Strain Theory Delia Sanchez Professor Downey December 1, 2016 Abstract In this paper, the many reasons on how strain theory best attests juvenile punishment will be explained. Juveniles often go through many traumatizing events in their lives, and one reason on how to cope with that is, crime. Minors depend on crime for a number of things, such as seeking out a family, a way to rebel against their parents, and looking for a way to quickly “gather” money.
A grasp of the current conflict surrounding the responsibility and direction of the juvenile justice system becomes more obtainable when one takes into consideration how the system has progressed since its inception. The juvenile justice system was created in the late 1800s to reform U.S. policies regarding youth offenders. Since that time, a number of reforms - aimed at both protecting the "due process of law" rights of youth, and creating an aversion toward jail among the young - have made the juvenile justice system more comparable to the adult system, a shift from the United States original intent. In the late 1980s, juvenile crime, especially violent crime, began to increase dramatically (Snyder and Sickmund 1999; McCord et al. 2001;
In summarizing Senate Bill 200 (SB 200), SB 200 offers a more effective use of resources to hold offenders responsible, attain better results for Kentucky youths in the juvenile justice system and their families, and maintain public safety. The amendments to the bill are grounded on recommendations from a bi-partisan, inter-branch task force and extensive stakeholder input. The bill addresses three key points to ensure improved effectiveness and outcomes. Firstly, using the right resources on the right child to produce better outcomes. SB 200 uses the costly resources/treatments on more serious offenders by placing restrictions on the commitment of lower level offenders and the length of time they may be placed out-of-home.
a. Yes, I do believe that juvenile sex offenders should have to register as a sex offender after they become adults. One of the reasons I say this is because adults who are registered are given a stronger procedural safeguards then that of juveniles. Moreover, due to a desire for revenge by others, many juveniles who are registered are put at a severe risk of injury, regardless of the offenders’ risk level to the surrounding area. Lastly, in the example of the Illinois sexting case, making them register as an adult can be less expensive if it results in programs that put juveniles under supervision instead of sex offender status then is may be cheaper to maintain.
If we change the laws and have juveniles tried as adults the crime rate in the United States will greatly decrease. The parents will start teaching their children responsibility and the teenagers will know that their actions will have consequences. There would also be less people in rehab centers as adults because they will learn as teenagers and not need to still be in trouble as adults. There is no reason to give the same crime different penalties because of a person’s age. If they can commit the same crime as an adult then they should pay the same price as an
The very high figure seems to run contrary to other views cited in this paper. You can however argue that executions may be excessive because effective incapacitation can be achieved through life imprisonment, although leaving a risk that the offender might kill again while in prison. Capital punishment can also bring closure for the victim’s family but the delay in conviction often makes this point of little comfort or use to the family. To determine the relative utility of capital punishment one must assess the benefits against the costs of capital punishment. Assessing the contribution of capital punishment to the overall welfare of society is difficult however.
Minimum Driving Age The controversy of raising or maintaining the minimum driving age has been an ongoing feud. More recently, studies have emerged supporting the idea of the minimum age being too low, contributing to the high mortality rate of teenagers due to car crashes. The opposing side of this argument believes addressing other areas of issue with teenage drivers is a better option than raising the minimum driving age.
In Northern Ireland the law of juveniles is different from Ireland and England. Following the 1998 the Good Friday Agreement, an independent review of the criminal justice system was created. This Criminal Justice Review changed the way juveniles were looked at. It created a shift towards the increased use of restorative justice, juveniles within the youth justice system, and also created the incorporation of human rights standards within legislation. After the Criminal Justice Review, more changes were required, these came in the form of the Justice Act (NI) 2002 and 2004.
Additionally, I have identified two propositions that may be decent approaches at addressing this nightmare. In order to successfully address this issue, Latin America needs to implement stricter laws and regulations pertaining to feminicidio. Recently, more laws and regulations have been incorporated in attempts to decrease the amount of killings. Although they continue to expand these laws, I think they can achieve better results through harsher punishments, stricter regulations, and advertising the significance of the issue. Implementing harsher punishments will serve a useful purpose and help rid the country of several criminals.
If nobody puts a stop to the teenagers that are committing crimes than more and more teenagers are going to start committing crimes. When a teen doesnt get big punishment they believe it's okay to continue doing what they're doing. If you don't correct or point out they are doing something wrong then they will never fix it. Imagine living in a world with not so many teens committing crimes. It will be a better world to live in not only for the teens but also for the smaller kids they will have better role models.
Essay Week 5 The Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative isn’t about letting juvenile offenders off the hook with just a slap on the wrist, it is about a more proactive approach that involves the community as whole. JDAI is about reducing the number of juveniles that are being detained and using that information to help make the right decisions for our youth that are considered at risk. The goals of JDAI are to reduce the number of juveniles that are in detention facilities, and to help reform the juvenile justice system. JDAI jurisdictions have achieved a cumulative reduction of 43 percent in average daily population (Casey, 2015)
Typically, when a judge decides to waive the protective rights the juvenile court has on a youthful offender it is for more serious crimes. This can also be applied to minors who have been in and out of the juvenile justice system. Fagan (2008) states that in some instances, transfer decisions made by juvenile courts to try juveniles in adult criminal court was primarily based on the severity of the offense. Some juvenile cases depending upon the severity or nature of the offense are transferred to adult criminal court through a process called a “wavier”.
What are the conditions that allow a juvenile to transfer into the adult court system? Nevertheless, there are times and situations that involve a juvenile to be transferred to the adult court system. Nonetheless, this transfer is done through a process called a waiver. Nevertheless, when a waiver is granted, the juvenile judge is waiving the protections provided by that of a juvenile court. Consequently, there are different considerations that a judge may consider when deciding if to transfer a juvenile to the adult court system.
A key to providing appropriate punishment across a wide range of cases is the transfer process. In some states, judges decide whether to grant the state’s request to move a juvenile to adult court; in others, removal is automatic for certain specified crimes, usually murder. This is how we separate out those few crimes committed by juveniles deserving of adult trial and punishment. Bound over to be tried as an adult on crimes that are seemingly to be committed by adults, but yet are carried out by juvenile offenders, also.