Ethical Ethics Of Organ Donation

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Based on the case given which acts as a trigger, some ethics and legal aspects can be considered in terms of organ donation for organ transplant and dead body donation for human cadaver and anatomy research.

Organ donation including heart, kidneys, lungs, liver, cornea, bones and skin is a way of saving thousands of patients who are suffering from organ failure. This act shows great love and compassion when one pledges their organs for others who are in need. Organ donation can be done from either a living person or a cadaver to a living recipient in a process known as organ transplantation. Regardless of the fact that organ donation for organ transplant enhances the quality of many lives, ethical and legal aspects must always be considered, especially in the case where cadaver organ transplantation is involved. [1]

In Malaysia, the recipient of cadaver organ donation is dependent on the needs and the results of histocompatibility laboratory tests to prevent illegal organ trafficking. According to the Code of Medical Ethics, under section II – Ethical Obligation of Doctors to the Patient (13.Transplantation), any details regarding organ transplantation including the objective of the procedure, must be provided to the donor or their families. When a living donor is involved, the risks of the procedure should be explained clearly to ensure that the donor or their families are making an informed decision about organ donation. The consent is only considered

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