In the sodium iodide test, the alkyl halide is added to sodium iodide in acetone. In this test, primary halides precipitate the fastest while secondary halides need to be heated in order for a reaction to occur. Comparison of the rates of precipitation of the obtained product to standard 1° and 2° bromide solutions will show whether the product is a primary or secondary
Using the aforementioned experimental setup as shown in Fig. 1, three ejectors as shown in Fig. 2 were investigated to determine the effects of the operation temperatures, nozzle exit position, and the diameter of the constant area section, dcas, on the working performance of the steam ejector powered by extra low-temperature heat source. In this investigation, the working performance of the steam ejector mainly includes system COP, cooling capacity and critical condensing temperature , Tc*. For the test, the generating temperature, Tg, ranged from 40 °C to 70 °C, and the evaporating temperature, Te, was set at 10 °C and 15 °C, respectively.
The isotherm was recorded by Micromeritics ASAP 2020 analyzer and the physical adsorption of N2 at the temperature of liquid nitrogen (-196oC) with a standard pressure range of 0.05-0.30 P/Po. 2.3 Catalytic Activity Measurement After annealing the catalyst bed, it was cooled to room temperature in the same conditions as we used for reactive calcination. The CO oxidation was analysis by gas chromatogram to measure the activity of the catalyst. The oxidation of CO was carried out to measure the activity of resulting catalyst. 2CO + O2→2CO2 -------------------- (1) The oxidation of CO was carried out under the following reaction conditions: 100mg of catalyst with feed gas consisting of a lean mixture of 2.5 vol.% CO in air and total flow rate is maintained 60 mL/min.
TLC, NMR, and IR spectroscopy were used throughout the process to identify ferrocene and acetylferrocene in addition to evaluating the levels of purity. Evidence: The objective of our experiments was to prepare acetylferrocene from ferrocene. The overall reaction was carried out using 6.1 equivalents of liquid acetic anhydride to 1.8 equivalents of phosphoric acid and concluded with an aqueous workup with NaOH. The initial reaction mixture containing ferrocene, acetic anhydride, and phosphate acid was mixed on a hot stir plate. During this period, reflux was observed, and the mixture appeared dark brown in color.
5. X-RAY DIFFRACTION * XRD is a technique generally employed for elucidation of structure and arrangement of atoms. * In our analysis the structure of GO and PCBGO were analysed. * The interlayer distance upon functionalisation can be seen as a function of oxidation. * The d spacing for GO= 7.82 Å from diffraction peak at 11.4 degrees for the  plane.
1.1 Kinetic model To determine the second order reaction rate constant of Acesulfame K with the different transient species studied, two pairs of independent competition kinetics were established for each transient: Acesulfame K with Ibuprofen and Acesulfame K with Atrazine. Assuming the first pair of competition for the hydroxyl radical generated by NaNO3 irradiation is Acesulfame and Ibuprofen (ACE, IBP). Their respective reaction rates are (M s-1): (Eq. 6) (Eq. 7) With k and k’ the second order reaction rates of Ace and IBP with HO•.
The mobile phase used was a mixture of ammonium acetate buffer and acetonitrile at a ratio of 400:600. A flow rate of 1 mL/min was maintained, and the detection wavelength was 292 nm (22). The required studies were carried out to estimate the precision and accuracy of the HPLC method and were found to be within limits [percent coefficient of variation was less than 15%]. Sample preparation briefly involved 0.4 μ membrane filter through which the sample was filtered, diluted with mobile phase, and 10 μL was spiked into
GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry): GC (Gas Chromatography): Gas chromatography is a method which is used for the separation and analysis of organic compounds (i.e. volatile compounds). For separation prime factor is volatility i.e. more volatile compounds elute first from the column and then detected by detector. It is used for testing the purity and isolating of compounds.
Methodology: The distillation column was analyzed theoretically using McCabe Thiele to establish the number of stages required for separation. The vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) data for methanol and 2-propanol was used to plot curves of methanol-vapor fraction versus methanol-liquid fraction, and methanol liquid-vapor fraction versus temperature. III. Results: From the results, the average efficiency was 0.4308, 0.3778, and 0.4956 at 0.57kW supplied (30.58 mL/min Feed; 26.30 mL/min Boil Up), 0.94kW (30.58 mL/min Feed; 52.96 mL/min Boil Up), and 1.27kW (30.58 mL/min Feed; 77.50 mL/min Boil Up) respectively. From the experiment, it was observed that the quality
This test is selected as the research question is looking for the association between is NIofH Hypertension Category which is the independent variables and ordinal level of measurement and engagement in weekly moderate activity which is the dependent variable and is nominal level of measurement (Loiselle et al., 2011). There are two different samples and the researcher is interested in if there is an association between the two samples. A Chi-Square for independence test looks at the association between two samples that are both of a categorical level of measurement (Salkind, 2013). Lastly, the statistics assignment seven outline provided a cross tabulation SPSS output of frequencies and a Chi-Square test output. The SPSS output has four columns that consist of the independent variable NIofH Hypertension Category and two rows that consist of the dependent variable engagement in weekly moderate activity (Salkind, 2013).