Moral Autonomy is mainly based on the psychology of moral development. The first psychological theory was developed by Jean Piaget. On the basis of Piaget’s theory, Lawrence Kohlberg has also developed three main levels of moral development which is based on the types of logic and motivation adopted by individuals related to moral questions. 2.7.1 The Pre Conventional Level It is known as self-centered attitude. In this level, right conduct is very important for an individual which directly benefits himself.
It expresses your worth and value as a human being as well as one’s confidence, dignity and faith in oneself. 2. Didion defines character as willingness to accept responsibility for your life. Can persons of character be self-righteous? Hypocritical?
Not just book smart but, intelligence with a strong emotional component. Although Welch’s basis are in line with the analogy, he seems to emphasize on the HEART aspect. Every trait he stated or question he posed basically comprises having the right attitudes to motivate and care for others, demonstrating fairness loyalty and compassion
When discussing both act and rule utilitarianism, it is important to understand that both of them agree in terms of the overall consequence of an action, because they emphasize on creating the most beneficial pleasure and happiness in the outcome of an act. Despite this fact, they both have different principles and rules that make them different from each other. Act utilitarianism concentrates on the acts of individuals. Meaning that if a person commits an action, he/she must at least have a positive utility. The founders of utilitarianism define positive utility as happiness and pleasure and consider it to be a driving force of all positive and morally right acts.
Moral virtue can be defined as, “A dispositional trait of character that is morally valuable and reliably present” (Beauchamp and Childress, 31). Moral virtue is important in virtually every situation that we encounter in our everyday lives. For example, a person would be considered virtuous if they were consistently trustworthy in everyday situations. Trustworthiness is a trait that is generally considered to be morally valuable; however, the key to it being a virtue is that the person must possess that trait consistently. It is not enough for one to merely exhibit that trait once.
A lot of us give in to social influence so as to feel belonged and loved or because it unconsciously promotes our self-esteem and confidence within us. In Abraham Maslow’s theory of Hierarchy of needs, he states that the love and belonging needs, also known as social needs, include a desire to belong, be loved, and to feel accepted, and not to be lonely. He also states that they have a need to be respected, valued by other people and have a sense that they are contributing to the world. (Kleinman, P. (2012). Psych 101: psychology facts, basics, statistics, tests, and more.
Self-esteem refers to how a person feels about himself or herself. It is a subjective emotional evaluation of one’s worth or personal value. It is understanding of self on the basis of beliefs and emotions or how according to them they fit into the society. If a person wants to make a position in life high self-esteem is a must. A person with high self-esteem has leadership skills, high decision making power, are more confident, love and respect themselves.
People with high self-esteem are satisfied with the type of person they are; they acknowledge their strong points, and weaknesses (often hoping to overcome them), and generally feel quite positive about the characteristics and competencies thy display. People with low self-esteem view the self in a less-favourable light, often choosing to dwell on perceived inadequacies rather than on and strengths they may happen to display. Contemporary belief is that self-esteem is routed in early childhood with a foundation of
Self-concept means how you see yourself. It can be positive or negative. A positive self-concept means that you like and respect yourself. This means that you are beginning to know what you like and dislike. It also means that you stand up for your rights and what you think is important.
Next on the pyramid are social needs which include friendship, belongingness, love and acceptance. Following social needs are esteem needs which include self-respect, achievement, attention and recognition. Top of the pyramid is self-actualization which includes self-fulfillment, growth, justice and wisdom. Maslow described physiological and safety needs as low-order needs and the other needs as high-order
It allows me to be truthful, while respecting a person’s emotional states. 2. Explain your primary ethical perspectives. a. What are the habits that you attempt to live an uprightly good life and why do you think that these ways are the best ways?
The characteristics include empathy, caring, positive attitude, respect, hope, genuineness, autonomy for the client, and mutuality (Austin, 2002, pp. 119-127). These all are important due to the fact they all support a successful atmosphere to work in. Looking at the list, you realize you must minimize the potential for negativity. The client needs these to feel as if they matter as well as establish their self-worth.
“Individuality vs. Conformity: The Healthy Middle?” demonstrates that it’s human nature to fit in and be liked and our need to feel special. Ultimately the author