Executive Summary Nanotechnology is the study of minute things and can be applied in all science fields such as chemistry, biology, materials science, physics and engineering. The concept is to be able manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules. With the technology, nanoscale materials can be of an enhancement in strength, lighter weight and greater chemical reactivity. Nanotechnology products have been widely used in our daily life such as cosmetics, automotive parts, insulators, dental implants etc. It has also been developed for environmental applications such as water purification and waste water treatment and prevents pollution by source reduction, remediation and sensing of pollutants.
Bio-materials have lots of uses in the field of medicine. They can be used for purposes as simple as a stent in cardiovascular surgery or as complex as a pacemaker or bone implants. They have uses in the field of dentistry too. Dental surgery, tooth fillings and dental caps all make use of bio-materials. Furthermore, bio-materials are also used by ophthalmologists for contact lenses etc.
Hence, human genetic modification can be applied to criminal and handicap persons and aid there better adaptation in the society. Moreover, when it comes to more modern application such as agriculture, Genetic Engineering is hailed as a blessing. Certainly, G.E. has the capacity the improve crops and animals by providing diseases resistance thus stopping the use of fertilizers and pesticides which contributes to a healthier environment. Indeed G.E.
Another major consequence in using nanotechnology in the medical field, especially veterinary is the “toxic pulmonary responses in animals,” because of the diverse anatomy and physiology that they possess their bodies react completely different to this technology compared to the human body (Gwinn). Testing these nanobots on many species of animals have proved that the materials used to build them does not completely go hand in hand with the anatomy of the animals. The compounds inside the bots caused changes to the molecular structure of some of the important cells inside the animals, generating noxious chemicals that eventually kill the animals. Nanotechnology in the medical field is supposed to make doctors work easy, so many scientists are developing nanobots that will help doctors perform surgeries as they are being controlled by a remote. Many questions arise when these kinds of procedures are used to perform surgeries inside the human body, one being what happens if the doctors lose control of bots and
Introduction The topic that will be discussed is biometry/biostatistics. Biostatistics encompasses a lot of different fields put together. It is important in medicine, pharmacy, agricultural and fishery. It is useful because combines two subjects together(Biology and Mathematic), not only that, it is also used to improve different assortments of analytical methods. Biological Perspective of Biostatistics and It's Foundation Biostatistics is a theory and methodology for the acquisition and use of quantitative evidence in biomedical research (i.e.
Introduction Biotechnology is the use of biological systems or organisms to create products or perform processes that are beneficial to mankind. Broadly, this entails any form of manipulation to biological organisms and systems. Even though lab related biotechnology expanded in the late twentieth century, following the discovery of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) in 1953, much older biotechnological techniques and processes had already existed. These include beer production, biological pest control and domestication of plants and animals; including selective crop farming and breeding of livestock. Following the exponential growth in the field of biotechnology many societal, ethical and legal issues have emerged.
Nanotechnology has the potential to solve problems related to human civilizations pertaining to both basic needs and aspirations for comfort life. The basic needs of human being are food, drinking water, energy, cloth, shelter, health and clean environment. The aspirations for comfort life are realizing the automation in every field, space travel and expanded lifespan and so on. Due to continuous efforts of scientists and engineers during last 30 years, there is a substantial progress in realizing the nanotechnology-based components and products in different areas including agriculture, food product and packaging, purification of water, automobiles, atmospheric cleaning, renewable energy, energy storage, consumer goods, sports equipment,
The foreign DNA is inserted at random locations into the DNA of the fertilized egg. The egg is then implanted into the oviduct of a surrogate animal, where the egg then develops. This method has been used to create many kinds of transgenic animals, from mice to large animals such as cattle. Some examples of current genetically modified organisms: Food: Golden rice is modified so that it produces vitamin A. although it’s still waiting regulatory approval, its purpose is to in rich 3rd world countries in a more balanced meal and healthier diet Animals: Goats have been adapted to produce human antithrombin, Antithrombin is a way in which a blood clotting disease in humans is treated. Goats have also been genetically altered to yield spider silk, which could be used for artificial bulletproof
Biotechnology has provided many distinctive opportunities which include: access to novel molecules, ability to change the amount of gene expression, capability to vary the expression pattern of genes and develop transgenic with completely different insecticidal genes (Sharma et al. 2000). Genes conferring resistance to insects have been inserted into crop plants like maize, cotton, potato, tobacco, rice, broccoli, lettuce, walnuts, apples, alfalfa and soybean (James 2003). There has been a vast increase in area planted with transgenic crops from 1.7 million ha in 1996 to 39.5 million ha in 1999 (Eakin et al. 2014; Mugo et al.
While green nanotechnology applications may save energy and reduce carbon emissions in the product, there are concerns about the amount of energy that might be involved in the upstream production of component nanomaterials. Research is being done in this field so that energy and nano materials used for production can be reduced. Nonetheless, the energy, waste and resource extraction costs associated with the production of the materials used in green nanotechnology applications remain an important part of the equation in assuring the responsible development of green