When approaching each case, criminalists utilize the factors related to the psychological theories that influence criminals rather than each individual’s traits. That way they are able to make the connections between intelligence, personality, learning and criminal behavior. Naturally each case is also analyzed based on the individual’s traits, however initially to narrow the possible population to decide on a suspect, the professionalists have to go by broader specifications. Using the psychological theories is useful to not only apprehend, prosecute and understand a criminal but also to treat him or her so that after and if they are released back among the general population, they would be able to integrate properly as normal citizens of
The due process model is seen to focus on the suspect whereas the crime control model focuses on the society. This paper analyzes these two models and based on the rate of crime in the society, makes recommendations as to which is the best model in criminal justice. The principle in law that one is innocent until proven guilty has created much discourse. There are those who feel that the moment that one is arrested, there is reasonable belief that they committed the crime. However, there are those who feel that just as the principle states, one is, and should be taken as a victim and the outcome could be either way: guilty or not guilty.
Suspects: Bear in mind that the suspects are also parts of crime scenes. What was left at the scene and what was taken away from it? Evidence like this helps in proving that the suspect was there. If the cops take the suspect back to the crime scene after the arrest, it will affect the evidence of suspect’s presence there. That is because when the testimony is presented in the court, it may serve solely to prove that the suspect was taken there by the cops.
In a situation where there are weapons, often times the victim may be focused on the weapon and not the physical features of the suspect. This is another factor in eyewitness misidentification. Another reason there may be eyewitness misidentification as mentioned by Thompson (2009), “…when witnesses are either very young or very old or have used alcohol or controlled substances, studies have shown an increased risk of erroneous identification” (p. 644). These factors cause stress to the victim and can lead to the psychological causes of misidentification that was mentioned
Task 1; In your own words define the term criminal psychology There are many reasons for the disagreement and unofficial definition of the term ‘’Criminal Psychology’’. If I asked a stranger on the street to give me their definition of the topic, they would more than likely say ‘’someone who deals with catching criminals’’ or ‘’them people from criminal minds’’. In my opinion it’s much more than that. Criminal Psychology is the finding, studying and understanding of people who disobey the legal system. Task 2; Explain the difference between crime and deviance and give three examples of each.
Police officers usually get search warrants by convincing a neutral and detached magistrate in a written statements (affidavits) based on their observations, or police informants that they have probable cause to believe that criminal activity is occurring at the place to be searched or that evidence of a crime may be found there. In addition, the police officers are able to interrogate people in search for evidence or useful information regarding the offence committed or a suspected incidence likely to cause security threats among the
Predatory violations is an illegal acts in which a person decided and intentionally takes or damages another person or others property. Cohen and Felson (1979) explain the criminal event through three essential elements that meet in space and time in the course of daily activities: (a) a potential offender with the capacity to commit a crime; (b) a suitable target or victim; and finally (c) the absence of guardians capable of protecting targets and victims. The lack of any of these elements is capable enough to prevent the occurrence of a successful direct-contact predatory crime. The term target is partial to the victim, which might be completely absent in the setting of the crime. The target can be a person or an object, whose place or occasion puts it at more or less risk of culprit attackers.
In absence to definitive proof, eyewitnesses’ accounts often act as vital evidence to the police and judges in their decision to prosecute a suspect. Eyewitnesses’ memories which constitute knowledge of the crime could be distorted or forgotten if is not retrieved at the right time and with appropriate methods (Stelfox, 2012: 90). As much as the
The use of previous videos can be detrimental to new cops because it can teach them how to deal with many different situations correctly that way they don’t put their career in jeopardy or the lives of their partners in danger. Everyone knows that there is always three sides to a story: what one individual says happens, what the other individual says happened, and what happened. With the execution of body-worn cameras, it would eliminate, the reduction seen in complaints filed and sustained against officers and videos can reduce the need for lengthy
Oftentimes, proof tells a story associated helps an investigator re-create the crime scene and establish the sequence of events. If analysed and taken properly, physical proof is additional reliable than testimonial proof; testimonial evidence is additional subjective in nature . Physical proof is objective and once documented, collected, and preserved properly could also be the sole thanks to dependably place or link somebody with against the law scene. Physical proof is thus usually observed because the “silent witness” . within the case of suspicious death, the investigation officer/forensic authority ought to decide the character of death, that might be self-destructive, bloody or accidental because the silent witness.