iiWebsites may also be used as online stores, offering books, audio and video recordings and other items to supporters. iiiOnline payment facilities may also be exploited through fraudulent means such as identity theft, credit card theft, wire fraud, stock fraud, intellectual property crimes and auction fraud. Some terrorist organizations have been known to establish shell corporations, disguised as philanthropic undertakings, to solicit online donations. C In recent years, terrorist organizations have increasingly turned to the Internet as an alternative training ground for terrorists.
Cyber threats continue to plague governments and businesses around the world. Cyberwarfare is Internet-based conflict involving politically motivated attacks on information and information systems. Normally there are two purposes of Cyberwarfare, espionage or sabotage. Cyberwarfare attacks can disable official websites and networks, disrupt or disable essential services, steal or alter classified data, and cripple financial systems. Cyber operations can also aide military operations, such as intelligence gathering and information warfare.
Examples include sharing of illegal music, movies and other licensed digital information resulting in loss of potential revenue. 4) Cyber terrorism crimes target a country's critical infrastructure via cyberspace. Examples include, attack on the national infrastructure such as electricity grid, electricity and water, delivery system, air traffic controls that depend on communications and network
Malware is malicious software, which means once a person clicks on a link, it immediately downloads and allows thieves to have access to personal information on a computer. Spyware allows thieves to track the keystrokes on a computer to gain data such as passwords to access bank information or acquire PII to commit fraud. It is also advisable to regularly check credit reports to look out for suspicious activity because a thief can obtain personal information, open up a new credit card and the victim may never find out their credit score is being affected. Thieves can also use personal information to forge documents such a passports and birth certificates for illegal immigrants or to abuse the government benefits.
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines 'spy' as one who keeps secret watch on a person or thing to obtain information. It also defines 'privacy' as the state or condition of living freely from being observed or distributed by other people. In light of past events, it is evident that government spying has become one of the major concerns of Internet users and the American Government. The government's known and unknown capabilities have been abused in an unconstitutional way and the American people have started to show great concerns. With the increase of power and resources within the government, it is possible that they have extended beyond their reach into the lives of American citizens.
which could lead to physical damages and civilian casualties. In addition, terrorists stole confidential business information or set up fake charity website to gather funds for their activities. Furthermore internet was described as “online terrorists university” by (Weimann, 2004: 9, 2006: 112). Specifically online information taught beginners how to become “professional” for instance making bombs. For eliminating threats from the internet, European union according to Argomaniz (2014) took measures of updating institutions for example the “2005 Council Framework Decision (FD)” dealing with
In the first approach, it describes a conduct, which conforms to an established rule of conduct that also means a set of rules or laws. This being said, justice denotes, a moral disposition, which makes a man to things, which are just. It is mainly an application of certain rules, which is called virtue of righteousness or of moral justice. It is a virtue, which is applied over others, and the whole of virtue needs to be employed and not a part of it. He believed in the importance of teleology, which is the study of ends, and all other things being claimed is considered as ends.
How do we know we can trust the employees that who work there? How can we tell before purchasing any type of electronic its hacked with a bug that steals our email accounts for work, school, bills, or online shopping. It’s that easy for someone to get personal information stolen. “Government was ordered to pay three thousand dollars in damage and six thousand in legal funding after a welsh college employee had unlawfully monitored the internet and email use of another employee. “Verizon in a rising level of cyber-attacks through cell phone, and internet usage.
It is risky. Online criminals and hackers could potentially gain access to all your accounts if they figure out such password. You should rather use unique and distinct passwords for all your online accounts. 5.
Using confidential information from customers, human resources and security information are also forms of using computers as an instrument. Computer intruders can alter information when shopping online. Computer fraud takes place when the intruder purchase merchandise online and alters prices before submitting it for payment. Some of the merchant programs can catch this but there are some that do not. Cyberstalking can include sending emails containing threats.