Ethical Issues In Epigenetics And Nutrigenomics

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Abstract
A strongly held belief claims that a person's set of genes determines and limits his physical traits and capabilities. However recent improvements in Epigenetics, and particularly in Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics show otherwise. Therefore, the major aim of this study is to testify with the importance of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics in enhancing one's health and performance beyond genetic limitations. Consequently, successive contributions of these sciences to major fields -such as weight management, disease prevention and life span research- are thoroughly discussed. This paper's showings are primarily based on published studies and journals regarding the subject, because of the novelty of the fields of interest. Eventually enough support is established in favor of the thesis, however, ethical issues are yet to be considered. Keywords: Nutrigenetics, Nutrigenomics, Epigenetics, health, performance, genome, genetic limitations, weight management, disease prevention, life span research

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the world population is about seven billion, two hundred twenty-nine million, eighty-nine thousand, one hundred seventy humans, and this number is constantly increasing by the second. Needless to say, this amazing number of occupants of the Earth, leads to an inconceivable diversity among humans. The most primal form of this diversity, is in
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By definition: "Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics are defined as the science of the effect of genetic variation on dietary response and the role of nutrients and bioactive food compounds in gene expression, respectively" (Fenech et al., 2011). They both play important roles in curing genetically determined diseases or health related conditions, but also in finding a mid-solution between genome and lifestyle. The aim of this paper is to show that the developing fields of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics can enhance health and performance beyond genetic

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