Ethical Frameworks: Aristotle's Theory Of Utilitarianism

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Ethics are a way to guide you through life. They provide a set of rules for each individual to follow based on what they believe. It is the way in which someone makes their decisions on what is right or wrong, in correlation to their preferred ethical framework. Religious background plays a big role in shaping these structures, as it suggests a design as to what is deemed good or sinful. Ethical frameworks are different formats of decision-making that one person can refer to when making a moral choice. Utilitarianism is a framework that helps the individual in living a fulfilled and good life. The reason for this can be based on Aristotle’s theory of eudaimonia. He believed that, for an individual to achieve a good life, they must first be…show more content…
It indicates whether or not that individual lived a positive, accomplished life. But how is this determined? Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, came up with a theory of what the good life is. He centered this on the Greek word eudaimonia, which some believe translates to happiness, however Aristotle refers to it as ‘living well and faring well’ (Lacewing, 2017). His theory surrounds the main idea of humans living solely to achieve the best life possible. To accomplish eudaimonia, there are three points Aristotle uses to decide this. Number one is that eudaimonia is not a state of mind, but rather an activity of life. Number two states that eudaimonia is objective, rather than subjective. And number three is that it is an evaluation of life and cannot be changed easily (Lacewing, 2017). In turn, Aristotle believed that, for someone to live a good life, they must achieve the state of eudaimonia. The way in which someone can do this is purely based on how they make their ethical…show more content…
The reason for this can be found in the ten commandants, specifically commandments six to eight. “Thou shalt not kill”, “Thou shalt not commit adultery” and ”Thou shalt not steal” are all principles that Christians are told to follow. The relation between these and utilitarianism are that, by choosing not to partake in them, it sustains happiness for the most amount people. The main underlying teaching of God is to not make others upset or angry, but rather content with themselves. This is specifically how people that follow utilitarianism achieve their goal of making the most people happy and therefore supports the connection between these two

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