Although Wollstonecraft agrees with Rousseau that women are biologically not as strong as men, she does not believe that physical strength is a reason for women to be seen as subsidiary to men. According to Wollstonecraft, the systems of education in place perpetuate socialization among the sexes which results in a society in which women are not using their reason while men lack reason. This knowledge brings the importance of education to the forefront as the current educational system is perpetuating inequalities among women by educated youth to conform to the stereotypical gender norms that are brought on by socialization. To combat the negative aspects brought on through the educational system which perpetuates inequalities brought on by socialization, Wollstonecraft calls for an educational system that focuses on understanding rather than one that nurtures sensibility at the cost of understanding (Wollstonecraft, 82). She believes that the current educational system contributes to some women’s dependence on men as due to the amount of time that women have been dependent, “is it surprising that some
The Renaissance’s attitude towards gender and sexuality was completely different from that of the Middle Ages, which considered women as dangerous sexual creatures. "For the first time in Western history," for example, "men stressed the fact that females should be educated. The Platonic orientation in humanist thought may have spurred them to do so" (Bell, 182). (mohja)Actually, the primary purpose behind the call for women’s education was not to heighten her position in society, or to “overturn her subordinate domestic role”, but to make her a better wife and mother. Indeed, it was only the high rank women who were allowed to be educated*.
Theory The theory that will be used in this paper is the liberalism feminist theory. Liberal feminism has its core in the fight for women to have the same fundamental democratic rights as men. They see women’s lower position in society as a consequence from earlier in history when they have been excluded from political and legal rights, and also that they have been stopped from participating in the work life on the same conditions as men. Instead they have been directed to the private sphere of the family. Historically, liberal feminists have fought for education for women, for legal rights and especially for women’s right to vote.
Indeed, Montaigne, a French philosopher and humanist, had a harder opinion on the idea of women’s education. For him, women should only study what is necessary to know how to be patient, obedient and resigned. According to him, the only thing, which women have of superior, is beauty . Montaigne shows two reasons to prove that women should have a limited access to knowledge. First of all, he thinks that they are not capable to reach the intellectual level of men.
First, we should define feminism. Basically, feminism is a philosophy that advocates equal rights for women and men. The more feminists seek to overthrow any sign of male dominance in our society, to the point where they disapprove the biblical roles of husbands and wives, defending abortion, and so on. Modern feminism is a forged solution to the real issue of the inequality of women. Feminism assumes to itself the right to demand respect and equality in every aspect of life.
For instance in the first chapter of Pride and Prejudice, Mr. Bennet insults women by saying that his daughters apart from Lizzy “are all silly and ignorant like the other girls”. Austen here makes a statement about women and their intelligence. Women themselves show willingness and acceptance of the patriarchal values. They do not resist and acknowledge the belief that men are superior and this is clearly shown in Pride and Prejudice when women accept their fate. At surface reading Mrs. Bennet could be seen as a hypochondriac women but literary theory has suggested that women were seen as inferior and always complaining.
Concluded, when a woman participates in politics, she finally is allowed to speak freely and embody the needs of women. Wollstonecraft worked arduous on her tasked, however, not everyone sees Mary Wollstonecraft as an important enlightenment thinker . The supporters of this position argued Jean- Jacques Rousseau was a more influential enlightenment thinker and developed better ideas of education than Mary Wollstonecraft. Both of them Wollstonecraft and Rousseau were thinkers about education during the Age of the Enlightenment, but their ideas and beliefs couldn’t be more
Their claim was that all people are created equal and should not be denied equality of opportunity because of gender. Liberal Feminist focuses their efforts on social change through the construction of legislation and regulation of employment practices Male power and privilege is the basis of social relations. Sexism is the ultimate tool used by men to keep women oppressed. Men control the norms of acceptable sexual behavior, refusing to reproduce is the most effective way to escape the snares and to speak out against all social structures because they are created by men. The feminist attempted to criticize the dominant order.
