact that surgeons were not knowledgeable on subjects like hygiene or how bacteria spreads.
The United States lost 343 firefighters and this was a huge impact on many families and engine companies. “On Sept. 11, at the World Trade Center, it suffered the loss of 343 firefighters,” (Frazier, 1). Many fire departments lost many crew members and brothers. This affected many families. This also affected the economy too.