ETHICS Ethics is about people and it entails systematizing, defense and recommendation of concepts of right or wrong (Fieser, n.d). Therefore, ethics is about choosing what is right. However, what is right is relative as it may vary depending on the situation at hand. Discuss what you see as the role of ethics as it pertains to management and managers. The role of ethics is of paramount importance in relation to management.
Being consistency in the decisions making according to the challenges is so hard. • The selfishness character of the leader is one of other challenges. It’s very much hard to predict individual perception. The leader may influence by external environment. They need to make decision being under the company ethical standard.
Generally, ethics is defined as the rule for carrying out certain behaviors by distinguishing between acceptable and unacceptable behavior (Resnik, 2015). In other words, ethics assists in determining whether a decision is right or wrong when given a choice. As a matter of course, decision-making is first predisposed by personal ethic that is constructed on personal experience and conscience (Fritzsche & Oz, 2007) . It tends to be affected by family and friends (Ferrell & Gresham, 1985). Not only does personal ethics guide human behavior but also social ethics (Shaw, 2002).
Dworkin believes that judges do not have discretion. However, Finnis believes that judges do have discretion. According to Finnis, when the sources yield no determinate solution, all concerned have the responsibility of supplementing the sources to fill the gap by a choice guided by standards of fairness and other morally true principles and norms. Where possible, this must be done
Combinationalism developed as a response to the failure of other traditional tests for truth of a world view such as pragmatism, evidentialism, rationalism and experientialism. This failure of traditional tests for the truth of a worldview resulted in a shift in the search for a formidable, single solution, methodology to a combinational approach (Geisler, 2013). There are several approaches, that differ according to the number of factors included in the test. However, each view integrates some presupposed model or outline by which the whole experience can be perceived. And the means of testing the model usually comprises consistency, lucidity, factual adequacy and existential significance (Geisler, 2013).
It deals with the standards of right doings and the wrong ones. But there is also a big difference between the two. Morality talks about the right and wrong doings while ethics are the moral principles. Meaning ethics is can be considered under morality. It is like a step where a person chooses from doing the right or wrong thing.
So how one feels helps decide what is right and what is wrong. David Hume states that subjectivism creates a wide gap between ‘is’ (facts) and ‘ought’ (Individual beliefs). There are various advantages of ethical subjectivism, for example, it places emphasis on the human right ‘freedom of opinion’. I say this because this theory allows for people to express their own opinion instead of depending on society to provide an opinion. Subjectivism echoes the connection between morality and people’s emotional state and opinions.
INTRODUCTION The ethical decision is challenging and probably blurry for decision-makers. Mostly, it creates a dilemma where fierce antagonism arises from listening to the voice of conscience and the voices of other opinions surrounding. Profoundly, the winner is determined by how willing the person is to pursue the goodness and freely choose to pay attention to the inner voice or mute it. Moral philosophers are contributing in providing an instrument to enable us to heed to the verdict of conscience, by which will be the compass through the decision stages. Kant analogizes the role of the moral philosopher to reveal the ambiguous perception of what it is moral to be clearer and shimmers dazzlingly, supplementary; he emphasised that we do not
Looking into the theoretical review, there is no universal accepted definition of integrity, as there too many definitions of integrity, little theory and too few vigorous empirical studies. However, in this particular study, integrity of leaders is anchored on moral or ethical behaviors of leaders. When we speak of ethical or moral, it encompasses actions which are in accordance with socially accepted behavior (Pillay, 2014). Ethical appropriateness with regard to leaders-behavior is often evaluated in terms of abstract and highly idealistic concepts about individuals perception of how leaders should behave ( Maesschalck, as cited in Pillay, 2014). In dealing with conflict situations, ethical behavior should be behind the choices that we make.
Thus, in response to the second argument that considers actions ethical if not inhibited by an explicit rule, it may be strongly objected on grounds of moral standing and relevance. Certain virtues, written or unwritten, form the basis of morality and these have to be adhered to, irrespective of whether they are explicitly mentioned as codes of conduct or to the contrary (Jack, 1984). In other words, irrespective of whether rules are mentioned or not, universal ethical values have to be applied to any situation and action must or must not be taken, on the basis of this