iiWebsites may also be used as online stores, offering books, audio and video recordings and other items to supporters. iiiOnline payment facilities may also be exploited through fraudulent means such as identity theft, credit card theft, wire fraud, stock fraud, intellectual property crimes and auction fraud. Some terrorist organizations have been known to establish shell corporations, disguised as philanthropic undertakings, to solicit online donations. C In recent years, terrorist organizations have increasingly turned to the Internet as an alternative training ground for terrorists. I There is a growing range of media that provide platforms for the dissemination of practical guides in the form of online manuals, audio and video clips, information and advice.
While it can be used to carry out many malicious and criminal tasks, it is often used to steal banking information by man-in-the-browser keystroke logging and form grabbing. It is also used to install the CryptoLocker ransomware. Zeus is spread mainly through drive-by downloads and phishing schemes.
Cyber threats continue to plague governments and businesses around the world. Cyberwarfare is Internet-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks on information and information systems. Normally there are two purposes of Cyberwarfare, espionage or sabotage. Cyberwarfare attacks can disable official websites and networks, disrupt or disable essential services, steal or alter classified data, and cripple financial systems. Cyber operations can also aide military operations, such as intelligence gathering and information warfare.
3) Digital media breach results in loss of revenue, by criminal sharing information illegally. Examples include sharing of illegal music, movies and other licensed digital information resulting in loss of potential revenue. 4) Cyber terrorism crimes target a country's critical infrastructure via cyberspace. Examples include, attack on the national infrastructure such as electricity grid, electricity and water, delivery system, air traffic controls that depend on communications and network
The criminal can stole the victim mail and take the advantage to approve the credit card offer. Second are phishing. According to Margaret Rouse, phishing is the fraud that tricks people to click at the malicious link in order to break into computer’s
• At the ATM machine, where skimming devices can deceive customers • On customers' individual Computer Systems, viruses & malwares can steal checking references & banking credentials. • Throughout the transaction chain at merchants and payments processors, where crimes force institutions to replace cards and
Malware is malicious software, which means once a person clicks on a link, it immediately downloads and allows thieves to have access to personal information on a computer. Spyware allows thieves to track the keystrokes on a computer to gain data such as passwords to access bank information or acquire PII to commit fraud. It is also advisable to regularly check credit reports to look out for suspicious activity because a thief can obtain personal information, open up a new credit card and the victim may never find out their credit score is being affected. Thieves can also use personal information to forge documents such a passports and birth certificates for illegal immigrants or to abuse the government benefits. In conclusion, with the majority of organizations and individuals using the Internet to store information online, there is a lot of data that can be possibly become uncovered by thieves and used in malicious ways.
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines 'spy' as one who keeps secret watch on a person or thing to obtain information. It also defines 'privacy' as the state or condition of living freely from being observed or distributed by other people. In light of past events, it is evident that government spying has become one of the major concerns of Internet users and the American Government. The government's known and unknown capabilities have been abused in an unconstitutional way and the American people have started to show great concerns. With the increase of power and resources within the government, it is possible that they have extended beyond their reach into the lives of American citizens.
which could lead to physical damages and civilian casualties. In addition, terrorists stole confidential business information or set up fake charity website to gather funds for their activities. Furthermore internet was described as “online terrorists university” by (Weimann, 2004: 9, 2006: 112). Specifically online information taught beginners how to become “professional” for instance making bombs. For eliminating threats from the internet, European union according to Argomaniz (2014) took measures of updating institutions for example the “2005 Council Framework Decision (FD)” dealing with
In the first approach, it describes a conduct, which conforms to an established rule of conduct that also means a set of rules or laws. This being said, justice denotes, a moral disposition, which makes a man to things, which are just. It is mainly an application of certain rules, which is called virtue of righteousness or of moral justice. It is a virtue, which is applied over others, and the whole of virtue needs to be employed and not a part of it. He believed in the importance of teleology, which is the study of ends, and all other things being claimed is considered as ends.