One of the main arguments is that euthanasia could be an ethical issue and can be seen as assisted murder. Physicians are not forced to provide the euthanasia doses; the physicians who do, have agreed to do so. As well as the patient is asking to die, they are not being killed against their will. Another argument is that medical resources and money will be spent for a patient to kill themselves, when they can just commit suicide on their own free will. More medical resources would be spent on keeping that patient alive, than it would euthanize them.
In passive euthanasia ill people dead by withholding of common treatment, such as antibiotics. In active euthanasia ill people dead by using lethal substances deliberately, such as lethal injection. Each type subdivided into 3 subordinate types, included voluntary, involuntary and non-voluntary. In voluntary euthanasia ill people initiatively request for their own death. Involuntary euthanasia ill people wants to live but is killed anyway.
What would you do if you were dying from the great pain? It is not surprising that there are many people in the world have to encounter with the end of life every single day. Some people died young and some passed away when they reach their aged. But because of the terminal illness, someone decided to cut the last breath of their life with dignity and called it as the euthanasia. It turned out that it has two sides about the point of view towards the euthanasia issue in a positive and negative ways.
There have been many controversies on whether euthanasia should be legalized. For example, people have argued for the right to live and the right to die. The term, euthanasia, is sometimes misinterpreted and not thoroughly analyzed by others to be truly understood why its controversies exist. To introduce the term “euthanasia”, euthanasia is when a person feels that their life is not worth living and would like to kill themselves with the assistance of a professional painlessly. Euthanasia does not include stopping a medically “useless” treatment, killing the pain without killing the patient, or, “refusal of medical treatment by a competent patient.” (www.care.org.uk).
In his article ‘A Problem for the Idea of Voluntary Euthanasia’ Neil Campbell talks about the ethics behind the voluntary decision and thinks that voluntary euthanasia does not really exist. He argues against euthanasia and says that when those terminally ill patients take the decision of ending their lives, the decision was not freely chosen, but was the result of them undergoing excruciating pain. (Campbell, 1999, p. 242). His argument is presented in a way to support the opponents’ claim by denying that voluntary euthanasia exists and that it is all psychological and not
Dr. James Rachels, in his article “Active and Passive Euthanasia” criticizes the AMA because he believes that passive euthanasia is just as worse as active euthanasia so you should either be for both or against both. His first argument against the AMA’s statement is that if the reason to end someone’s life is to put them out of their pain because there are not any further treatments to alleviate the pain then obviously it would be best to use the method that would end their life the fastest without causing pain. Thus, active euthanasia like a lethal injection would satisfy this reasoning much better than a passive euthanasia method such as a patient refusing treatment and suffering until they die. If you support passive euthanasia for this justification then according to this argument it would not make sense if you do not also support active euthanasia. His second argument is that he believes the AMA’s statement shows that choices in life and death situations are determined with inapplicable points.
A controversial practice that invokes a debate over how beneficial its intentions are is the use of euthanasia. The argument switches between whether or not putting terminally ill patients to death with the assistance of a physician is justifiable and right. Legalizing the practice of euthanasia is a significant topic among many people in society, including doctors and nurses in the medical field, as it forces people to decide where to draw the line between relieving pain and simply killing. While some people see euthanasia as a way to helping a patient by eliminating their pain, it is completely rejected by others who see it as a method of killing. The word euthanasia is usually looked at with one of two completely different perspectives.
On the other hand, “mercy killing” is the total opposite. It is when an action is taken upon the terminally ill patient without any consent or agreement. Mercy killing is illegal in all of the states of America and also most of all the countries around the world. Mercy killing is also called involuntary euthanasia. Both mercy killing and mercy death (assisted suicide) are forms of active euthanasia as it includes taking an action to end a patient’s life with intentions.
This being said, you should always have that choice to do what you want with your life. The novel accepts the practice of euthanasia but I think it's wrong and is not sympathetic to take a life of an innocent human being. The choice of living or dying should be up to you and nobody else because you should at least have to right to your own body. In the book the old don't really have the choice they grow old, get put into homes, and then get released. I do not think that this is that the practice of euthanasia is compassionate.
Some believe that the removal of a fetus is murder, but scientifically that is not true. Many members of the medical community would argue that “[t]here is a difference between killing or destroying something and preventing something from coming into existence… Abortion is inherently different from other procedures because no other procedure involves the purposeful termination of potential life.” There is a difference between the destruction of an already living human being, and the termination of potential life. In one case, the mother’s life can be ruined or made much more complex, or take away from some aspects of their life. But, with a fetus, it hasn’t been able to go and start a life. The fetus hasn’t begun living outside of the womb, and while it may have potential for some sort of success, that can be true about many things.