Ethical Aspects Of Animal Testing

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Is it ethically wrong to kill or injure an animal through scientific experimentation? The Care of animals should have an important chapter in the future of bioethics. Nonhuman animals have been tested in biomedical research. Scientists and researchers believe that animal testing has many benefits on different implementations, mainly for medical research as vaccines and the investigation of the cure of diseases. There have been essential advancements for the society. However, there has been a controversy about medical developments and the ethical implications of it, since the way it is carried out which is cruel and harmful. In fact, there are other methods that could be used instead of being cruel to those living beings. This essay will explain…show more content…
By The Universities Federation of Animal Welfare (UFAW), Russell and Bruch made a proposal in 1954 of The Three R’s principle (replacement, reduction, and refinement) and have been supported by international policies in the application of laboratory use of animals (Balls et al., 2016). In the guide for the care and use of laboratory animals explains this alternative method (NIH/OD/OER/OLAW, 2010). The first principle replacement, as its name says, pretends the replacement of animals in a laboratory with equivalents non-animals such as inanimate systems as computer programs. The second principle involving the Three R’s is reduction; this concept is no more than reducing the use of animals by involving strategies with the presence of statistical studies since in many occasions a number of completely arbitrary form in chosen without being able to justify the reason. This methodology relies on new technology, the appropriate use of statistical methods and control and variability of the environment. The third but not least method is refinement, refers to refine, a term that includes all procedures that pretend minimize suffer or distress of animals, through refinement the pain in animals must be eliminated. Furthermore, there are many positives interactions between the Three R’s such as the in vitro methods, which gives the opportunity to study the cellular respond…show more content…
Although, exists many reasons to be against animal testing, or no less than keeping them in under moral and decent conditions while they are in captivity. Indeed, experimenting with animals has proved in many cases that is a cruel practice, though the use of these beings is unnecessary due to the lack of reliability, the results of the experiments might not be trustworthy when is going to be applied to humans, the pain that is inflicted on animals is just cruel and inhumane. Nevertheless, it cannot be avoided the last test in the human being, with all the precautions and respect that we deserve. In this current society, the equitable solution is to adopt an intermediate position to consider the use of animals trough trials as necessary to conform to the moral imperative to heal and prevent human diseases, but considering ways to replace, reduce their number and decrease their suffering. The solution that is proposed is work in conjunction trying to avoid experiments with animals as much as possible; the experiments can be done with alternative methods, avoiding pain and suffer as a result. The care in these beings will have a new important stage in the future of bioethics, though new alternatives will be necessary and a priority at the end. Thus, a noble cause to these loving
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