Literature review. There are different leadership theories, models and styles developed throughout the history. Cable & Judge (2003), acknowledged that, the theories, models and styles that leaders use to get things done in an organization have important consequences for the culture of the organization and how people in the organization relate to one another. It also matters the motivation and the development of the workforce. Leadership Theories.
A Teachable Ethical Concept McMahone and Hardin-Baylor (2012) explore benefits of using a widely recognized a leadership style in organizations called servant leadership” to provide a systematic training approach that could help organizations to encourage ethical practices in their work environments. Keith (as cited in Spiro, 2011) believes that this style is about the focus on identifying and meeting needs of others in the organization, instead of the focusing self-interests and maximizing individual benefits of leaders like power, fame, and wealth. Spiro (2011) highlights that becoming a servant leader require developing the habits 1. build this style of leadership into the founding organizational values of. 2. recognizing your own strengths and weaknesses and their impact 3. Developing a flatter organizational structure 4. listening to the people around well.
As such, wise leadership is examined at the behavioral, the intrapersonal and cognitive levels. This observable pattern of behavior is in tune with the purpose of the current research which is concerned with leadership influences in the workplace. A core premise of our theoretical model is that leaders’ wise behavior positively influences subordinates practices as well as organizational processes, culture and outcomes. Mckenna et al.’s (2009) five defining principles of wise leadership as well as Nonaka and Takeuchi’s (2011) six core abilities of wise leaders began to build a case for the importance of constructing a new measure for wise leadership in their theoretical and conceptual contributions. To bridge a gap of current research and to build on the theoretical works of Mckenna et al.’s (2009), Nonaka and Takeuchi’s (2011), and other authors, we develop and validate a new measure of wise
In this essay, I am going to discuss how Max Weber’s theory of bureaucracy had a major impact on the development of public administration systems. Classical organisation theory evolved during the first half of this century. It represents the merger of scientific management, bureaucratic theory, and administrative theory. Max Weber expanded on Taylor 's theories, his methods involved getting the best equipment and people, and then carefully
1.6.2 Informal learning Activities Conceptual definition: Informal learning activities is defined as the activities to develop and maintain capabilities of the learner to perform competently within their professional environments (International Federation of Accountants (IFAC), 2008). Operational definition: In this study, informal learning activities is refers to the learning action which applied by the learner in the workplaces as the purpose for improvement. 1.6.3 Organizational support Conceptual definition: Organizational supportis defined as the help from the organization to the employees when it is needed to perform the job effectively and overcome difficult issues (Rhoades & Eisenberger, 2002). Operational definition: In this study, organizationalsupport is refers to the practices of the organization that always provide the learning opportunity to the employees in the workplaces. 1.6.4 Knowledge Sharing Conceptual definition: Knowledge sharing is defined as informal interaction of culture, exchange of employee knowledge, experiences, and skills through the whole department or organization (Reid, 2003).
Decisions taken within an organization are made by the leadership in light of the company’s culture, principles and policies. Leaders are the role models as they set the tone for the ethical stance of their individual followers, or the group they lead. As an ethical leader, they are expected to take responsibility and work to correct mistakes. They must ensure the company has an effective internal controls in place to identify unethical practices. In my opinion, big companies in their audit and compliance committees should have members who may act as ethicist to assess whether the actions of the company are consistent with the desired ethical
Ethical issues surface in everyday social work and conducting research through a social work lens creates opportunity to experience ethical dilemmas. Rubin and Babbie (2007) suggest “values can influence any phase of the research process” (p. 118). Considering objectivity, we did not come into this project without a pre-formed opinion of restorative justice. Our topic was chosen based on our current interest, so we need to be aware of how this interest affects our research. In considering three ethical issues that may surface, we focused on ensuring parental consent if interviewing minor students, using trauma-informed care principles when gathering data, and increasing awareness of various levels of power between participants and researchers.
By doing so, it sets a standard of ethical behaviour and has the potential to have a positive consequence for the reason behind employees motivation which can be defined as ‘The degree to which an individual wants and chooses to engage in certain specific behaviours’ (Mitchell, 1982). The social learning theory (Bandura, 1977) argues 'behaviour is learned from the environment through the process of observational learning '. Codes which are seen as being harnessed by those at the top of the hierarchy in an organisation can champion ethical behaviour as these senior figures are role models and set a standard as to how one should conduct his or herself ethically in an organisation. An ethics firm called LRN conducted a study which unravelled that 73 percent of employees who were part of an organization that had a written code of conduct believe ‘that it improves the organization as a workplace’ (LRN, 2006). Ultimately, employees will look to the code of conduct to form their motivation, values and beliefs in regard to
This is because, the social learning involve with three elements, which is engagement, imagination, and alignment. When a individuals participated in the group practices, the engagement with others and the environment that creates. For imagination elements, the learner will construct image of themselves, and about the practices environment for the purpose of reflect and explore social engagement. For the alignment part is a mutual social process of lining up perspectives and interpretations for better social good. Social learning theory is a potentially useful framework for this study becausethea professional qualification personalalways need to develop professionalcompetence within the social and political aspect of their work.
Ethical leadership is a growing concept and many large companies are promoting business ethics as their corporate social responsibility. The behavior and the individual values of the leader provide the direction to the business. Leader’s actions in term of ethical behavior and unethical behavior gives ideas to the employee and other stakeholders that what need to follow and what values are aspired in an organization. The position of the leader with moral and ethical values is most important to provide the solutions to ethical issues in a workplace. This also evident from above discussion that ethical leadership is also crucial in developing the ethical culture within an organization.