Ethical Implications Of Cloning

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Over the past few years the ethical implications of cloning have become a topic of discussion for many academics. This is due to the birth of Dolly the sheep in 1997, the first cloned mammal by Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer. The cloning of the sheep was seen as a major leap in the field of cloning mammals and in particular humans. (FIGO Committee, 2006). This essay will argue in favour of cloning and show that the ethical implications are insignificant when analytically examined. The argument will focus on eugenics; the pressure placed on clones and apparent reduced diversity caused by cloning.
Eugenics is the field of science that focuses on the improvement of a population by artificial and physical means. (Galton, 1904) It is done either by microscopically altering a genetic code or by influencing the breeding of different individuals. It can cause much hurt and pain if employed by the wrong people for the wrong reasons. The Nazis employed a method of eugenics during World War II in which they attempted to remove any ‘undesirable’ characteristics by eliminating the people that expressed these traits, it was brutal. Critics of cloning argue that when a human being is cloned only those with ‘desirable’ characteristics are chosen and this is a form of eugenics that is bias and unnatural. While their point is valid their view is only applicable when looking at the superficial, “surface” characteristics of an individual. However, the bad stigma that is attached to eugenics is

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