Case studies China Urbanization and farmland conversion in China: China has the world’s largest population with about 1,4 billion inhabitants according to the United Nations (2013). Even though the population is expected to decrease the country is still experiencing a rapid urbanization (United Nations 2013 ). According to the UNs latest world urbanization prospects China’s urban population is expected to grow by 292 millions between 2014 and 2050 which means a rise in the urban population from 54% to 75% (The United Nations 2014) China is also experiencing a great economic growth that leads to farmland conversion, when cropland is converted for urbanization and industrialization purposes (Tan, Beckmann et al. 2009). The growing population and rapid urbanization in combination with increasing farmland conversion is making the government concerned about the food security, and whether or not China will be able to sustain themselves (Tan, Beckmann et al.
Internal migration in the People's Republic of China is one of the most extensive in the world according to the International Labour Organization. In fact, research done by Kam Wing Chan of the University of Washington suggests that “In the 30 years since 1979, China’s urban population has grown by about 440 million to 622 million in 2009. Of the 440 million increase, about 340 million was attributable to net migration and urban reclassification. Even if only half of that increase was migration, the volume of rural-urban migration in such a short period is likely the largest in human history.”Migrants in China are commonly members of a floating population, which refers primarily to migrants in China without local household registration status through the Chinese Hukou system.n general, rural-urban migrant workers are most excluded from local educational resources, city-wide social welfare programs and many jobs because of their lack of hukou status. In
It means that if there have five people on Earth, one is from China Population. It shows that the percentage of China population is very huge. This shows China has an obvious problem of people population has increased rapidly. Thus, the government of China has encouraged people to have family planning. In fact, the population control policy has been carried out for many years, but still they can’t meet their aims.
Therefore in other to keep up with the rising demand of the growing population (not to improve the current situation), food production must increase by 70 percent by 2050 according to FAO. Sub-Saharan Africa has been noted to have the highest proportion of undernourished people in any region. Thus one in four are chronically hungry which reflects that increasing population growth leads to the worsening of the food security problem. The number of hungry people on the African continent continues to
Today the worlds population is growing at 1.15% per year which is 80500000 people annually. Some of the most populated countries of today are India,China,Russia,Brazil and South Africa these countries are also known as the BRIC nations. Population growth does increase demand nevertheless it also volleys workforces with a lot of extra workers, this unfortunately pauperizes wages and increases poverty. It is impossible to see a correlation between population growth and development in 2 or 3 years, In order to see an correlation we have to look about 20 years back so that we can distinguish the impact of all those births entering workforces. Rapid population growth still remains in numerous amount of developing countries.
Constraints for achieving food security: • Over population: over population is one of the Major food security issues in Bangladesh. Bangladesh is the most densely populated large country in the world. Demographic trends indicate that this number will grow to around 220 million by 2050. Bangladesh is currently experiencing rapid population growth and on the brink of severe food shortages in near future. • Poverty: among 40%people in rural Bangladesh live on less than $1.25 per day and 60 percent of that income is spent on food.
Footwear Industry in Bangladesh Although Bangladesh export basket is heavily skewed towards RMG export, several new sectors have cropped up over the last decade. Footwear is one such sector which has tremendous potential to significantly boost country’s export while diversifying the economy’s export basket. Bangladesh’s Footwear Export is growing Bangladesh’s footwear export has doubled during 2010-13 and continues to rise further as illustrated below. Bangladesh is involved in export of components at various stages of footwear value chain ranging from raw materials to work-in-progress such as soles and finished goods like shoes. Bangladesh earned around 419 million USD during 2013 by exporting footwear, with a growth rate of 25% (Export Promotion
INTRODUCTION Bangladesh is experiencing rapid urbanization. From different statistics and findings it is now crystal clear that the urban poor are also an integral growing part of the country’s total number of poor people (Cameron 2013). According to the 2011 Population Census, 31.5 million people (23.3 percent of the population) live in urban areas.1 The vast majority lives in six city corporations and approximately 300 municipalities.2 The urban population is increasing at the rate of 3-6 percent per annum and is expected to reach 50 million in 20503. Though investment is higher in urban areas compared to rural areas, the urban poor are significantly less educated, and their school attendance rates are also lower than the
Malaysia is ranked 44th most populated countries in the world. According to the World Population Review (2017), the current population in Malaysia is 31,364,177 which is a total increase of 833,170 as compared to the population in 2015 (30,331,007). The increase in population shows a positive value as the number of births exceeded the numbers of death and the increase in net migration in