Personal information The Privacy Act 1988 (Cth) (Privacy Act) regulates the handling of personal information about individuals. The concept of “personal information” is central to the Privacy Act. Personal information is information or an opinion about an identified individual, or an individual who is reasonably identifiable; it does not matter whether the information or opinion is true or not, and it does not matter whether the information or opinion is recorded in a material form or not: s 6 of the Privacy Act. Examples of personal information includes an individual’s name, date of birth, contact details (such as residential address, telephone number and email address) and tax file number. Legal practitioners should note that certain information
This model is based on assigning security labels called security clearances to all object and users according to the specified classification. Thus, it enables a user read the objects which have the same label or smaller. For example, if considering the following classification of security levels: Unclassified – Confidential – Secret – Top Secret (each level dominates the previous), the user possessing a label “Secret” is not able to access the information labeled as “Top Secret” . The information flow from dominating level to lower level is regulated by the “Read down” and “Write up” principles. The integrity of information is also regulated by the two principles “Read up” and “Write down”
All the three passwords are confidential to keep your account and money secured. When you are sending your username and password from your computer to bank server it should maintained confidentiality. No third party should be able to hack or share your information. There are few characteristics of confidentiality which are explained in detail as follows: i. Access Control Access control is a type of security technique which is used to identify an authorised user who can view or who will use resources for various data processing activities in a secured environment.
Setting file permissions is a form of DAC because it is the owner’s discretion. Configuring as many security layers as the user can will ensure the server will stay secure. Not all OS are 100% secure, but they can be configured to make it very hard for a hacker to
It enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks. This is done as if they were directly connected to the private network. VPN policies are in place to ensure that unauthorized users are not allowed access to company internal networks. It is usually the responsibility of employees with VPN privileges to ensure that unauthorized users are not allowed access to the internal
Confidentiality: is a key care value which protects the privacy of the informations of a service user , when dealing with records and other information concerning individuals who use service. Confidentiality is a protection to personal information of a service user that helps respect the privacy of the service user by not sharing the information with others to build up a trust between the client and the care worker.Dilemma;there are times when it is not easy to decide whether or not disclose information you have to given in confidence.The only time confidentiality may be broken is when: -If they intend to harm others,If someone has said they are going to harm themselves or the action harms the,If they plan or have being involved in a criminal offence.
Corrective controls such as having an effective CIRT that can access the laptop and block or delete important information so the theft cannot access the laptop. b. Preventive controls such as a password can be used, but to ensure it stays effective it should be long, include multiple characters, be changed frequently, and not easily be guessed. Other types of
The 5th amendment gives us protection against self-incrimination which allows us to have privacy of personal information. The 9th amendment basically asserts that any rights not given in the Constitution are not necessarily denied to an individual. This idea of the 9th amendment supports the 1st, 3rd, 4th, and 5th, amendments in verifying that we do receive privacy to a very promising extent amongst phone calls and emails. Now although, we understand, in certain cases these rights will be violated if there is enough verification and evidence that needs a warrant, then the warrant overrules to provide safety. So in conclusion, in fact the Bill of Rights supports our privacy of emails and phone calls even if there is no rights supported in the
Effective password policy is needed to prevent the passwords from being guessed or cracked. The password policy covers the passwords of all types via passwords of users, systems, databases, applications, etc.., while the password policy can be enforced where they are used frequently and by users, it is difficult to enforce for the passwords used in application to application communication. This article talks about the challenges and possible solution to eliminate embedded passwords in application. Credentials used for application to application (A2A) authentication are typically hard-coded or embedded in the configuration files of the applications. These credentials, including SSH keys are easily sought after and can be potentially exploited by cyber attackers when left
Because of vulnerability of system allow to unauthorized person to access the confidential information or data . Because of unauthorized access the confidentiality of information get break. So, biometrics is a good technique to maintain the security of the confidential data. Biometrics refers to the physical and behavioral characteristics of the human. Such as face recognition, voice, gait, finger print, palm
Which method does not involve password travel across the internet ? a) E commerce b) Manipulation system c) Challenge–response system d) Responce system Answer:c 8. In Assymmetric Encryption, a message encrypted with the Public Key only be decrypted with the receiver’s appropriate Private Key. Justify? a) Not true, the message can also be decrypted with the Public Key b) A so called “one way function with back door” is applied for the encryption c) The Public Key contains a special function which is used to encrypt the message and which can only be reversed by the appropriate Private Key d) The encrypted message contains the function for decryption which identifies the Private Key Answer:b 9.
Developers implement minimum privilege principles and perform error handling. Meticulous to minimize the risk of increased privileges. All as confidential information must use an integrity selection mechanism, such as HMAC-SHA1, or a digital signature to limit the risk of violation. Availability: Since owners of records are granted the right of access to their own records, a lack of availability of service may result in breach of HIPAA compliance. Developers propose systems to properly handle errors and resist denial of service attacks.
“As responsible citizens, we must protect our information from outside forces that might cause disruption or harm.” (DigitalCitizenship) Having a good grasp and understanding of information literacy can aid in Digital Security. Two examples of information literacy that can aid in Digital Security are "Access the needed information effectively and efficiently” (Information Literacy), also “Evaluate information and its sources critically” (Information Literacy). For example understanding the difference between http:// and https://. If you are able to “Evaluate information and its sources critically”, this will help you beware of websites that are fraudulent or are not secure and make it easier for others to obtain your personal information. This example may also apply to “Access information effectively and efficiently”, with the internet we are able to answer many questions we may have in matter of seconds, but knowing the difference between a secure or unsecure website is a good indicator if a website is a liable source to
The argument that Brandeis makes against technological surveillance of citizens follows a certain line of logic: “property” encompasses both physical and intangible possessions, in the same way that other protections are not physical but real all the same, such as protection from assault or nuisance6. It is unlikely that Justice Brandeis could envision a world entirely reliant on an intangible network of information such as the Internet, but his ideas can still be used today to protect Americans’ privacy in the digital