Decease donors in most cases write a will prior to their deaths permitting their own organs to be given to someone else. Apparently, this is considered to be the most appropriate because it does not cause any harm, especially physical harm to the donor. Furthermore, it is the will of the deceased that the living should respect and not go against. However, this kind of donation is against cultural and religious beliefs of some individuals who feel that dead people deserve their last respect. Other issues arise when a person is declared dead when they really aren’t because sometimes mistakes can be done in authentication.
A positive aspect of this is that forensic scientists only need a small amount of a sample to get the results they need (“Forensic Science” 12). These samples can come from many other forms of identification other than fingerprints and bloodstains. A few moderate examples include strands of hair, tiny beads of sweat, and a saliva specimen (“Forensic Science” 12). Forensic Science Technicians stated that “crime scene investigators may use tweezers, black lights, and specialized kits to identify and collect evidence.” They also stated that examining autopsies prove to be beneficial in a crime investigation (“Forensic Science Technicians”
One of the ethics in archaeology is to not destroy any archaeological remains while they do fieldwork. Instead archaeologists must work to preserve as much of the archaeological remains as possible until other archaeologists in the future develop methods to recover the archaeological remains without destroying them or destroying the archaeological site. This video in my opinion shows the importance of Otizi in the archaeological and scientific community. Otizi is important because he is the most well preserved set of human remains in the world, the cause of his death was murder, and Otizi allows archaeologists to recreate his prehistoric life as a way to understand what it means to be a
When a crime is committed there are multiple ways investigators can gather their evidence. Testimonies, direct evidence, circumstantial, and even physical evidence; theses are all different yet effective types of evidence investigators can use. Although none of these methods are incorrect ways of collecting evidence, in “Forensic: Evidence, Clues, and Investigation” by Andrea Campbell, she states that forensic evidence is the most important and useful. Forensic evidence and physical evidence are the same thing. It is the physical characteristics of someone or something that has been left behind and can be traced back to them.
These profiles fall between psychology and law enforcement, some call it “investigative psychology” while another refers to it as “crime action profiling”. The main connection, the common goal they all share; help investigators examine evidence, narrow down a suspect pool, or give helpful tips on how to interrogate a suspect already in custody. Psychology is used to investigate behavioral patterns, personality traits, and psychopathologies. Demographic variables including age, race, and geographical locations are also used in the profiles. Recently criminologists, law enforcement officials, and psychologists have all teamed together to take criminal profiling, which started out as an art and transform it into a reliable science.
This research design concentrates on the behavior of a single subject and has two phases, an intervention and a baseline (Miltenberger, 2012). The benefit of using this research design is that it facilitates the determination of whether there is a behavior change after an intervention or not. Also, it is easy to use because of the simplicity experienced during the data recording. However, the main disadvantage is that it cannot be relied upon to develop a confident assumption of a functional relationship. The absence of a functional relationship is attributed to the lack of the design to provide for replication.
The word “help” is a very complicated yet simple word. According to the Learner’s Dictionary, the definition of help is: to do something that makes it easier for someone to do a job, to deal with a problem, to aid or assist someone. Helping someone sounds like an easy job, and most of us would agree that we would help people anytime anywhere, but it always doesn’t turn out that way. Scientists have spent a considerable amount of time studying the helpfulness behavior of several types of people. Picture this... a man lying on the floor and a few people strolling about, occupied with their business.
There is also the institute of field archaeologists in Britain that have also put forward a code of ethics. So why is I so important for archaeologists to have a code of ethics, it could be because it is a better way of solving conflicts of cultural values. There are many codes of ethics because it is hard for one code of ethics to take into account the feelings of a certain culture. Not one code of ethics in archaeology has the ability to include every political and social problem encountered in very day working field in archaeology. This is why it is hard to put one code of ethics into play in archaeology or any other Working field.
Forensic odontology is that branch of forensic medicine which in the interests of justice, deals with the proper examination, handling and presentation of dental evidence in the court of law. This branch is an investigative aspect of dentistry that analyzes dental evidence for human identification. (1) Sex determination is imperative in determining the biological profile of a person by a forensic investigator and becomes the first priority in the process of identification in the cases of natural disasters, mishaps, crime investigations, chemical and nuclear bomb explosions, and ethnic studies. Forensic odontologists can assist other experts in determining sex of the remains by using information of the dental and skeletal remains. However, identification using skeletal remains presents a dilemma for forensic experts especially when only fragments of the body are recovered and the identification is hindered by standard methods.
The FBI has numerous divisions that specialize in specific forensic sciences. One of the subdivisions is the Firearms tool marks Unit or otherwise known as the FTU. The FTU main focus is determine whether a specific firearm fired a bullet or cartridge retrieved from a crime scene. The firearm examiner has two specific parts to their criteria, first they always solve fore the class characteristics and after they have successfully determined that step examiners then look and study the individual characteristics. Class characteristics used in firearms comparison are traits that have measurable features (Firearms & Tool Mark, n.d.).
Budgetary constraints are currently limiting our ability to hire more healthcare provdiers, so an ability to utilize licensed caregivers more efficiently would be helpful. By installing a pneumatic delivery system, the hospital system could have the licensed caregivers focus more time on providing excellent care to our patients. There are some noted concerns that using a pneumatic tube system for laboratory specimen delivery may increase the risk of hemolysis in a blood sample (Lima-Oliveira et al., 2014). However, this risk of hemolysis does not pose a substantial harm to patients and is clinically insignificant in the vast majority of cases. This is particularly true in the case of the Alvin C. York Medical Center as the units that would utilize the pneumatic tube system are units that do not serve patients with acute medical conditions.
Forensic scientists are used in many fields of study, such as criminology, pathology and biology. For example, if a person was to all out of a sudden die randomly, the forensic scientist that has a specialty in criminology, pathology and biology would be called to deal with this situation. The scientists have to examine the body to determine if the cause of the death was natural or not. After that they would either examine the body for fingerprints or wounds, or check if the person had any health problems in the past. The forensic scientists would apply the principle of blood spatter analysis.