While women remained conservative and subservient, this novel roused the spirit of feminism which led to the change in women’s social status by the end of the nineteenth century. Through Catherine, the main protagonist, whose strong and rebellious character was evident throughout the novel, she was able to portray the female consciousness that rejects and abhors the male-dominated society she lived in. She also possessed a strong sense of independence, and sought for happiness through her struggles and battles against the patriarchy. Despite the idea of women being depicted as weak and incapable of thinking for themselves, Catherine’s persona showed that the gentle grace and civility of a Victorian woman did not suit her – she grew up to be wild and unrefined – unlike her sister-in-law,
Such type of women who use misandry as a tool for feminism, go against the very idea of what feminism stood for and stands for i.e., achieving egalitarianism by letting women work alongside men and by empowering women so that they could be equal to men in every aspect. Some sections of feminists seem to think that the world would be a better place if matriarchy replaces patriarchy, and if they could be dominant instead of men. It’s the extremist thinking which has made feminism look like a conspiracy or a man hating cult which wants to replace patriarchy with matriarchy instead of striving for equality between men and women. The problem arises when some women start hating men as a whole, and want to be the dominant sex or when women are ridiculed by women for their choice of relationships like marriage and when they criticize women for wanting to stay at home instead of working. Furthermore, when feminists choose to blame all men instead of the few, just because they have been oppressed or offended by some, they are being sexist as sexism means, discrimination based on sex or gender, or the belief that men are superior to women and thus discrimination is
The “Ain’t I a Woman” report starts by stating that several ministers felt that men were superior to women (p. 1). I hate when I read or hear that men are superior to women because there is no support behind the statement. Men do not possess a gene that makes them more intelligent or stronger than women; therefore, the statement is ridiculous. Many people think that women are incapable of doing things on their own and that men should help them. Sojourner Truth proved them wrong by showing her muscles and stating that she got those muscles from plowing, planting, and gathering without the help from a man (p. 1).
Elyot’s Defense of Women had some great argument. One of the argument was if women has ability to perform the same task as men then both sexes are equal, then rulings the nation should be equal which created a topic of gender equity. Early European history proves that women didn’t have any value as human beside getting married and having children. There was a time in out history when women weren’t allowed to get education or work out side of house as professional. The argument toward gender equality was the stepping-stone in Elyot’s defense of good women.
Margaret Sanger Margaret Sanger, a feminist social reformer, argued that “women cannot be on equal footing with men until they have complete control over their reproductive functions”. Her argument improved our everyday life by providing more information on contraceptives, giving women the power to control their bodies, and changing the role of women and men. Margaret Sanger was determined and dedicated to provide women with information about contraceptives which eventually improved the lives of many women. During the Progressive Era, women had gained a lot more interest in becoming independent by working and improving their education. However, they were still suffering from equal rights with men.
Mary Wollstonecraft wrote in rebellion against the traditional strictures of the behavior of women, recoiling from the traditional social hierarchy that determined the roles of lives and rejected ideas that she felt confined women. She rejected the notion that women were to bow down to men, questioning “who made man the exclusive judge?” and why it was that “the men stand up for the dignity of man, by oppressing the women.” (Letters Written in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark: 1796 Letter 3). By looking to the state to reform education and believing that legislation would end women’s subordination, Wollstonecraft initiated a new era in feminist discourse. If women were not innately inferior, and if they could be educated to be the equals of men, then they could prosper to the same degree as men. Wollstonecraft initiated a new era in European feminism with her outspoken ideas, which were piloted by Richard Price and his followers of the Newington Green Circle.
Wollstonecraft’s feminist view discusses that the problem was not only men inhibiting women, but women themselves were also not pushing against the ideology that men were superior. She continues to explain her new feminist ideology that discusses changes in society that would create equality. This includes a new public education system where boys and girls studied together and learned the same things. Wollstonecraft concludes her